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Folklore of Italy

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Folklore of Italy refers to the folklore and urban legends of Italy.

Contents

FolkloreEdit

Type Name Remarks Notes/ref.
Similar to Santa Claus Befana Is an old woman who delivers gifts to children throughout Italy on Epiphany Eve (the night of January 5) in a similar way to Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus. [1]
Santa Lucia Is a holy woman who delivers gifts to children of Bergamo and province on 13 December, in a similar way to Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus. [1]
Creatures Badalisc Is a mythical creature of the Val Camonica, in the southern central Alps. [2]
Thyrus, the dragon of Terni One of the most famous dragons of Italian folklore is Thyrus, a river's dragon that besieged Terni in the Middle Ages. One day, a young and brave knight of the noble House of Cittadini, tired of witnessing the death of his fellow citizens and depopulation of Terni, faced the dragon and killed him. From that day, the town assumed the creature in its coat of arms, accompanied by a Latin inscription: "Thyrus et amnis dederunt signa Teramnis" (English translation: "Thyrus and the river gave their insignia to the city of Terni") , that stands under the banner of the town of Terni, honoring this legend. [3]
Seven headed-dragon According to a pupular legend, there was a dragon with seven heads who lived near Oltre il Colle (Bergamo province), devouring livestock and drinking of water that would provide immortality, which was at first attacked by rebellious farmers and hunters, in vain. Then, he was attacked by an army composed of the best soldiers of the armies of the small states of Italy and fled, defeated, in the water, which became the muddy and undrinkable water of the Fonte Drago ("Wellspring [of the] Dragon") Oltre il Colle.
It is not the only monster in the area of Oltre il Colle: there is also a wicked maga ("sorceress" in Italian) to threaten it.
Ferocious Beast It was an enormous animal similar to a wolf. It ate pets and children and terrorized Milan during the 1790s and the Milanese organized a hunt against it. After months they killed the Ferocious Beast and displayed its body at the University of Pavia. Today it is no longer there and has been missing for decades. Informal sources claim it was stolen, destroyed during WW2 or removed specifically by German actions during WW2. [4]
Other Egg of Columbus Refers to a brilliant idea or discovery that seems simple or easy after the fact. The expression refers to a popular story of how Christopher Columbus, having been told that discovering the Americas was no great accomplishment, challenged his critics to make an egg stand on its tip.
Striga A demon or creature, derived from the Corsican myth of the Stegge. It is a witch or sentient beast of mammalian features, and like a woman, bat, dog and rat. It is not an omen but rather a bringer of harm and fear. It is said be a female thing that feeds on the blood and often parasites men and children. It is in a way, a type of bogy beast, like vampires in Slavic mythologies and lore. [5]
Giufà He is referred to in some areas of the country. [6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Illes, Judika. Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses (2009) p. 269. ISBN 978-0-06-135024-5
  2. ^ "Festa del Badalisc ad Andrista (località di Cevo)" (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-01-03.
  3. ^ Francesco Angeloni, Historia di Terni e Elia Rossi Passavanti, Interamna dei Naharti
  4. ^ riservati, © Mitì Vigliero - Tutti i diritti (11 April 2013). "La Bestia Feroce Che Mangiava I Bambini A Milano: Una Storia Del Settecento".
  5. ^ European Mythology, Raymond V. Pazón
  6. ^ Ashliman, D. L. "Eat, My Clothes!". Clothes Make the Man - folktales of Aarne-Thompson type 1558 selected and edited by D. L. Ashliman. Retrieved 2009-10-13.

External linksEdit