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Italian Army 1975 reform

With the 1975 reforms the Italian Army abolished the regimental level and replaced it with brigades made up of multiple arms (including for example armour, infantry, and artillery). During the reform the army disbanded 48 regimental commands and reduced its force by 87 battalions.[1] A further ten regimental commands were used to raise ten new brigade commands. Ten training centers, which for traditional reasons had carried the names of regiments, were also disbanded. The reduction in units also allowed to mechanize most of the remaining units in Northern Italy and Italy's defense strategy changed from a hold-at-all-costs territorial defense to one of mobile warfare.

The reform was pushed through by General Andrea Cucino. Having become Chief of the General Staff of the Army on 1 February 1975[2], Cucino, concerned with the number of undermanned and underequipped units, ordered an immediate review of the army's structure. After two months Cucino and his staff presented a plan to restructure the entire army, and having secured an additional 1,100 billion Lire over 10 years to modernize the army's equipment, Cucino ordered the reform to begin with 1 September 1975. By 31 November 1975 the reform concluded and the army's organs, units, doctrine, training, and organization had been thoroughly and radically altered.[1] After the reform operational units were at 93% readiness, with the Armored Division "Ariete" and the Anti-aircraft Artillery Command at 100% readiness.

Contents

Third ArmyEdit

As a founding member of NATO Italy was obliged to assign its military forces to NATO's integrated military command in case of war. While the Italian Air Force's operational units would have come under NATO's Fifth Allied Tactical Air Force (5 ATAF) in Vicenza, the Italian Army would have come under NATO's Allied Land Forces Southern Europe (LANDSOUTH) in Verona. However as tensions between Italy and Yugoslavia over the Free Territory of Trieste were high after World War 2 and as Yugoslavia was not a Warsaw Pact member a conflict between the two countries would have likely not involved NATO. Therefore on 1 May 1952 the Italian Army re-activated the Third Army in Padua to be able to act outside NATO's chain of command in case a war would break out between Italy and Yugoslavia.[3]. Third Army duplicated the functions of LANDSOUTH with a purely Italian staff. To not violate NATO's integrated military command Italy described Third Army in all official documents as "the command designated Third Army" (il Comando Designato 3a Armata) and assigned no combat units to it during peacetime.[citation needed]

In case of war Third Army would have commanded the V Army Corps in Vittorio Veneto and the Carnia-Cadore Troops Command of the IV Alpine Army Corps. The latter command, based in San Daniele del Friuli, had been specifically created to be able to split the IV Alpine Army Corps' area of operation in case of war with Yugoslavia. Reinforcements for Third Army would have come from the III Army Corps in Milan and the VI Army Corps in Bologna.[citation needed]

With the easing of tensions between Italy and Yugoslavia, which culminated in the division of the Free Territory of Trieste with the Treaty of Osimo in 1975, the army disbanded Third Army, along with the VI Army Corps, on 1 April 1972. With the 1975 reform the last traces of Third Army's existence were eliminated: the Carnia-Cadore Troops Command was disbanded and the support units that had supported the Command Designated Third Army were re-assigned or disbanded. Furthermore the army significantly reduced its forces in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region along the Yugoslavian-Italian border: 17 regimental commands and 28 battalions were disbanded and a further six regimental commands were transformed into brigade commands. In total about a third of the pre-reform personnel were withdrawn from the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region as a goodwill gesture to Yugoslavia.[citation needed]

Personnel and TrainingEdit

As part of the reform the military service length for the army was reduced from 15 to 12 months (Article 40, Law nr. 191, 31 May 1975). Subsequently the army reduced its personnel strength from 285,000 to 240,000. At the same time the training of recruits was radically altered: until 1975 all recruits received their basic training at ten Recruits Training Centers (Centro Addestramento Reclute - CAR) and where assigned only afterwards to their units. With the reform all higher commands were assigned Recruits Training Battalions (Battaglione Addestramento Reclute - BAR), which trained the recruits assigned to the command's units.

Another part of the reform focused on the selection of the army's squad leaders. Until the reform squad leaders were chosen prior to their arrival at the army's Recruits Training Centers based on their army physical and their prior civilian education. Their actually ability to lead a squad was not taken into account and therefore General Cucino ended this practice. Forthwith the company commanders of the Recruits Training Battalions chose future squad leaders among their best recruits.[1]

Naming conventionsEdit

NumeralsEdit

Until the 1975 reform the army alternated the numbering of its units between Roman numerals and Arabic numerals. With the reform the use of Roman numerals was discontinued. The table below gives an overview of the units of the army and the use of numerals before 1975:

Unit type Numerals Commanding officer rank (NATO code) Notes
Army Arabic General (Generale - OF-10) The army's only active field army, the 3ª Armata, was disbanded on 1 April 1972.
Army Corps, Inspectorate (Ispettorato), Military Region (Regione Militare) Roman Lieutenant General (Generale di Corpo d'Armata - OF-8) Inspectorates and Military Regions were administrative formations.
Division, Troops Command (Comando Truppe), Service Command (Comando del Servizio) Arabic Major General (Generale di Divisione - OF-7) Service Commands were administrative formations.
Brigade Roman Brigadier General (Generale di Brigata - OF-6)
Regiment, Grouping (Raggruppamento) Arabic Colonel (Colonnello - OF-5) Groupings were administrative formations.
Battalion, Group, Squadrons Group, Unit (Reparto) Roman Lieutenant Colonel (Tenente Colonnello - OF-4) Units were an administrative formations of 2-3 companies.
Company, Battery, Squadron Arabic Captain (Capitano - OF-2)

BrigadesEdit

With the reform the army raised ten new brigades and named them, depending on the division they were assigned to, by different conventions:

The two brigades were joined by the Mechanized Brigade "Legnano", which was named for the medieval Battle of Legnano fought between the Lombard League and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa.
The two brigades were joined in the division by the Mechanized Brigade "Trieste", named after the World War II 101st Motorised Division "Trieste".
The two brigades were joined in the division by the Armored Brigade "Pozzuolo del Friuli", named for the World War I Battle of Pozzuolo.

The tenth new brigade was the Motorized Brigade "Acqui", named after the World War II 33rd Infantry Division "Acqui".

Battalions and GroupsEdit

In 1975 newly independent battalions and groups were given a name, battle flag, and coat of arms. These names, flags, and coats of arms are still in use today. The naming convention introduced in 1975 is as follows:

InfantryEdit

Each speciality of the infantry developed its own naming convention.

The three Granatieri (Grenadier) battalions were named for two battles, where the Granatieri had withstood overwhelming enemy numbers, and for the oldest regiment of their line:

Line infantry regiments already carried names before the reform and mostly retained them. The newly independent line infantry battalions, which changed their names, did so because:

  • in one case a division with same name existed (114th Infantry Regiment "Mantova" - Mechanized Division "Mantova")
  • in six cases the regiment was part of a brigade with the same name (i.e. 17th Infantry Regiment "Acqui" - Motorized Brigade "Acqui", 67th Infantry Regiment "Legnano" - Mechanized Brigade "Legnano")
  • in six cases because the regiment's sister regiment was also active with the same name (i.e. 59th Infantry Regiment "Calabria" - 60th Infantry Regiment "Calabria", 151st Infantry Regiment "Sassari"- 152nd Infantry Regiment "Sassari")
  • in two cases because an artillery regiment carried the same name (33rd Infantry Regiment "Livorno" - 28th Artillery Regiment "Livorno", 120th Infantry Regiment "Emilia" - 155th Artillery Regiment "Emilia")
  • in two cases because a brigade with the same name existed and because the regiment's sister regiment was already active with the same name: 21st Infantry Regiment "Cremona" - 22nd Infantry Regiment "Cremona" - Motorized Brigade"Cremona".
  • in the case of the reactivated 1st Infantry Regiment "Re" ("King"), because the army did not want the unit to carry a royal title. For the same reason the 9th Infantry Regiment "Regina" ("Queen") had been renamed 9th Infantry Regiment "Bari" in 1947.

All newly independent infantry battalions, with the exception of six, were named for battles where the antecedent regiment had distinguished itself. The six battalions were renamed, in one case for the patron saint of the city where the unit was based (1st Motorized Infantry Battalion "San Giusto"), in one case for a quarter of the city, which was the unit's former title (33rd Infantry Fortification Battalion "Ardenza"), in one case for a historic event that had occurred in the area of the regiment's former title (74th Infantry Fortification Battalion "Pontida"). In the remaining three cases for the historic name of the region surrounding the unit's base from where it drew its recruits: 45th Infantry (Training) Battalion "Arborea", 47th Infantry (Training) Battalion "Salento", 91st Infantry (Training) Battalion "Lucania".

Bersaglieri regiments and battalions had not carried names before the reform and the newly independent battalions were named, with two exceptions, for battles. The 1st Bersaglieri Battalion was named for the founder of the Bersaglieri corps General Alessandro Ferrero La Marmora, while the 11th Battalion, which had received the war flag of the 182nd Regiment "Garibaldi", was named for the island of Caprera, where Giuseppe Garibaldi had spent the last years of his life.

Alpini battalions and the associated mountain artillery groups had been recruited in the Alpine valleys of Northern Italy and were named since 1887 for the location of their main depot. With the 1975 reform Alpini battalions and mountain artillery groups became independent under their historic names.

