Ituverava is a city located in the São Paulo state, in Brazil. The population is 40,994 (2015 est.) in an area of 705 km².[1]

Ituverava
Flag of Ituverava
Flag
Coat of arms of Ituverava
Coat of arms
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Ituverava is located in Brazil
Ituverava
Ituverava
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°30′22″S 47°46′50″W / 20.50611°S 47.78056°W / -20.50611; -47.78056Coordinates: 20°30′22″S 47°46′50″W / 20.50611°S 47.78056°W / -20.50611; -47.78056
CountryBrazil
RegionSoutheast
StateSão Paulo
Area
 • Total705 km2 (272 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total40,994
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)

GeographyEdit

It is located in the north region of São Paulo state, at a distance of 410 km from the capital of São Paulo State, and with an altitude of 605 meters.

EconomyEdit

The economy is predominantly agricultural, based on the cultivation of sugar cane. As a micro region polo, it has a relative strong trade and advanced service sector mainly based on medicine services.

The industrial sector has changed a little during the last decades as the cotton and soybeans crops had gone to agricultural frontiers as Mato Grosso and Goias and the sugarcane reconfigured the north of Sao Paulo. The agriculture raw material transfirmation industry that had gone with the soybeans and cotton crops (Maeda) gave place to some consumption and chemicals industries (Santa Maria, UPL).

HistoryEdit

The town was founded in the beginning of the 19th century, and grew around a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel (Nossa Senhora do Carmo). In 1847 it became a district of the municipality Franca, under the name Carmo de Franca. It became an independent municipality in 1885. In 1899 the name was changed to Ituverava, which is Tupi–Guarani for "shining waterfall".[2]

ReferencesEdit