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Izabal (Spanish pronunciation: [isaˈβal]) is one of the 22 departments of Guatemala. Its coastal areas form part of the homeland of the Garifuna people.

Izabal Department

Departmento de Izabal
Flag of Izabal Department
Flag
Coat of arms of Izabal Department
Coat of arms
Izabal
Izabal
Coordinates: 15°44′0″N 88°36′0″W / 15.73333°N 88.60000°W / 15.73333; -88.60000Coordinates: 15°44′0″N 88°36′0″W / 15.73333°N 88.60000°W / 15.73333; -88.60000
CountryFlag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
CapitalPuerto Barrios
Municipalities5
Government
 • TypeDepartmental
Area
 • Department of Guatemala9,038 km2 (3,490 sq mi)
 • Water590 km2 (230 sq mi)
Population
 (Census 2002)[1]
 • Department of Guatemala314,306
 • Urban
90,508
 • Ethnicities
Ladino, Q'eqchi', Garífuna, Afro-Caribbean
 • Religions
Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya
Time zoneUTC-6
ISO 3166 codeGT-IZ

Izabal is bordered to the north by Belize, to the north east by the Gulf of Honduras, and to the east by Honduras, and by the Guatemalan departments of Petén to the north west, Alta Verapaz to the west, and Zacapa to the south.

The Izabal Department surrounds Lake Izabal (or Lago de Izabal), Guatemala's largest lake (about 48 km long and 24 km wide, with an area of about 590 km²). The Spanish Colonial fort of San Felipe, now a Guatemalan national monument, overlooks the point where the lake flows into the Río Dulce.

The small town of Izabal is on the south shore of the lake; before the construction of the ports of Livingston and Puerto Barrios in the 19th century this was Guatemala's main Caribbean Sea port and was the original seat of Izabal department; nowadays, however, Izabal town is a remote village that gets little traffic.

From the area around Lake Izabal, the Department of Izabal stretches along the Río Dulce to the coast of the Caribbean Sea.

The department of Izabal includes the ports of Puerto Barrios (the departmental seat), Santo Tomás de Castilla, Livingston and Guatemala's free trade zone Zolic. Izabal also includes the Pre-Columbian Maya ruins of Quirigua.

Contents

MunicipalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "XI Censo Nacional de Poblacion y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002)". INE. 2002.
  2. ^ a b SEGEPLAN. "Municipios de Izabal, Guatemala". Secretaría General de Planificación. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.

External linksEdit