The Itivuttaka (Pali for "as it was said") is a Buddhist scripture, part of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism and is attributed to Khujjuttara's recollection of Buddha's discourses.[1][2] It is included there in the Sutta Pitaka's Khuddaka Nikaya. It comprises 112 short teachings ascribed in the text to the Buddha, each consisting of a prose portion followed by a verse portion. The latter may be a paraphrase of the former, or complementary. Some scholars[3] consider it one of the earliest of all Buddhist scriptures, while others consider it somewhat later. Latest translation by Anagarika Mahendra has been published in 2018.


  • Sayings of Buddha, tr J. H. Moore, Columbia University Press, 1908
  • "As it was said", in Minor Anthologies of the Pali Canon, volume II, tr F. L. Woodward, 1935, Pali Text Society[1], Bristol
  • Tr John D. Ireland, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 1991; later reprinted in 1 volume with his translation of the Udana. Available now online at
  • Tr Peter Masefield, 2000, Pali Text Society, Bristol; the PTS's preferred translation; its declared aim is to translate in accordance with the commentary's interpretation
  • Book of This Was Said, translated by Anagarika Mahendra, 2018, Dhamma Publishers, Roslindale MA; ISBN 9780999078112.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ireland, John (trans. & intro.) (1999). Itivuttaka: The Buddha's Sayings (excerpts). Article's "Introduction" is available on-line at
  2. ^ Thanissaro Bhikkhu (trans. & intro.) (2001). Itivuttaka: This Was Said by the Buddha. "Translator's Introduction" is available on-line at
  3. ^ Nakamura, Indian Buddhism, Japan, 1990; reprinted Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi

External linksEdit