Ivan Pavlov (aviator)

Ivan Fomich Pavlov (Russian: Иван Фомич Павлов; 25 June 1922 - 12 October 1950) was a ground attack pilot of the Soviet Air Forces during the Second World War. He served as both a flight and squadron commander in 6th Guards Assault Aviation Regiment during the conflict, for which he was twice named a Hero of the Soviet Union.[1]

Ivan Fomich Pavlov
Иван Фомич Павлов.jpg
Native name
Иван Фомич Павлов
Born25 June 1922
Boris-Romanovka village
(located within present-day Kostanay District, Kazakhstan
Died12 October 1950
location of death unknown
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Air Force
RankMajor
Unit6th Guards Assault Aviation Regiment
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union (twice)

Early lifeEdit

Pavlov was born into a Russian peasant family in the village of Boris-Romanovka in what is now Kostanay District in Kazakhstan. From 1931 to 1932 he lived in Terensai Stantsy, now in the Adamovsky District of Orenburg Oblast, moving in 1932 to the city of Magnitogorsk in Chelyabinsk Oblast. He completed a basic education and in 1940 finished 3 years of training in the Magnitogorsk Industrial Technical Academy and Magnitogorsk Aeroclub.

He joined the Red Army in December 1940, and in 1942 graduated from the Chkalov Military Pilots' School in Orenburg.

World War IIEdit

Pavlov fought in the Second World War as a ground-attack pilot on the Kalinin and Baltic Fronts. For his courage and heroism in the completion of over 127 sorties by October 1943 he was awarded the gold star of the Hero of the Soviet Union award and the Order of Lenin in February 1944. When the news of the award reached his home area a collection was organized and funds were raised for the completion of four ground-attack aircraft, one of which was presented to Pavlov himself. The aircraft bore the inscription: "To our compatriot Hero of the Soviet Union I. Pavlov - from the workers of Kostanay"

Pavlov had completed another 77 sorties by October 1944, and was consequently awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for a second time. Altogether during the war he completed 237 sorties in the Ilyushin Il-2, in the course of which his crew downed one Me-109. He participated in the Rzhev-Sychev, Veliko-luki and Smolensk Operations, and the liberation of Belarus and the Baltic States as well as the liquidation of the Zemland group of enemy forces. He suffered a concussion during those operations.

PostwarEdit

In 1949 Pavlov graduated from the Frunze Military Academy and took command of the 947th Assault Regiment Aviation in the Prikarpatsky Military District.

He was killed in a plane crash on 12 October 1950. He was buried in Kostanay where a bronze bust was erected in his memory, and a street in the town was also named in his honour. His name is eternally included in the active service list (an honour often extended to former Heroes of the Soviet Union who died whilst on active duty) and is thus inscribed in gold in the Central Armed Forces Museum in Moscow. Two educational institutions in Moscow and a school in his home village of Boris-Romanovna are also named after Pavlov and host exhibitions devoted to his memory.

AwardsEdit

[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ivan Pavlov". warheroes.ru (in Russian).
  2. ^ Simonov & Bodrikhin 2017, p. 236.

BibliographyEdit

  • Simonov, Andrey; Bodrikhin, Nikolai (2017). Боевые лётчики — дважды и трижды Герои Советского Союза [Combat pilots – twice and three times Heroes of the Soviet Union]. Moscow: Russian Knights Foundation and Vadim Zadorozhny Museum of Technology. ISBN 9785990960510. OCLC 1005741956.