Józef Garliński (14 October 1913, Kiev - 29 November 2005, London) was a Polish historian and prose writer. He wrote many notable books on the history of World War II, some of which were translated into English. In particular, his book Fighting Auschwitz, translated into English in 1975, became a best-seller.
|Died||29 November 2005 (aged 92)|
|Fields||Polish history in WWII and its aftermath|
Garliński was born in Kiev on 14 October 1913.
He studied at the Jesuit school Zakład Naukowo-Wychowawczy Ojców Jezuitów w Chyrowie. Garliński fought in the Polish Army during the Invasion of Poland of 1939 and subsequently joined Polish resistance becoming a member of the Armia Krajowa. He was arrested in April 1943 by the Germans and imprisoned in Pawiak prison, and later transferred to Auschwitz and then to Neuengamme concentration camps. Garliński arrived at the Auschwitz camp on 13 May 1943, and was given prisoner number 121421.
After the war Garliński settled in Great Britain. For a time he worked as an estate agent and an insurance salesman while researching and writing a number of books, many of them about Polish World War II history, such as Poland, SOE and the Allies (1969), particularly after his retirement when he completed doctoral studies in History at the International London School of Economics and Political Science. One of his best-known works was Fighting Auschwitz, first published in Polish in 1974 and translated into English in 1975. His other works include Hitler's Last Weapons (1978) about the German V-weapons, Intercept (1979) on the wartime intelligence services, The Swiss Corridor (1981) about espionage in wartime Switzerland, and the more general history, Poland in the Second World War (1985). In 1991 he published his wartime autobiography, The Triumph of Love.
Most of his works were not allowed to be published in communist Poland, and until the fall of communism, their Polish-language editions were published either abroad or in the Polish underground press.
Partial list of his works includes:
- Matki i Żony (1962)
- Ziemia (1964)
- Między Londynem i Warszawą (1966)
- Politycy i Żołnierze (1968, 1988, 1991)
- Poland, SOE and the Allies (1969)
- Polskie Państwo Podziemne 1939-1945 (1974)
- Oświęcim walczący (1974, 1992), translated into English as Fighting Auschwitz: the resistance movement in the concentration camp (1975 and numerous subsequent editions)
- Ostatnia broń Hitlera: V1 i V2 (1977), translated to English as Hitler's Last Weapons: the underground war against the V1 and V2 (1978)
- Dramat i opatrzność (1978)
- Intercept: the Enigma war (UK, 1979), also published under the title The Enigma War (US, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1980) and in Polish as Enigma. Tajemnica drugiej wojny światowej (1999)
- Szwajcarski korytarz (1981, 1987, 1989; English translation: The Swiss corridor: espionage networks in Switzerland during World War II)
- Polska w drugiej wojnie światowej (1982, 1988, 1991), translated into English as Poland in the Second World War (1985)
- W czterdziestą rocznicę. Agonia, walka i śmierć warszawskiego getta (1983)
- Niezapomniane lata. Dzieje Wywiadu Więziennego i Wydziału Bezpieczeństwa Komendy Głównej AK (1987)
- The Survival of Love. Memoirs of a Resistance Officer (1991)
- Świat mojej pamięci (vols. 1-2, 1992–98)
- Cyra, Adam (7 January 2006). "Dr Józef Garliński (1913-2005)". Gazeta Wyborcza.
- Foot, M. R. D. (2005-12-02). "Obituary: Jozef Garlinski". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
- Garliński, Józef (1978). Hitler's Last Weapons: The Underground War against the V1 and V2. New York: Times Books. p. 147.
- Tatarowski, Konrad (2015). "Z Taśmoteki Rozgłośni Polskiej RWE — dr Józef Garliński (1913–2005)". Archiwum Emigracji (in Polish). 0: 124–130. doi:10.12775/AE.2015.010. ISSN 2391-7911.
- "Józef Garliński (1913-2005) - sylwetka". www.bu.kul.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2021-04-01.
- Cyra, Adam (02-12-2005). "W Londynie zmarł Józef Garliński, historyk, były więzień Auschwitz, wieloletni członek MRO". Muzeum / Auschwitz-Birkenau. Retrieved 2021-04-01. Check date values in:
- "Józef Garliński (1913-2005) - publikacje". www.bu.kul.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2021-04-01.
- Kitchen, Martin. "Garlinski, Józef," The Enigma War"(Book Review)." The Historian 44.1 (1981): 106
- "INTRODUCING THE GARLINSKI COLLECTION". Aquila Polonica - Publishing the Polish Experience of WWII. 2018. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- "Jozef Garlinski". The Telegraph. 1 December 2005. Retrieved 2021-04-01. (obituary)
- Woźny, Aleksander. "Józef Garliński (1913-2005)." Przegląd Historyczno-Wojskowy 7.1 (211) (2006).