Armor battalions were named for officers, soldiers and partisans, who were posthumously awarded Italy's highest military honor the Gold Medal of Military Valour for heroism during World War II. Similarly the two mechanized Carabinieri battalions were named for Carabinieri officers, who were posthumously awarded the Gold Medal of Military Valour. I.e. 13th Tank Battalion "M.O. Pascucci".

Paracadutisti (Paratroopers) battalions were named for World War II battles: Second Battle of El Alamein, Air Assault of Poggio Rusco, and one battalion was named for the location of the first Italian military parachute school Tarquinia. The Paratroopers Assault Battalion was named for the World War I conquest of the summit of Col Moschin by its predecessor regiment.

The infantry's youngest speciality the Lagunari fielded two battalions after the reform:

  • 1st Lagunari Battalion "Serenissima", named for the honorary title of the Republic of Venice
  • Amphibious Vehicles Battalion "Sile", named for the Sile river, which flows into the Venetian lagoon and was the location of heavy combat between Austro-Hungarian and Italian forces in 1918.

CavalryEdit

During the reform two cavalry squadron groups were reactivated and both, as all already active squadron groups, retained their traditional names. Two squadron groups retained their names based on former Kingdom of Sardinia possession in France: "Nizza Cavalleria" named for the County of Nice and "Savoia Cavalleria" named for the Duchy of Savoy. One squadrons group retained its name based on the Second Italian War of Independence Battle of Montebello, one squadrons group retained its title as the guides ("Guide") of the army, while the remainder of the squadron groups retained their names, which were derived from Italian regions (i.e. "Piemonte Cavalleria") or cities (i.e. "Lancieri di Novara").

ArtilleryEdit

The artillery remained divided into the following specialities:

  • da campagna - Field Artillery (includes also da campagna semovente (self-propelled field artillery) and da campagna paracadutisti (paratroopers field artillery)): groups of this type were maneuver elements of brigade-level units and were given war flags and names of former divisional artillery regiments.
  • pesante campale - Heavy Field Artillery (includes also pesante campale semovente (heavy self-propelled field artillery)): regiments and groups of this type were support elements of divisions or corps; the first were given war flags of former divisional artillery regiments, while the latter received war flags of former army corps artillery regiments.
  • pesante - Heavy Artillery (includes also pesante semovente (heavy self-propelled artillery)): groups of this type were tasked with army-level strategic nuclear fire and were given, with the exception of the 27th Heavy Self-propelled Artillery Regiment, war flags of former army artillery regiments. The 27th Artillery Regiment was originally a field artillery regiment, which had become a Heavy Artillery unit over time, which still retained its Field Artillery war flag.
  • da montagna - Mountain Artillery: groups of this type were maneuver elements of Alpine brigades.
  • controaerei - Anti-aircraft Artillery.
  • a cavallo - Horse Artillery: the only regiment of this type was organized as a Heavy Field Artillery regiment.

Most artillery units retained the names of the former regiments, whose war flags they were given. The units, which changed their names, did so because:

  • in two because cases a division with same name existed (131st Artillery Regiment "Centauro" - Armored Division "Centauro", 132nd Artillery Regiment "Ariete" - Armored Division "Ariete")
  • in one cases a division and a brigade with same name existed (185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore" - Mechanized Division "Folgore" - Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore")
  • in five cases a brigade with the same name existed (i.e. 7th Artillery Regiment "Cremona" - Motorized Brigade "Cremona", 35th Artillery Regiment "Friuli" - Motorized Brigade "Friuli").
  • in eight cases because an infantry regiment carried the same name (183rd Infantry Regiment "Nembo" - 184th Artillery Regiment "Nembo")
  • and in the case of the 120th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Po" name had to be chosen as the preceding unit was simply known as 120th Motorized Regiment.

Unlike the other service arms of the army the artillery did not follow a unified naming convention. Which led to units being named for battles (3rd "Pastrengo", 13th "Magliana", 184th "Filottrano"), rivers (1st "Adige", 10th "Avisio"), mountains (i.e. 4th "Bondone"), landscapes (i.e. 14th "Murge", 47th "Gargano"), cities (i.e. 33rd "Terni", 132nd "Rovereto"), bridges (19th "Rialto"), and World War II divisions (120th "Po"). However light anti-aircraft reserve groups were named systematically for birds of prey.

EngineersEdit

Engineer battalions were named for a lake if they supported a corps or named for a river if they supported a division or brigade: i.e. the 5th Pioneers Battalion "Bolsena" supported the 5th Army Corps, while the 104th Pioneers Battalion "Torre" supported the Mechanized Division "Mantova". In the case of the 184th Pioneers Battalion "Santerno" the name was chosen to also commemorate the CLXXXIV Engineer Battalion's role in crossing the river Santerno during the allied 1945 Spring offensive.

SignalsEdit

Signal battalions were named for mountain passes[5], with the exception of the two Southernmost units, which were named for volcanoes. I.e. named for passes: 4th Signal Battalion "Gardena", 33rd Electronic Warfare Battalion "Falzarego"; named for volcanoes: 45th Signal Battalion "Vulture" and 46th Signal Battalion "Mongibello".

Army AviationEdit

Army Aviation units were new creations and named for celestial objects:[6]

  • Groupings were numbered with a single digit and named for stars[6]: i.e. the 5th Army Light Aviation Grouping "Rigel" was named for the brightest star in the Orion constellation. Accordingly the coat of arms of aviation units highlight the name-giving star within its constellation. Aviation support units elevated to regiment in the 1990ies were named for the constellation of the aviation regiment they supported: i.e. the support regiment of the 5th Army Aviation Regiment "Rigel" was named 2nd Army Aviation Support Regiment "Orione".
  • Squadron groups were numbered with two digits and named for constellations, and planets of the Solar System[6]. When possible the names were chosen to relate to a unit's location or its superior unit: i.e. the 34th Squadrons Group formed in 1986 from squadrons based in Turin was named "Toro" (Italian for bull) as the symbol of Turin is a rampant bull. The 46th Squadrons Group of the "Centauro" division was named "Sagittario", as this constellation is commonly represented by a centaur pulling-back a bow, which is also the division's symbol. Furthermore the numbers assigned to squadron groups were specified as:
    • 10-19 for medium transport helicopters squadron groups (Elicotteri da Trasporto Medio - ETM)[6]
    • 20-39 for light airplanes and helicopters squadron groups (Aerei Leggeri e Elicotteri - ALE)[6]
    • 40-49 for reconnaissance helicopters squadron groups (Elicotteri da Ricognizione - ERI)[6]
    • 50-59 for multirole helicopters squadron groups (Elicotteri Multiruolo - EM)[6]

If a squadrons group was part of a regiment the second digit of its number corresponded to the number of the regiment. I.e. the 44th Squadrons Group was a reconnaissance helicopter unit assigned to the 4th Army Light Aviation Grouping "Altair".[6]

Transport and MaterielEdit

Transport groups were named for Roman roads near their bases: i.e. 10th Inter-forces Maneuver Transport Group "Salaria" and the 11th Maneuver Transport Group "Flaminia", both based in Rome, were named for Roman roads starting in Rome.

Logistic battalions were named for the division or brigade they were assigned to. In 1986 logistic units supporting the army corps were given the names of landscapes in the corps' area of operations (i.e. "Carnia", "Carso", "Dolomiti").

HistoryEdit

This naming convention is still in force and newly created units' names adhere to it. I.e:

  • 1 October 1983: 51st Pioneer Battalion "Simeto" in Palermo, named for the Simeto river in Southern Sicily.[7]
  • 13 July 1987: 10th Transport Battalion "Appia" in Naples, named for the Roman road Via Appia.[8]
  • 5 July 1996: 7th Attack Helicopters Regiment "Vega" in Casarsa della Delizia, named for Vega - the brightest star in the Lyra constellation.[9]
  • 24 January 2005: Battalion "Nemi" of the 6th Pioneer Regiment in Rome, named for lake Nemi in Lazio.

War flags and coat of armsEdit

For the first time the Italian Army allowed units below the regimental level to carry a war flag ("bandiera di guerra"). With the presidential decrees n. 846 of 12 November 1976 and n. 173 of 14 March 1977 the newly raised units were officially assigned their names and either assigned an existing war flag or granted a newly created war flag:

  • Granatieri, Bersaglieri, cavalry, line infantry, field artillery, heavy artillery, anti-air artillery, engineer, and Paracadutisti battalions and groups were assigned flags of regiments disbanded during the reform or flags of non-active regiments, whose flags had been stored at Shrine of the Flags (Sacrario delle Bandiere) in the Vittoriano in Rome.
  • Alpini, Lagunari, signal, mountain artillery, tank, and armored battalions and groups exceeded the number of pre-existing regiments and therefore were assigned a mix of existing flags and newly created flags.
  • Aviation, logistic, Carabinieri and transport units were given war flags for the first time and their flags were all of new creation.

In total 92 stored and 80 newly created war flags were given to the units raised during the reform. With the war flags these units also acquired the right to display a coat of arms. This required the army's heraldry office to design 80 new coat of arms and update the other 92, many of which had not been modified since the time of fascism and furthermore did not take the unit's World War II service into account. Therefore the army's heraldry office created or updated the coat of arms for all existing units of the army. See Heraldry of the Italian Army for further details.

