Ivan Passer (10 July 1933 – 9 January 2020) was a Czech film director and screenwriter, best known for his involvement in the Czechoslovak New Wave and for directing American films such as Born to Win (1971), Cutter's Way (1981) and Stalin (1992).
Life and careerEdit
Born in Prague, Passer attended King George boarding school in Poděbrady with future filmmakers Miloš Forman and Jerzy Skolimowski and statesman Václav Havel. He then studied at FAMU in Prague, but did not finish the course. He began his career as an assistent director on Ladislav Helge's Velká samota.
Later he collaborated with his friend Forman on all of Forman's Czech films, including Loves of a Blonde (1965) and The Firemen's Ball (1967), both of which Passer co-wrote and which were nominated for Academy Awards. He introduced Forman to cinematographer Miroslav Ondříček whom he knew from Velká samota. He then directed his first feature, Intimate Lighting, which was released in 1965 and is considered by some to be Passer's masterpiece.
In 1969, amidst the Prague Spring, Passer and Forman fled Czechoslovakia together. Both proceeded to the United States, with Forman becoming an Academy Award-winning filmmaker. Passer went on to make several prominent American films such as Born to Win (1971), a junkie drama starring George Segal and Karen Black, and Cutter's Way (1981), a dramatic thriller starring Jeff Bridges and John Heard.
Though best known for his idiosyncratic, often gritty dramas, he also directed comedies such as Silver Bears (1978) starring Michael Caine and Creator (1985) starring Peter O'Toole. Later in his career, he directed numerous films for television, most notably the award-winning biopic Stalin (1992) starring Robert Duvall for HBO. He was also a film professor at the University of Southern California.
- Konkurs (1963) (co-writer only, with Miloš Forman, Jaroslav Papoušek and Václav Šašek)
- Intimate Lighting (1965) (also co-writer, with Jaroslav Papoušek and Václav Šašek)
- Loves of a Blonde (1965) (co-writer only, with Miloš Forman, Jaroslav Papoušek and Václav Šašek)
- The Firemen's Ball (1967) (co-writer only, with Miloš Forman, Jaroslav Papoušek and Václav Šašek)
- Born to Win (1971) (also co-writer, with David Scott Milton)
- Law and Disorder (1974) (also co-writer, with Kenneth Harris Fishman and William Richert)
- Crime and Passion (1976) (also co-writer, with William Richert)
- Silver Bears (1977)
- Cutter's Way (1981)
- Faerie Tale Theatre (1983) (director of Episode - The Nightingale)
- Creator (1985)
- Haunted Summer (1988)
- Fourth Story (1990)
- Stalin (1992)
- While Justice Sleeps (1994)
- Kidnapped (1995)
- The Wishing Tree (1999)
- Picnic (2000)
- Velvet Hangover (2000)
- Nomad: The Warrior (2006)
- Genzlinger, Neil (January 14, 2020). "Ivan Passer, Noted Czech Director Who Went to Hollywood, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- Penner, John (January 10, 2020). "Ivan Passer, 'Cutter's Way' director and Czech New Wave pioneer, dies at 86". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
- Canby, Vincent (November 25, 1969). "Intimate Lighting Review". New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
- Penner, John (December 13, 2019). "Milos Forman, Ivan Passer and their 73-year friendship: Childhood, escaping Czechoslovakia and conquering Hollywood". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
- Interview in Czech
- MoMa retrospective on Ivan Passer
- Phillips, David (January 12, 2020). "Ivan Passer's Way". Awards Daily. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
- Gaydos, Steven (January 10, 2020). "Ivan Passer: An Appreciation of a Haunted Dreamer". Variety. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
- Saperstein, Pat (January 10, 2020). "Ivan Passer, Director of Cutter's Way, Dies at 86". Variety. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
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