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Ivanhorod[2] or Ivangorod[3] (Ukrainian: Іванго́род; Russian: Ивангород; Polish: Iwangród) is a village located in the Khrystynivka Raion of the Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, some 151 kilometres (94 mi) from Kiev.[4][5]

Ivanhorod

Івангород
Village
Ivanhorod road sign
Ivanhorod road sign
Ivanhorod is located in Ukraine
Ivanhorod
Ivanhorod
Location of Ivanhorod in Ukraine
Coordinates: 48°48′10″N 29°48′09″E / 48.80278°N 29.80250°E / 48.80278; 29.80250Coordinates: 48°48′10″N 29°48′09″E / 48.80278°N 29.80250°E / 48.80278; 29.80250
Country Ukraine
Province Cherkasy Oblast
DistrictKhrystynivka Raion
Population
 (2001)
 • Total1,193 [1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
20040
Area code+380 4745

HistoryEdit

 
Ivanhorod Einsatzgruppen photograph: execution of Jews near Ivanhorod by German Einsatzgruppe during World War II.[6]

The first traces of a settlement date back to prehistoric times, with archeological findings from the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture. In the Middle Ages Ivanhorod lay on the Chumak trade road from Kiev to Crimea. From the 13th century on, it was part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and subsequently, until 1791, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.[7] The village (from 1609 owned by the Kalinowski family) lay on the path of the Khmelnytsky Uprising.[8][9] After the Second Partition of Poland Iwanogród became part of the Russian Empire.

The Jewish community in Ivanhorod dates back to early 19th century. In 1897, the Jewish population was 442 people. During the Holocaust (on what is now Ukrainian territory), a mass murder was committed by the German Einsatzgruppe in the southern part of Ivanhorod (1942) with an unknown number of victims.[10]. It is known by the Ivanhorod Einsatzgruppen photograph.

EconomyEdit

As of 2013, Ivanhorod had 504 employed residents, with the main economic activity being agriculture. There is a school in the village, a library with 18,000 books, a medical clinic with 9 employees, pharmacy, a post office, a bank, and several large farms.[11]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ ВРУ (1994–2013). "Івангород, Черкаська область" (Internet Archive). Облікова картка. Верховна Рада України. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  2. ^ Lo-Tishkach (2013). "Ivanhorod, Uman-Vinnytsia road". European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  3. ^ "Ivangorod, Ukraine – Satellite Images". Maplandia.com. 2005. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Cherkasy Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  5. ^ Places in the world.com, World distance calculator. Starting point: Ivanhorod / Ukraine. End point: Kiev / Ukraine. Also: GPS. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  6. ^ Robert Fisk (19 November 2011). "Robert Fisk: Ukraine, 1942. What are we seeing?". The Independent.co.uk. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  7. ^ Склад Уманського козацького полку
  8. ^ Ю. А. Мицик, О. Г. Бажан, В. С. Власов, Історія України, Києво-Могилянська академія, Київ 2008
  9. ^ Diary of Albrecht Stanisław Radziwiłł (Google Books, p. 470). Also: Wojciech Jacek Długołęcki (1995), Batoh 1652, Warsaw: Bellona, pp. 25–26, 44, ISBN 83-11-08402-5
  10. ^ "Ivanhorod". European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  11. ^ А. Г. Муха (January 25, 2013). Бюджет Івангородської сільської ради (in Ukrainian). Христинівська районна державна адміністрація Черкаської області. Retrieved 13 July 2013.