EquipmentEdit

The reduction of forces allowed the army to retire old equipment and invest in new gear. The first priority was to improve the anti-tank capabilities of infantry units by speeding up the introduction of the BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missiles and ordering another 10,000 missiles, bringing the total number of launchers and missiles in service by 1978 to 432 launchers and more than 15,000 missiles.[1] While the army had already bought 200 Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks and 69 Bergepanzer 2 armored recovery vehicles from Germany in 1971 and 1972 to equip the Cavalry Brigade "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in 1974 the army ordered an additional 400 license-built Leopard 1A2 and 67 Bergepanzer 2 from OTO-Melara to replace M47 Patton tanks and M74 armored recovery vehicles in units stationed in Northern Italy. In total the army reduced the number of M47 tanks in service by about 900.[1] Unhappy with the protection level of the standard M113 armored personnel carrier the army ordered the same year 600 VCC-1 Camillino with improved armor and a M2 Browning machine gun for its armored and mechanized brigades. As the amphibious LVT-4 of the Lagunari Regiment were obsolete the army ordered 17 LVTP-7 as replacement (15x LVTP-7, 1x LVTP-7C command post, 1x LVTP-7R recovery vehicle). For the artillery 164 FH70 towed howitzers were ordered[1], while the last M7 Priest, M55 and M14/61 howitzers were retired. In total the army reduced the number of howitzers in service by about 450[1]. The artillery's MGR-1 Honest John surface-to-surface missiles were replaced with MGM-52 Lance missiles, while its MQM-57 "Falconer" drones were replaced by Canadair CL-89B "Midge" drones. The Army's Light Aviation had received its first CH-47C Chinook transport helicopter in February 1973; by 1975 the first operational unit could be formed and all 24 Chinook were in service by October 1977.[10] In the same year the first of 80 SM.1019A artillery observation and liaison plane entered service and began to replace the L-18C Super Cub and L-21B Super Cub planes, which were finally taken out of service in 1979 and 1980 respectively.[11] In 1976 the army acquired five A109 Hirundo helicopters: three in VIP transport configuration and two equipped with a telescopic sight unit and BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missiles to aid in the development of an indigenous attack helicopter.[12]

SymbolsEdit

  • -> = "changed to"
  • --> = "assigned to"
  • ʘ-> = "moved to"

Army General StaffEdit

  •   Army General Staff (Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito (SME)), in Rome[13]
    • Chief of the Army General Staff
    •   Medical Service, in Rome[14]
      • Military Medicine School, in Florence[15]
        • Training and Studies Office
        • Complement Officer Cadets / Specialized Cadets Unit
        • Administrative Service
        • Special Infirmary
      • Military Medicine Studies and Research Center, in Rome
    •   Military Veterinary Service, in Rome[16]
      • Military Veterinary Service School, in Pinerolo
      • Military Veterinary Service Studies Center, in Rome
      • Quadrupeds Infirmary, in Pinerolo
      • Quadrupeds Infirmary, in Meran
      • Quadrupeds Infirmary, in Udine
      • Quadrupeds Rearing Post, in Grosseto
    •   Automotive Service, in Rome[17]
      • Secretariat and Personnel Office -> Office of the Chief (Secretariat and Personnel, Studies and Regulations, Training and Organization)
      • Regulation, Organization and Training Office -> disbanded
      • Motorization Schools Command, in Rome-Cecchignola[18]
        • Command Unit, in Rome-Cecchignola
        • Automotive Service Application School, in Rome-Cecchignola ->   Automotive Service Application School[19]
        • Motorization Specialists School, in Rome-Cecchignola ->   Motorization Specialists School[19][18]
        • Motorization Mechanics and Drivers School, in Rome-Cecchignola ->   Motorization Mechanics School[19][18]
        • Maneuver Transport Group, in Rome-Cecchignola
        • Medium Workshop, in Rome-Cecchignola
      • X Transport Group, in Rome ->   10th Interforces Maneuver Transport Group "Salaria" (granted a new war flag)[20]
      • XI Maneuver Transport Group, in Rome ->   11th Maneuver Transport Group "Flaminia" (granted a new war flag)[21]
    •   Military Commissariat Service, in Rome
      •   Military Commissariat and Administration Services School, in Maddaloni[22][23]
        • Command Company, in Maddaloni -> Command and Services Company
        • I Courses Unit (Commissariat), in Maddaloni -> 1st Specialized Cadets Battalion
        • II Courses Unit (Administration), in Maddaloni > disbanded
        • III Experimental Unit, in Maddaloni -> 3rd Experimental Battalion
        • IV Specialized Cadets Unit, in Nocera Inferiore -> 2nd Specialized Cadets Battalion
    •   Military Administration Service, in Rome[24]
    • Artillery Technical Service, in Rome
    • Engineering Technical Service, in Rome
    • Signal Technical Service, in Rome
    • Motorization Technical Service, in Rome
    • Chemical-Physical Technical Service, in Rome
    • Geographic Technical Service, in Rome
      • Military Geographical Institute, in Florence
    •   War School, in Civitavecchia
    •   Military Academy, in Modena
    • Arms Application Schools Command, in Turin ->   Application School[25][19]
      •   Infantry and Cavalry Application School, in Turin -> disbanded
      •   Artillery Application School, in Turin -> disbanded
      •   Engineering Application School, in Turin -> disbanded
    •   "Nunziatella" Military School, in Naples
    •   Non-commissioned Officers Cadets School, in Viterbo
    • Army Foreign Languages School, in Rome

Infantry and Cavalry InspectorateEdit

  • Infantry and Cavalry Inspectorate, in Rome[26]
    • Secretariat and Personnel Office -> 1st Office: Secretariat, Organization, and Personnel
    • Training, Regulations, Schools Office -> 2nd Office: Schools Training and Regulations; Schools Courses and Materials
    • Studies and Experiences Office -> disbanded
    • General Officer Divisional Infantry -> General Officer for motorized, alpine, parachute, and fortification infantry units
      •   Infantry School, in Cesano[27]
        • Command Unit, in Cesano -> Command and Services Company
        • Cadets Battalion, in Cesano
        • Infantry Complement Officer Cadets School, in Ascoli Piceno ->   235th Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Piceno" (BAR)[28] (assigned the war flag of the 235th Infantry Regiment "Piceno")[29] --> Comando Artiglieria Controaerei dell'Esercito
        •   Infantry Complement Non-commissioned Officers Cadets School, in Spoleto
      •   Equestrian Military School, in Montelibretti
    • General Officer Alpine Troops -> disbanded
      •   Alpine Military School (SMALP), in Aosta[30]
        • Command Unit, in Aosta -> Command and Services Company
        • Cadets Battalion, in Aosta
        • Alpine Troops Skiers Group, in Aosta
        • Light Aviation Unit (SMALP), at Pollein Heliport -> 545th Multirole Helicopters Squadron / 54th Multirole Helicopters Squadrons Group "Cefeo" / 4th Army Light Aviation Grouping "Altair"[31][6]
    • General Officer Parachute Troops -> disbanded
    • General Officer Armored Troops -> General Officer for mechanized and armored units of infantry and cavalry
      •   Mechanized and Armored Troops School (SCUTMEC), in Caserta -> Armored Troops School[34]
        • Command Unit, in Caserta -> Command and Services Company
        • Cadets Battalion, in Caserta
        • Tank Training Battalion, in Caserta -> Tank-Armored Battalion
        • Mechanized and Armored Troops Squad Commanders Cadets School, in Lecce ->   Armored Troops Specialists School
        • Light Aviation Unit SCUTMEC, at Salerno-Pontecagnano Air Base -> merged into the 20th Light Airplanes and Helicopters Squadrons Group "Andromeda"[35]
    • Physical Education Military School, in Orvieto
      • 1st Athletes Company, in Rome
      • 2nd Athletes Company, in Naples
      • 3rd Athletes Company, in Bologna

Artillery InspectorateEdit

  • Artillery Inspectorate, in Rome -> Artillery and NBC-defense Inspectorate[36]
    • Secretariat and Personnel Office
    • Studies, Regulations, Schools Office -> disbanded
    • General Officer Field Artillery
    • General Officer Anti-aircraft Artillery
      • Anti-aircraft Artillery Office
      •   Anti-aircraft Artillery School, in Sabaudia
        • Command Unit, in Sabaudia
        • I Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, in Sabaudia
        • Cadets Group, in Sabaudia
        • Logistic Unit, in Sabaudia
      • Artillery Electronic Technicians School, in Rome -> disbanded

Engineering InspectorateEdit

  • Engineering Inspectorate, in Rome[39]
    • Secretariat and Personnel Office
    • I Office: Regulations, Training and Schools -> Training and Studies Office
    • II Office: Studies and Experiences -> Research and Army General Staff Studies Office
    • III Office: Works and Property -> Works and Property Office
    • General Officer Engineering -> Deputy-Inspector Engineering
      •   Pioneer Engineering School, in Rome-Cecchignola ->   Engineering School[40]
        • new: Command and Services Company, in Rome-Cecchignola
        • I Courses Battalion, in Rome-Cecchignola -> 1st Complement Officer Cadets Battalion
        • II Specialized Cadets Battalion, in Rome-Cecchignola -> 2nd Specialized Cadets Battalion
        • III Specialized Cadets Battalion, in Rome-Cecchignola -> 3rd Specialized Cadets Battalion
        • IV Training Battalion, in Rome-Cecchignola -> 4th Pioneer Cadets Battalion

