Itō Line

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The Itō Line (伊東線, Itō-sen) is a railway line owned by the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) which connects Atami and Itō Stations, along the east coast of Izu Peninsula in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. From Itō, the line continues south to Shimoda under the privately owned and operated Izu Kyūkō Line.

Itō Line
JT
Izukyu Resort21 IzuTaga.jpg
Izu Kyuko Railway 2100 series "Resort21" train at Izu-Taga Station, March 2010
Overview
TerminiAtami
Itō
Stations6
Service
TypePassenger
Operator(s)JR East
History
Opened1935
Technical
Line length16.9 km
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Route map
JR Ito Line linemap.svg
Itō Line
0.0
Atami
1.2
Kinomiya
Fudō tunnel
1.795 km
1.115 mi
6.0
Izu-Taga
8.7
Ajiro
Shin-Usami tunnel
2.941 km
1.827 mi
13.0
Usami
16.9
Itō

Station listEdit

Station No. Name Japanese Distance from
Atami (km)
Transfers Location
(Through service for Tokyo, Kagohara, Utsunomiya

via JT Tokaido Main Line, Ueno-Tokyo Line, JU Utsunomiya Line and JU Takasaki Line)

JT21 Atami 熱海 0 Tokaido Shinkansen
Tokaido Main Line
Atami Shizuoka
JT22 Kinomiya 来宮 1.2
JT23 Izu-Taga 伊豆多賀 6.0
JT24 Ajiro 網代 8.7
JT25 Usami 宇佐美 13.0 Itō
JT26 Itō 伊東 16.9 Izukyu Izu Kyūkō Line (through service)
(Through service for Izukyū Shimoda via Izu Kyūkō Line)

Rolling stockEdit

  • Local trains
    • E231 series 10-car EMUs (Ito・TokaidoUeno-Tokyo Lines)
    • E233 series 10-car EMUs (Ito・Tokaido・Ueno-Tokyo Lines)
    • Izukyu 2100 series 7-car EMUs (Ito・Izukyu Lines)
    • Izukyu 8000 series 3-car or 6-car coupled EMUs (Ito・Izukyu Lines)
  • Limited express
  • Sightseeing trains
    • 651-1000 series 4-car EMUs (Izu Craile)
      • A rebuilt four-car 651 series resort train set named Izu Craile (伊豆クレイル) entered service on the Ito Line in the summer of 2016. The name is a portmanteau formed from "Cresciuto" (Italian for "mature"), "train", and the suffix "-ile". Car 1 had window-facing counter seats on the seaward side, car 2 had a bar counter and lounge, car 3 had semi-open compartments, and car 4 had conventional unidirectional 2+2-abreast seating.[1] The service ran until June 28, 2020, as JR East decided that with the introduction of Saphir Odoriko services, the Izu Craile service would be surplus to requirements.

Train serviceEdit

Most of the local trains are only run between Atami Station and Izukyū Shimoda station via Izu Kyūkō Line.

A few local trains with Green Cars departing from Itō Station enter the Tokaido Main Line, with most of them entering the Ueno-Tokyo Line, and the farthest terminals are Utsunomiya Station or Kagohara Station. As such, Itō Station is the most southern terminal of the Ueno-Tokyo Line.

HistoryEdit

Initial plans called for the Japanese National Railways (JNR) to build a spur line linking Atami on the Tokaido Main Line with Shimoda. However, funding was limited in the 1930s due to a combination of a tight fiscal policy under Prime Minister Osachi Hamaguchi during the Great Depression, and a number of technical issues. The projected route of the Itō line along the mountainous east coast of the Izu Peninsula required numerous tunnels and bridges. Workers digging a tunnel near Usami encountered problems with underground hot springs, similar to that experienced in the construction of the Tanna Tunnel, which had recently been completed years later than originally projected and far over budget.

On March 30, 1935, the initial 8.7 km section of the Itō Line linking Atami with Ajiro was opened. The second (8.3 km) section from Ajiro to Itō was opened on December 15, 1938. Both sections were electrified at 1,500 V DC when opened. Further work was delayed, and then canceled due to the outbreak of World War II.

CTC signalling was commissioned in 1958, and the Atami to Kinomiya section was duplicated in 1968. The entire line was originally designed to be built as double track, and earthworks were undertaken on this basis, including tunneling, but to date only the first 1.2 km of the line has been duplicated.

Construction south of Itō resumed in 1961, when the private-sector Tokyu Corporation acquired the rights to complete the line to Shimoda and established the Izukyu Corporation to manage construction and operations of this section.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 651系改造のリゾート列車 2016年夏デビュー [Rebuilt 651 series resort train to debut in summer 2016]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2016.