Signal InspectorateEdit

  • Signal Inspectorate, in Rome[41]
    • Secretariat and Personnel Office
    • I Office: Studies, Regulations, Materiels, and Electronic Warfare -> Training and Studies Office
    • II Office: Plans, Procedures, and Cypher -> Plans, Procedures, and Cypher Office
    • III Office: Telecommunications -> Telecommunications Office
      • X Signal Battalion, in Rome (supports the Defense Ministry ->   10th Signal Battalion "Lanciano"[42] (assigned the war flag of the 3rd Engineer Regiment (telegraphers))[43]
      • XI Signal Battalion, in Bologna ->   11th Signal Battalion "Leonessa" (granted a new war flag) ʘ-> Civitavecchia[44][45]
    •   Armed Forces Telecommunications School, in Chiavari[46]
      • new: Command and Services Company, in Chiavari
      • Cadets Battalion, in Chiavari
    • General Officer Signals -> Deputy-Inspector Signals
      •   Signal School, in Rome-Cecchignola[47]
        • new: Command and Services Company, in Rome-Cecchignola
        • I Courses Battalion, in Rome-Cecchignola -> 1st Complement Officer Cadets Battalion
        • II Specialized Cadets Battalion, in Rome-Cecchignola -> 2nd Specialized Cadets Battalion
        • III Specialized Cadets Battalion, in Rome-Cecchignola -> 3rd Specialized Cadets Battalion
      •   Electronic Defense Center, in Anzio (granted a new war flag)[48][49][19]
        • IX Electronic Warfare Battalion, in Anzio ->   9th Electronic Warfare Battalion "Rombo"[48] (granted a new war flag)[49][50]
        • SIGINT Unit, in Anzio ->   8th Signals Intelligence Battalion "Tonale"[48] (granted a new war flag)[49][51]
      •   Signal Specialists School, in San Giorgio a Cremano

NBC-defense InspectorateEdit

  • NBC-defense Inspectorate, in Rome -> disbanded[36][52]
    • Secretariat and Personnel Office
    • Civil Protection Support Advisory and Study Cell
    • NBC-Defense Department -> disbanded
      • Studies, Regulations, Training Office
      • Technical Instruction, Equipment Loads Office
      • NBC-Network Control Center Cell
      • Atomic Coordination Section
    • Armed Forces Atomic, Biological, Chemical Defense School, in Rieti -> Armed Forces Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Defense School --> Artillery and NBC-defense Inspectorate[53]
    • NBC-defense Battalion, in Rieti ->   1st NBC Battalion "Etruria" --> Artillery and NBC-defense Inspectorate[54]

Army Logistic InspectorateEdit

  • Army Logistic Inspectorate, in Rome[55]
    • Secretariat and Personnel Section
    • Coordination Office
    • Statistics-Data Processing-Coordination Office (STAMECO)
    • Studies Office
    • Arms, Ammunition, and NBC-defense Materiel Office
    • Engineering and Signal Materiel Office
    • Army Light Aviation Materiel Office
    • new: Supply Programs Office
    • new: Logistic Organization Office
    • Commissariat Materiel Office (coordinates with the Military Commissariat Service)
    • Motorization Materiel Office (coordinates with the Automotive Service)
    • Medical Materiel Office (coordinates with the Medical Service)
    • Veterinary Service Materiel Section (coordinates with the Military Veterinary Service)
    • Army Arsenal, in Naples[56]
    • Army Arsenal, in Piacenza[57]
    • Arms Factory, in Terni -> in 1978: Light Armament Military Plant[58]
    • Army Fuse Factory, in Torre Annunziata -> Terrestrial Ammunition Military Plant (Fuses Division)[59]
    • Army Pyrotechnics, in Capua -> Detached Section (Pyrotechnics Division) --> Terrestrial Ammunition Military Plant[60]
    • Army Powder Factory, in Fontana Liri[61]
    • Amy Precision Laboratory, in Rome -> in 1978: Electronic and Precision Materiels Military Plant[62]
    • Projecticles Filling Laboratory, in Madonna di Baiano -> Terrestrial Ammunition Military Plant[63]
    • 21st Signal Plant, in Rome -> in 1978: Military Engineering Plant[65]
    • 22nd Military Engineering Plant, in Pavia -> in 1978: Military Engineering Plant[66]
    • NBC-defense Materiel Directorate, in Rome -> NBC-defense Materiel Military Plant[67]
    • Military Chemical-Pharmaceutical Institute, in Florence -> in 1978: Chemical-Pharmaceutical Military Plant[68]
    • Army Tractor Repairs Workshop, in Piacenza -> in 1978: Detached Section Combat Vehicles Plant (Bologna) --> Combat Vehicles Plant[69]
    • Armored Vehicles Repairs Workshop, in Bologna -> in 1978: Combat Vehicles Plant[70]
    • Armored Vehicles Repairs Workshop, in Nola -> in 1978: Combat Vehicles Plant[71]
    • Graphic Workshop, in Gaeta -> Graphic Military Plant[72]
    • new: Arms and Ammunition Military Technical Center, in Rome[73]
    • Artillery Experiences Center, in Nettuno[74]
    • Engineering Technical Center, in Rome -> Engineering Military Technical Center[75]
    • Signal Technical Center, in Rome -> Signals Military Technical Center[76]
    • Commissariat Technical Center, in Turin -> Commissariat Military Technical Center[77]
    • Motorization Studies and Experiences Center, in Rome -> in 1978: Motorization Military Technical Center[78]
    • Vehicles and Spares Supply Center, in Turin[79]
    • Army Aero-photographic Reproduction Center, in Villafranca
    • Chemical, Physical, and Biological Technical Center, in Rome -> NBC-defense Military Technical Center ʘ-> Civitavecchia[80]
    • new: 4th Light Army Aviation Repairs Battalion, at Viterbo Air Base[81]

Office of the Inspector of Army Light AviationEdit

  • Office of the Inspector of Army Light Aviation, in Rome -> Army Light Aviation Inspectorate[82][83]
    • Secretariat and Personnel Office
    • I Flight-cooperation Office -> disbanded
    • II Training, Courses, Flight Safety, and Personnel Office -> disbanded
    • III Army Light Aviation Materiel and Experiences Office -> disbanded
    •   Army Light Aviation Training Center, at Viterbo Air Base -> Army Light Aviation Center[84][85]
      • Training Office -> Operations, Training, Information Office
      • Administration Office -> disbanded
      • Command Unit, at Viterbo Air Base -> Courses Unit
      • Flight Unit, at Viterbo Air Base -> Aircraft Unit
    • new:   1st Army Light Aviation Grouping "Antares", at Viterbo Air Base[86] (granted a new war flag)[87]
      • Medium Helicopter Battalion, at Viterbo Air Base (CH-47C Chinook helicopters) -> 11th Medium Transport Helicopters Squadrons Group "Ercole" and 12th Medium Transport Helicopters Squadrons Group "Gru"[86][87][88]
      • I General Use Helicopters Battalion, at Viterbo Air Base (AB 204/205 helicopters) -> 51st Multirole Helicopters Squadrons Group "Leone"[86][87][6]
    • XXX Light Aviation Battalion, at Padua Air Base (AB 204/205 helicopters -> III General Use Helicopters Battalion --> III Army Corps; on 19 February 1976 -> 53rd Multirole Helicopters Squadrons Group "Cassiopea"
    • new: 399th Light Airplanes Squadron, at Alghero Air Base (SISMI support)

III Army CorpsEdit

  •   III Army Corps, in Milan ->   3rd Army Corps
    • new: 3rd Army Corps Command Unit, in Milan
    •   Horse Artillery Regiment, in Milan[89]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Milan
      • I 155/23 Self-propelled Group, in Milan (M44 155mm self-propelled howitzers)[89]
      • II 155/23 Self-propelled Group, in Milan (M44 155mm self-propelled howitzers)[89]
      • III 155/23 Self-propelled Group, in Milan (M44 155mm self-propelled howitzers) -> III 155/45 Cannons Group -> M59 155mm towed howitzers[89]
      • Horse Battery (Ceremonial unit with horse-drawn 75/27 mod 12 cannons)[89]
    •   52nd Heavy Artillery Regiment, in Brescia -> disbanded[90][91]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Brescia -> disbanded
      • I 155/45 Cannons Group, in Brescia (M59 155mm towed howitzers) ->   52nd Field Artillery Group "Venaria" (assigned the war flag of the 52nd Artillery Regiment "Torino") -> M114 155mm towed howitzers --> Mechanized Brigade "Brescia"[90][91]
      • II 155/45 Cannons Group, in Brescia (M59 155mm towed howitzers) -> IV 155/45 Cannons Group (Reserve) / Horse Artillery Regiment ʘ-> Cremona[91]
      • III 155/45 Cannons Group (Reserve), in Brescia (M59 155mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded[91]
      • IV 203/25 Howitzers Group, in Brescia (M115 203mm towed howitzers) -> V 203/25 Howitzers Group / Horse Artillery Regiment[91]
      • V 203/25 Howitzers Group (Reserve), in Brescia (M115 203mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded[91][92]
    • III Artillery Specialists Group, in Milan -> 30th Artillery Specialists Group "Brianza" (Reserve - 1x company active and assigned to the Horse Artillery Regiment)
    • III Light Aviation Battalion, at Milan-Bresso Air Base (L-21B Super Cup) -> 23rd Light Airplanes and Helicopters Squadrons Group "Eridano"
    • III Army Corps Engineer Battalion, in Pavia ->   3rd Engineer Battalion "Lario"[93] (assigned the war flag of the 10th Engineer Regiment)[94]
    • III Army Corps Signal Battalion, in Milan ->   3rd Signal Battalion "Spluga"[95] (assigned the war flag of the 1st Radio Operators Regiment)[96]
    • III Army Corps Transport Group, in Milan ->   3rd Army Corps Transport Group "Fulvia" (granted a new war flag)
    • III Supply, Repairs, Recovery Battalion, in Milan -> 3rd Supply, Repairs, Recovery Battalion
    • 3rd Light Army Aviation Repairs Unit, at Orio al Serio Air Base --> Army Logistic Inspectorate[97]

Armored Division "Centauro"Edit

 
Armored Division "Centauro" 1975 reform changes
 

Infantry Division "Legnano"Edit

 
Infantry Division "Legnano" 1975 reform changes
 

Infantry Division "Cremona"Edit

 
Infantry Division "Cremona" 1975 reform changes
 
  •   Infantry Division "Cremona", in Turin ->   Motorized Brigade "Cremona"
    •   21st Infantry Regiment "Cremona", in Alessandria -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Company, in Alessandria -> disbanded
      • I Infantry Battalion, in Alessandria -> disbanded and equipment stored (In case of war would have been activated as 50th Motorized Infantry Battalion "Parma" and would have been assigned the war flag of the 50th Infantry Regiment "Parma")
      • II Infantry Battalion, in Alessandria ->   21st Motorized Infantry Battalion "Alfonsine" (assigned the war flag of the 21st Infantry Regiment "Cremona")[128]
      • III Infantry Battalion, in Asti -> Detachment 23rd Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Como" (BAR); in 1977 ->   4th Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Guastalla" (BAR) (assigned the war flag of the 4th Infantry Regiment "Piemonte") --> 3rd Army Corps
      • IV Mechanized Battalion, in Fossano (M113 armored personnel carriers and M47 tanks) ->   22nd Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Primaro" (BAR) (assigned the war flag of the 22nd Infantry Regiment "Cremona")[129]
      • Regimental Anti-tank Company, in (?) (anti-tank guided missiles and M47 tanks) -> disbanded
    •   22nd Armored Infantry Regiment "Cremona", in Turin -> disbanded[129]
    •   157th Infantry Regiment "Liguria", in Genoa -> disbanded
    •   7th Field Artillery Regiment, in Turin -> disbanded[134]
    • Squadrons Group "Nizza Cavalleria", in Pinerolo (Fiat Campagnola reconnaissance vehicles and M47 Patton tanks) ->   1st Armored Squadrons Group "Nizza Cavalleria" (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Nizza Cavalleria" (1st))[136]
    • Light Aviation Unit "Cremona", at Turin-Venaria Reale Air Base (L-19E Bird Dog light aircraft and AB 206 reconnaissance helicopters) -> disbanded
    • Engineer Battalion "Cremona", in Turin -> disbanded
    • Signal Battalion "Cremona", in Venaria Reale -> disbanded
    • new: Engineer Company "Cremona", in Pinerolo
    • new: Anti-tank Company "Cremona", in Turin
    • Services Grouping "Cremona", in Turin ->   Logistic Battalion "Cremona" (granted a new war flag)[137]
      • Command Platoon, in Turin
      • Supply, Repairs, Recovery Unit "Cremona", in Venaria Reale -> disbanded
      • Transport Unit "Cremona", in Turin -> disbanded
      • Medical Battalion "Cremona" (Reserve), in Turin -> disbanded
      • Provisions Supply Company "Cremona", in Turin -> disbanded
 
III Army Corps 1975 reform changes
 

IV Alpine Army CorpsEdit

  • IV Alpine Army Corps, in Bolzano -> 4th Alpine Army Corps[138]
    • new: 4th Alpine Army Corps Command Unit, in Bolzano
    •   2nd Alpini Regiment (CAR)[139], in Cuneo -> disbanded[140]
      • Command and Services Company, in Cuneo -> disbanded
      • Alpini Battalion "Orobica", in Cuneo ->   Alpini (Recruits Training) Battalion "Mondovì" (BAR) (assigned the war flag of the 1st Alpini Regiment) --> Alpine Brigade "Taurinense"[141][142]
      • Alpini Battalion "Tridentina", in Cuneo -> disbanded
      • Alpini Battalion "Taurinense", in Bra -> disbanded
    •   2nd Engineer Regiment, in Bolzano[143] -> disbanded[144]
      • Command and Services Company, in Bolzano -> disbanded
      • II Mining Engineer Battalion, in Bolzano ->   2nd Mining Engineer Battalion "Iseo" (assigned the war flag of the 2nd Engineer Regiment)[144]
      • IV Engineer Battalion, in Bolzano -> disbanded[144]
      • VII Engineer Battalion, in Riva del Garda -> disbanded[144]
      • XIV Army Corps Engineer Battalion, in Trento ->   4th Engineer Battalion "Orta"[145] (assigned the war flag of the 4th Engineer Regiment)[144][146]
      • 1st Cable Car Company, in Trento -> disbanded[144]
      • Mixed Photoelectric-Camouflage Company, in Trento -> disbanded
    •   Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd), in Meran -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Squadron, in Meran -> disbanded
      • I Squadrons Group, in Meran (M47 Patton tanks and M113 armored personnel carriers) ->   3rd Armored Squadrons Group "Savoia Cavalleria"[147] (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd))[148]
      • II Squadrons Group, in Meran (M47 Patton tanks and M113 armored personnel carriers) -> disbanded
      • III Squadrons Group, in Meran (M47 Patton tanks and M113 armored personnel carriers) -> disbanded
    •   4th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, in Trento (war flag of the 4th Army Corps Artillery Regiment)
      • Command and Services Battery, in Trento
      • I 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Trento (M114 155mm towed howitzers)
      • II 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Trento (M114 155mm towed howitzers)
      • III 155/23 Howitzers Group (Reserve), in Trento (M114 155mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded
      • IV 155/45 Cannons Group, in Trento (M59 155mm towed howitzers) (former II 155/45 Cannons Group / 9th Heavy Artillery Regiment, transferred in 1973)[92] -> (Reserve)
      • V 155/45 Cannons Group, in Trento (M59 155mm towed howitzers) (former III 155/45 Cannons Group / 9th Heavy Artillery Regiment, transferred in 1973)[92]
    • III Self-propelled Field Artillery Group, in Trento (M7 105mm self-propelled howitzers) ->   10th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Avisio" (assigned the war flag of the 10th Army Corps Artillery Regiment) -> M44 155mm self-propelled howitzers
    • IV Artillery Specialists Group, in Trento ->   4th Artillery Specialists Group "Bondone" (assigned the war flag of the 3rd Army Corps Artillery Regiment)
    • new:   4th Army Light Aviation Grouping "Altair", at Bolzano Air Base (granted a new war flag)
    • IV Light Aviation Battalion, at Bolzano Air Base (L-21B Super Cup) -> 24th Light Airplanes and Helicopters Squadrons Group "Orione" --> 4th Army Light Aviation Grouping "Altair"[31]
    • IV General Use Helicopters Battalion, at Bolzano Air Base(AB 204/205 helicopters) -> 54th Multirole Helicopters Squadrons Group "Cefeo" --> 4th Army Light Aviation Grouping "Altair"[31]
    • IV Army Corps Signal Battalion, in Bolzano ->   4th Signal Battalion "Gardena"[149] (assigned the war flag of the 2nd Radio Operators Regiment)[150]
    • IV Army Corps Transport Group, in Eppan ->   4th Army Corps Transport Group "Claudia" (granted a new war flag)
    • IV Supply, Repairs, Recovery Battalion, in Bolzano
    • VII Mechanized Carabinieri Battalion "Trentino-Alto Adige", in Laives (M47 Patton tanks and M113 APCs) -> 7th Carabinieri Battalion "M. O. Petruccelli" (granted a new war flag)
    • Alpini Paratroopers Company, in Bolzano[151][152]

Alpine Brigade "Taurinense"Edit

 
Alpine Brigade "Taurinense" 1975 reform changes
 

Alpine Brigade "Orobica"Edit

 
Alpine Brigade "Orobica" 1975 reform changes
 

Alpine Brigade "Tridentina"Edit

 
Alpine Brigade "Tridentina" 1975 reform changes
 

Carnia-Cadore Troops CommandEdit

  • Carnia-Cadore Troops Command, in San Daniele del Friuli -> disbanded
    • VII Army Corps Signal Battalion, in Bassano -> 7th Signal Company --> 4th Signal Battalion "Gardena"
    • VII Light Aviation Battalion, at Udine-Campoformido Air Base -> disbanded
Alpine Brigade "Cadore"Edit
 
Alpine Brigade "Cadore" 1975 reform changes
 
Alpine Brigade "Julia"Edit
 
Alpine Brigade "Julia" 1975 reform changes
 
 
IV Alpine Army Corps 1975 reform changes
 

V Army CorpsEdit

Armored Division "Ariete"Edit

 
Armored Division "Ariete" 1975 reform changes
 

Infantry Division "Folgore"Edit

 
Infantry Division "Folgore" 1975 reform changes
 

Infantry Division "Mantova"Edit

 
Infantry Division "Mantova" 1975 reform changes
 

Cavalry Brigade "Pozzuolo del Friuli"Edit

 
Cavalry Brigade "Pozzuolo del Friuli" 1975 reform changes
 
  •   Cavalry Brigade "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Gorizia ->   Armored Brigade "Pozzuolo del Friuli" ʘ-> Palmanova --> Mechanized Division "Mantova"[266]
    •   Regiment "Piemonte Cavalleria" (2nd), in Villa Opicina ->   Armored Brigade "Vittorio Veneto" --> Mechanized Division "Folgore"
      • Command and Services Squadron, in Villa Opicina -> Command and Signal Unit "Vittorio Veneto"
      • I Squadrons Group, in Villa Opicina (Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks and M113 APCs) ->   2nd Mechanized Squadrons Group "Piemonte Cavalleria" (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Piemonte Cavalleria" (2nd)) -> M113 APCs --> Armored Brigade "Vittorio Veneto"[267][268]
      • II Squadrons Group, in Sgonico (Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks and M113 APCs) ->   9th Tank Squadrons Group "Lancieri di Firenze" (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Lancieri di Firenze" (9th)) -> LeopardA2 1 main battle tanks --> Armored Brigade "Vittorio Veneto"[267][269]
      • III Squadrons Group, in Trieste (Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks and M113 APCs) -> disbanded
      • new: Anti-tank Squadron "Vittorio Veneto", in Banne
      • new: Engineer Company "Vittorio Veneto", in Cervignano del Friuli
    •   Regiment "Genova Cavalleria" (4th), in Palmanova -> disbanded[270][271]
      • Command and Services Squadron, in Palmanova -> disbanded
      • I Squadrons Group, in Palmanova (Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks and M113 APCs) ->   4th Mechanized Squadrons Group "Genova Cavalleria" (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Genova Cavalleria" (4th)) -> M113 APCs
      • II Squadrons Group, in Palmanova (Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks and M113 APCs) ->   28th Tank Squadrons Group "Cavalleggeri di Treviso" (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Cavalleggeri di Treviso" (28th)) -> Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks
      • III Squadrons Group, in Palmanova (Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks and M113 APCs) -> disbanded
    •   8th Self-propelled Field Artillery Regiment, in Palmanova -> disbanded[272]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Palmanova -> disbanded[272]
      • I Self-propelled Field Artillery Group, in Palmanova (M109G 155mm self-propelled howitzers) ->   120th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Po"[273] (assigned the war flag of the Motorized Artillery Regiment)
      • II Self-propelled Field Artillery Group, in Banne (M109G 155mm self-propelled howitzers) -> disbanded[272]
      • III Self-propelled Field Artillery Group, in Banne (M109G 155mm self-propelled howitzers) ->   8th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Pasubio"[273] (assigned the war flag of the 8th Artillery Regiment "Pasubio") --> Armored Brigade "Vittorio Veneto"[272]
    • Squadrons Group "Lancieri di Novara", in Codroipo (Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks) ->   5th Tank Squadrons Group "Lancieri di Novara" (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Lancieri di Novara" (5th))[274]
    • Light Aviation Unit "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Campoformido (L-19E Bird Dog) -> disbanded
    • new: Anti-tank Squadron "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Palmanova
    • Engineer Company "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Palmanova
    • Signal Company "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Gorizia -> Command and Signal Unit "Pozzuolo del Friuli" ʘ-> Palmanova
    • new:   Logistic Battalion "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Visco (granted a new war flag)[275]
    • Services Grouping "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Cervignano del Friuli ->   Logistic Battalion "Vittorio Veneto" (granted a new war flag) --> Armored Brigade "Vittorio Veneto"
      • Command Platoon, in Cervignano del Friuli
      • Supply, Repairs, Recovery Unit "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Cervignano del Friuli -> disbanded
      • Medical Battalion "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Cervignano del Friuli -> disbanded
      • Transport Unit "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Cervignano del Friuli -> disbanded
      • Provisions Supply Company "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Cervignano del Friuli -> disbanded

III Missile BrigadeEdit

 
III Missile Brigade 1975 reform changes
  •   III Missile Brigade, in Portogruaro ->   3rd Missile Brigade "Aquileia"
    • new: Command Unit "Aquileia", in Portogruaro
    •   3rd Missile Artillery Regiment, in Portogruaro -> disbanded[276]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Portogruaro -> disbanded[276]
      • I Missile Artillery Group, in Codognè (MGR-1 Honest John surface-to-surface missiles) (already disbanded 31 July 1973)[276]
      • II Missile Artillery Group, in Portogruaro (MGR-1 Honest John surface-to-surface missiles) -> disbanded[276]
      • III Missile Artillery Group, in Oderzo (MGR-1 Honest John surface-to-surface missiles) ->   3rd Missile Group "Volturno" (assigned the war flag of the 3rd Army Artillery Regiment) -> MGM-52 Lance[276]
      • IV Missile Artillery Group, in Elvas (MGR-1 Honest John surface-to-surface missiles) (already disbanded 31 July 1973)[276]
      • 1st Fusiliers Company, in Codognè
      • 2nd Fusiliers Company, in Portogruaro ʘ-> Vicenza --> 3rd Missile Brigade "Aquileia"
      • 3rd Fusiliers Company, in Oderzo
      • 4th Fusiliers Company, in Elvas --> 1st Heavy Artillery Group "Adige"
    • XIII Reconnaissance and Target Acquisition Group (GRACO), in Verona -> 13th Target Acquisition Group "Aquileia"[277]
    • III Missile Brigade Light Aviation Unit, at Verona-Boscomantico Air Base -> Air Component --> 13th Target Acquisition Group "Aquileia"
      • Light Airplanes Section (L-19E Bird Dog) -> 398th Light Airplanes Squadron -> SM.1019A planes
      • General Use Helicopters Section (AB-204B helicopters) -> 598th Multirole Helicopters Squadron
      • Maintenance Section -> Light Airplanes Maintenance Squadron
    • XIII Signal Battalion, in Portogruaro ->   13th Signal Battalion "Mauria" (granted a new war flag)
    • XIII Supply and Repairs Battalion, in Vicenza
    • XIV Heavy Artillery Group, in Trento (M115 203mm towed howitzers) ->   1st Heavy Artillery Group "Adige" (assigned the war flag of the 1st Army Artillery Regiment) ʘ-> Elvas
    • XV Heavy Artillery Group, in Verona (M115 203mm towed howitzers) ->   9th Heavy Artillery Group "Rovigo" (assigned the war flag of the 9th Army Artillery Regiment)[92]
    • XXI Engineer Battalion, in Vicenza ->   21st Engineer Battalion "Timavo"[278] (assigned the war flag of the 21st Engineer Regiment)[279]
    • new:   92nd Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Basilicata" (BAR), in Portogruaro (assigned the war flag of the 92nd Infantry Regiment "Basilicata")[280]

Trieste Troops CommandEdit

 
Trieste Troops Command 1975 reform changes
 
  •   Trieste Troops Command, in Trieste
    • new: Command and Services Platoon, in Trieste
    •   151st Infantry Regiment "Sassari", in Trieste -> disbanded[281], flag and traditions transferred to the II Battalion of the 152nd Infantry Regiment "Sassari"
      • Command and Services Company, in Trieste -> disbanded
      • I Infantry Battalion, in Trieste ->   1st Motorized Infantry Battalion "San Giusto" (assigned the war flag of the 1st Infantry Regiment "Re")[282]
      • II Infantry Battalion, in Trieste -> disbanded and equipment stored (In case of war would have been activated as 43rd Motorized Infantry Battalion "Forlì" and would have been assigned the war flag of the 43rd Infantry Regiment "Forlì")
      • III Infantry Battalion, in Trieste -> disbanded and equipment stored (In case of war would have been activated as 255th Motorized Infantry Battalion "Veneto" and would have been assigned the war flag of the 255th Infantry Regiment "Veneto")
      • Regimental Anti-tank Company, in Trieste (anti-tank guided missiles and M47 tanks) -> disbanded
    •   14th Field Artillery Regiment, in Trieste -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Battery, in Trieste -> disbanded
      • I Field Artillery Group, in Trieste (M14/61 105mm towed howitzers) ->   14th Field Artillery Group "Murge" (assigned the war flag of the 14th Artillery Regiment "Murge") -> M114 155mm towed howitzers
      • II Field Artillery Group, in Muggia (M14/61 105mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded
    • Engineer Platoon, in Trieste
    • Signal Platoon, in Trieste
    • Light Airplanes Section, at Trieste-Prosecco Heliport -> 554th Multirole Helicopters Squadron / 55th Multirole Helicopters Squadrons Group "Dragone" / 5th Army Light Aviation Grouping "Rigel"
    • Services Squad, in Trieste -> Provisions Supply Platoon
    • Carabinieri Squad, in Trieste
 
V Army Corps support units 1975 reform changes
 

Northwestern Military Region - I C.M.T.Edit

 
Northwestern Military Region 1975 reform changes
 
  • Northwestern Military Region - I C.M.T., in Turin (Regione Militare Nord Ovest (R.M.N.O.): Aosta, Liguria (minus La Spezia province), Lombardy (minus Brescia and Mantua provinces), and Piedmont regions)[283]
    • new: R.M.N.O. Command Unit, in Turin
    •   11th Infantry Regiment "Casale" (CAR), in Casale Monferrato -> disbanded
    •   89th Infantry Regiment "Salerno" (CAR), in Imperia -> disbanded[285], name, flag, and traditions transferred to the II Armored Troops Recruits Training Battalion of the Southern Military Region
    • Recruits Training Battalion "Como", in Como -> disbanded[289]
    • XLI Signal Battalion, in Turin ->   41st Signal Battalion "Frejus" (granted a new war flag)[290]
    • 1st Supply Unit, in Alessandria
    • 1st Mixed Transport Unit, in Turin -> 1st Mixed Maneuver Transport Unit[291]
    • 1st Army Repairs Workshop Type B, in Turin
    • 3rd Army Repairs Workshop Type A, in Milan
    • 1st Provisions Supply Company, in Turin
    • 1st Medical Company, in Milan
    • Main Military Hospital, in Milan
    • Military Hospital Type A, in Turin
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Genoa
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Brescia

Northeastern Military Region - V C.M.T.Edit

 
Italian Army military regions 1975
  • Northeastern Military Region - V C.M.T., in Padua (Regione Militare Nord Est (R.M.N.E.): Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige, and Veneto regions and the two Lombardy provinces Brescia and Mantova)[292]
    • new: R.M.N.E. Command Unit, in Padua
    • XXXI Signal Battalion, in Padua[293] -> disbanded
    • XXXII Signal Battalion, in Padua ->   32nd Signal Battalion "Valles" (granted a new war flag) --> 5th Army Corps[294][293]
    • XLII Signal Battalion, in Padua ->   42nd Signal Battalion "Pordoi" (granted a new war flag)
    • Mixed Electronic Warfare Company, in Conegliano ->   33rd Electronic Warfare Battalion "Falzarego" (granted a new war flag); 1 March 1979: --> 5th Army Corps[295][296]
    • 4th Supply Unit, in Verona
    • 5th Supply Unit, in Mestre
    • 4th Repairs Workshop Type A , in Verona
    • 5th Repairs Workshop Type A , in Dosson
    • 15th Repairs Workshop Type A , in Padua
    • 4th Provisions Supply Company, in Verona
    • 5th Provisions Supply Company, in Padua
    • 4th Medical Company, in Verona
    • 5th Medical Company, in Udine
    • Military Hospital Type A , in Verona
    • Military Hospital Type A, in Padua
    • Military Hospital Type A, in Udine
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Bolzano

Tuscan-Emilian Military Region - VII C.M.T.Edit

  • Tuscan-Emilian Military Region - VII C.M.T., in Florence (Regione Militare Tosco-Emiliana (R.M.T.E.): Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany regions, the Liguria province La Spezia, and the two Marche provinces Ancona and Pesaro-Urbino)[297]
    • new: R.M.T.E. Command Unit, in Florence
    •   28th Infantry Regiment "Pavia" (CAR), in Pesaro -> disbanded[298]
    •   84th Infantry Regiment "Venezia" (CAR), in Siena -> disbanded
    •   3rd Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, in Pisa[302] -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Battery, in Pisa -> disbanded
      • I 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Pisa (M114 155mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded
      • II 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Pisa (M114 155mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded
      • III 155/23 Howitzers Group (Reserve), in Lucca (M114 155mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded
      • IV 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Lucca (M114 155mm towed howitzers) -> disbanded
      • 3rd Artillery Specialists Battery, in Pisa -> disbanded
    •   8th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, in Modena[303] (war flag of the 8th Army Corps Artillery Regiment)
      • Command and Services Battery, in Modena
      • I 155/45 Cannons Group, in Modena (M59 155mm towed howitzers) -> IV 155/45 Cannons Group / 8th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment
      • II 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Ferrara (M114 155mm towed howitzers)
      • III 155/23 Howitzers Group (Reserve), in Modena (M114 155mm towed howitzers)
      • IV 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Piacenza (M114 155mm towed howitzers) (former II 155/23 Howitzers Group / 6th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, transferred in 1974) -> I 155/23 Howitzers Group / 8th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment
      • V 155/45 Cannons Group (Reserve), in Piacenza (M59 155mm towed howitzers) (former I 155/23 Howitzers Group / 6th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, transferred and switched to M59 155mm towed howitzers in 1974)
      • 8th Artillery Specialists Battery, in Modena -> disbanded
    •   2nd Bridge Engineer Regiment, in Piacenza[304] --> Engineering Inspectorate
      • Command and Services Company, in Piacenza -> Command and Services Platoon[304]
      • I Bridge Engineer Battalion, in Piacenza
      • II Bridge Engineer Battalion, in Legnago -> (Reserve)[304]
      • III Bridge Engineer Battalion, in Piacenza
    •   Railway Engineer Regiment, in Castel Maggiore[305] --> Engineering Inspectorate
      • Command and Services Company, in Castel Maggiore -> Command and Services Platoon
      • I Railway Engineer Battalion (Metal Bridges), in Castel Maggiore[305]
      • II Railway Engineer Battalion (Operations), in Turin (operated the Chivasso–Ivrea–Aosta railway)[305]
      • VI Army Corps Engineer Battalion, in Bologna -> disbanded[306][305]
    • XLIII Signal Battalion, in Florence ->   43rd Signal Battalion "Abetone" (granted a new war flag)[307]
    • 7th Supply Unit, in Sesto Fiorentino
    • 7th Mixed Transport Unit, in Coverciano -> 7th Mixed Maneuver Transport Unit[291]
    • 2nd Light Army Aviation Repairs Unit, at Borgo Panigale Air Base --> Army Logistic Inspectorate
    • 6th Army Repairs Workshop Type B, in Bologna
    • 7th Army Repairs Workshop Type A, in Coverciano
    • 7th Provisions Supply Company, in Florence
    • 7th Medical Company, in Florence
    • Military Hospital Type A, in Bologna
    • Military Hospital Type A, in Florence
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Livorno
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Piacenza

Infantry Brigade "Trieste"Edit

Infantry Brigade "Friuli"Edit

  •   Infantry Brigade "Friuli", in Florence ->   Motorized Brigade "Friuli"
    •   78th Infantry Regiment "Lupi di Toscana", in Scandicci -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Company, in Scandicci -> Command and Signal Unit "Friuli"
      • I Infantry Battalion, in Scandicci ->   78th Motorized Infantry Battalion "Lupi di Toscana" (assigned the war flag of the 78th Infantry Regiment "Lupi di Toscana")[315]
      • II Infantry Battalion, in Pistoia ->   87th Motorized Infantry Battalion "Senio" (assigned the war flag of the 87th Infantry Regiment "Friuli")[316]
      • III Infantry Battalion, in Scandicci -> disbanded and equipment stored (In case of war would have been activated as 35th Motorized Infantry Battalion "Pistoia" and would have been assigned the war flag of the 35th Infantry Regiment "Pistoia")
      • Regimental Anti-tank Company, in Scandicci (anti-tank guided missiles and M47 tanks) -> Anti-tank Company "Friuli"
    • XIX Armored Battalion, in Florence (M47 Patton tanks and M113 APCs) ->   19th Armored Battalion "M.O. Tumiati" (granted a new war flag)[317]
    • Field Artillery Group "Friuli", in Pistoia (M14/61 105mm towed howitzers) ->   35th Field Artillery Group "Riolo" (assigned the war flag of the 35th Artillery Regiment "Friuli") -> M114 155mm towed howitzers
    • Light Aviation Unit "Friuli", at Florence-Peretola Air Base (L-21B Super Cup) -> 27th Light Airplanes and Helicopters Squadrons Group "Mercurio" --> Tuscan-Emilian Military Region
    • Engineer Company "Friuli", in Florence
    • Signal Company "Friuli", in Florence --> Command and Signal Unit "Friuli"
    • Supply, Repairs, Recovery Unit "Friuli", in Coverciano ->   Logistic Battalion "Friuli" (granted a new war flag)[318]
    • Transport Unit "Friuli", in Coverciano --> Logistic Battalion "Friuli"[318]

Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore"Edit

 
Tuscan-Emilian Military Region 1975 reform changes
 

Central Military Region - VIII C.M.T.Edit

  • Central Military Region - VIII C.M.T., in Rome (Regione Militare Centrale (R.M.C.): Abruzzo, Lazio, Marche (minus Ancona and Pesaro provinces) Sardinia, and Umbria regions)[331][332]
    • new: R.M.C. Command Unit, in Rome
    •   80th Infantry Regiment "Roma" (CAR), in Orvieto -> disbanded[333]
    •   Regiment "Lancieri di Montebello" (8th), in Rome -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Squadron, in Rome -> disbanded
      • I Squadrons Group, in Rome (M47 Patton tanks and M113 APCs) ->   8th Armored Squadrons Group "Lancieri di Montebello" (assigned the war flag of the Regiment "Lancieri di Montebello" (8th))[337]
      • II Squadrons Group, in Rome (M47 Patton tanks and M113 APCs) -> disbanded
      • III Squadrons Group, in Rome (M47 Patton tanks and M113 APCs) -> disbanded
    • Recruits Training Battalion "Chieti", in Chieti -> Detachment 235th Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Piceno" (BAR)
    • XLIV Signal Battalion, in Rome ->   44th Signal Battalion "Penne"[338] (granted a new war flag)[339]
    • 8th Supply Unit, in Rome
    • 8th Mixed Transport Unit, in Rome -> 8th Mixed Maneuver Transport Unit[291]
    • 1st Light Army Aviation Repairs Unit, at Bracciano Air Base --> Army Logistic Inspectorate
    • 8th Army Repairs Workshop Type A, in Rome
    • 8th Provisions Supply Company, in Rome
    • 8th Medical Company, in Rome
    • Main Military Hospital, in Rome
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Chieti
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Perugia
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Anzio

Infantry Division "Granatieri di Sardegna"Edit

 
Divisione Fanteria "Granatieri di Sardegna" 1975 reform changes
 

Sardinia Military CommandEdit

  • Sardinia Military Command, in Cagliari (Comando Militare della Sardegna - C.M.S.: Sardinia region)[356]
    • new: C.M.S. Command Unit, in Cagliari
    •   152nd Infantry Regiment "Sassari" (CAR), in Sassari -> disbanded
    • Armored Units Training Ground, in Teulada ->   1st Armored Infantry Regiment[361] (assigned the war flag of the 1st Tank Infantry Regiment)
      • Command and Services Company, in Teulada
      • I Armored Battalion, in Teulada -> 1st Armored Battalion
      • II Armored Battalion (Reserve), in Teulada -> 2nd Armored Battalion (Reserve)
      • Transport Unit, in Teulada -> Logistic Unit
      • Special Medium Workshop, in Teulada --> Logistic Unit
      • General Use Helicopters Section, in Teulada -> 421st Reconnaissance Helicopters Squadron / 21st Light Airplanes and Helicopters Squadrons Group "Orsa Maggiore"
      • new: 170th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group (Reserve), in Teulada
    • C.M.S. Light Aviation Unit, at Cagliari-Elmas Air Base (L-21B Super Cup) -> 21st Light Airplanes and Helicopters Squadrons Group "Orsa Maggiore"
    • 12th Supply Unit, in Nuoro
    • 12th Mixed Transport Unit, in Cagliari -> 12th Mixed Maneuver Transport Unit[291]
    • 12th Army Repairs Workshop Type B, in Cagliari
    • 12th Provisions Supply Company, in Cagliari
    • 12th Medical Company, in Cagliari
    • C.M.S. Signal Company, in Cagliari -> 47th Signal Company[362]
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Cagliari
 
Central Military Region 1975 reform changes
 

Southern Military Region - X C.M.T.Edit

 
Southern Military Region 1975 reform changes
 
  • Regione Militare Meridionale - X C.M.T., in Naples (Regione Militare Meridionale (R.M.M.): Puglia, Basilicata, Calabria (minus Reggio Calabria province), Campania and Molise regions)[363]
    • new: R.M.M. Command Unit, in Naples
    •   48th Infantry Regiment "Ferrara" (CAR), in Bari -> disbanded[364]
    •   9th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, in Foggia -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Battery, in Foggia -> disbanded
      • I 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Foggia (M114 155mm towed howitzers) ->   9th Heavy Field Artillery Group "Foggia" (assigned the war flag of the 9th Army Corps Artillery Regiment)
      • II 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Barletta (M114 155mm towed howitzers) ->   2nd Heavy Field Artillery Group "Potenza" (assigned the war flag of the 2nd Army Corps Artillery Regiment)[368]
      • III 155/23 Howitzers Group, in Persano (M114 155mm towed howitzers) ->   11th Heavy Field Artillery Group "Teramo"[369] (assigned the war flag of the 11th Army Corps Artillery Regiment)[370]
      • 9th Artillery Specialists Battery, in Foggia -> disbanded
    • I Armored Troops Recruits Training Battalion, in Avellino ->   231st Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Avellino" (BAR) (assigned the war flag of the 231st Infantry Regiment "Avellino") --> Motorized Brigade "Pinerolo"[371]
    • II Armored Troops Recruits Training Battalion, in Salerno ->   89th Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Salerno" (BAR) (assigned the war flag of the 89th Infantry Regiment "Salerno")[285] --> Signal Specialists School[372]
    • Recruits Training Battalion "Sila", in Cosenza ->   244th Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Cosenza" (BAR) (assigned the war flag of the 244th Infantry Regiment "Cosenza")
    • XLV Signal Battalion, in Naples ->   45th Signal Battalion "Vulture" (granted a new war flag)[373]
    • 10th Supply Unit, in Naples
    • 10th Mixed Transport Unit, in Naples -> 10th Mixed Maneuver Transport Unit[291]
    • 9th Army Repairs Workshop Type B, in Bari
    • 10th Army Repairs Workshop Type A, in Naples
    • 10th Provisions Supply Company, in Naples
    • 10th Medical Company, in Bari
    • Military Hospital Type A, in Bari
    • Military Hospital Type A, in Caserta
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Naples
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Catanzaro

Infantry Brigade "Pinerolo"Edit

Sicily Military Region - XI C.M.T.Edit

 
Sicily Military Region 1975 reform changes
 
  • Sicily Military Region - XI C.M.T., in Palermo (Regione Militare della Sicilia (R.M.SI.): Sicily region and the Calabria province of Reggio Calabria)[380]
    • new: R.M.SI. Command Unit, in Palermo
    •   46th Infantry Regiment "Reggio" (CAR), in Palermo -> disbanded
    •   60th Infantry Regiment "Calabria" (CAR), in Trapani[382] -> disbanded
      • Command and Services Company, in Trapani -> disbanded
      • I Battalion, in Trapani ->   60th Infantry (Recruits Training) Battalion "Col di Lana" (BAR) (assigned the war flag of the 60th Infantry Regiment "Calabria")
      • II Battalion, in Trapani -> disbanded
      • III Battalion, in Trapani -> disbanded
    • 6th Signal Company, in Palermo -> 4 November 1975: 46th Signal Company -> 1 May 1976:   46th Signal Battalion "Mongibello"[383] (granted a new war flag)[384]
    • 11th Supply Unit, in Messina
    • 11th Mixed Transport Unit, in Palermo -> 11th Mixed Maneuver Transport Unit[291]
    • 11th Army Repairs Workshop Type B, in Palermo
    • 11th Provisions Supply Company, in Palermo
    • 11th Medical Company, in Palermo
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Palermo
    • Military Hospital Type B, in Messina
    • new: Garrison Detachment, on Pantelleria island

Infantry Brigade "Aosta"Edit

Anti-aircraft Artillery CommandEdit

 
Anti-aircraft Artillery Command 1975 reform changes
 

In peacetime the Anti-aircraft Artillery Command was under administrative control of the Artillery Inspectorate in Rome, in wartime it would have come under operational control of NATO's Allied Land Forces Southern Europe Command in Verona.

  •   Anti-aircraft Artillery Command, in Padua[396]
    • new: Command Unit, in Padua
    •   4th Anti-aircraft Missile Artillery Regiment, in Mantua[397]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Mantua
      • I Missile Group, in Ravenna (MIM-23 Hawk anti-aircraft missile systems)
      • II Missile Group, in Mantua (MIM-23 Hawk anti-aircraft missile systems)
      • 24th Signal Company, in Mantua
    •   5th Anti-aircraft Missile Artillery Regiment, in Mestre[398]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Mestre
      • I Missile Group, in San Donà di Piave (MIM-23 Hawk anti-aircraft missile systems)
      • II Missile Group, in Rovigo (MIM-23 Hawk anti-aircraft missile systems)
      • 25th Signal Company, in Mestre
    •   17th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment, in Brescia ->   17th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Sforzesca" (assigned the war flag of the 17th Artillery Regiment "Sforzesca") ʘ-> Villafranca[399][400]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Brescia -> Command Battery ʘ-> Villafranca
      • I Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, at Verona-Villafranca Air Base (L/70 40mm anti-aircraft cannons) -> 1st Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Battery / 17th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Sforzesca"[399]
      • II Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, at Treviso-Istrana Air Base (L/70 40mm anti-aircraft cannons) -> 3rd Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Battery / 17th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Sforzesca"[399]
      • IV Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, at Ghedi Air Base (L/70 40mm anti-aircraft cannons) -> 2nd Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Battery / 17th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Sforzesca"[399]
    •   18th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment, in Rimini -> disbanded[350], flag and traditions transferred to the I Field Artillery Group of the 13th Field Artillery Regiment
      • Command and Services Battery, in Rimini -> disbanded
      • I Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, in Rimini (L/70 40mm anti-aircraft cannons) -> III Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group --> 121st Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment "[401][350]
      • II Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, in Ferrara (L/70 40mm anti-aircraft cannons) -> IV Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group --> 121st Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment[401][350]
    •   121st Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment, in Bologna[401][402]
      • Command and Services Battery, in Bologna
      • I Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, in Bologna (L/70 40mm anti-aircraft cannons)
      • II Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group, in Reggio Emilia (L/70 40mm anti-aircraft cannons) ʘ-> Mestre on 10 March 1977
    • new: 21st Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Sparviero" (Reserve), in Villafranca (equipment of the disbanded groups of the 17th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment)
    • new: 22nd Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Alcione" (Reserve), in Bologna (equipment of the disbanded groups of the 17th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment)
    • Anti-aircraft Missiles Supply and Repairs Unit, in Montichiari
    • Anti-aircraft Artillery Materiel Supply and Repairs Unit, in Bologna

SourcesEdit

L'Esercito Italiano verso il 2000, a 6-tome book published by the Ufficio Storico (History Office) of the Italian army's General Staff is the main source for this article. The book contains the official history of every Italian army unit that was granted a war flag. The other main sources of this article are the presidential decrees from 12 November 1976, n. 846 and 14 March 1977, n. 173, with which the President of the Italian Republic awarded the units created in the 1975 reform their war flags and names. The third main source is the Circolare SME n. 350/151 del 4.8.1975 with which the Army General Staff informed all units of the changes affecting them during the reform.

ReferencesEdit

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