Istočno Sarajevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Источно Сарајево, "East Sarajevo") is a city located in Republika Srpska (RS), an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It consists of a few pre-war suburban parts of Sarajevo which are now in the Republika Srpska entity (east of Sarajevo), and newly built areas. As of 2013, it has a population of 61,516 inhabitants.
Location of Istočno Sarajevo within Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• City||1,450 km2 (560 sq mi)|
|• Density||42,4/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||(387) 57|
It was previously known as Srpsko Sarajevo (Српско Сарајево, "Serb Sarajevo") but the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina adjudicated its name change. With an area of 1450 km2, it is one of the largest municipalities in the Balkans.
The first civilian government in the territory of East Sarajevo was formed at the parliamentary session in the building of the local community Lukavica late summer of 1992. year. The commission organized by the Serbian municipality of Novo Sarajevo, headed by a Commissioner of the Presidency of the Republic of Srpska dr Dragan Đokanović, was held the Municipal Assembly of Srpsko Novo Sarajevo, consisting of the members of Serbian nationality, pre-war Sarajevo municipality of Novo Sarajevo. Invited members, elected in multiparty elections 1990th, elected municipal government.
Geography and climateEdit
East Sarajevo lies in the Sarajevo valley, in the middle of the Dinaric Alps. The city is surrounded by heavily forested hills and five major mountains. The highest of the surrounding peaks is Treskavica at 2,088 meters (6,850 ft), then Bjelašnica at 2,067 meters (6,781 ft), Jahorina at 1,913 meters (6,276 ft), Trebević at 1,627 meters (5,338 ft), with 1,502 meters (4,928 ft) Igman being the shortest. Last four are also known as Olympics mountains of Sarajevo (see also 1984 Winter Olympic Games in Sarajevo).
The Željeznica river is one of the city's chief geographic features. It flows through the city from south through the Trnovo, Kijevo, Krupac and Vojkovići, parts of East Sarajevo to west part of city and Sarajevo City where eventually meets up with the Bosna river.
East Sarajevo has a mild continental climate, lying between the climate zones of central Europe to the north and the Mediterranean to the south. The average yearly temperature is 9.5 °C, with January (-1.3 °C avg.) being the coldest month of the year and July (19.1 °C avg.) the warmest. The highest recorded temperature was 40.0 °C on 19 August 1946, while the lowest recorded temperature was −26.4 °C on 25 January 1942. On average, East Sarajevo has 68 summer days per year (temperature greater than or equal to 30.0 °C). The city typically experiences mildly cloudy skies, with an average yearly cloud cover of 59%. The cloudiest month is December (75% average cloud cover) while the clearest is August (37%). Moderate precipitation occurs fairly consistently throughout the year, with an average 170 days of rainfall. Suitable climatic conditions have allowed winter sports to flourish in the region, as exemplified by the Winter Olympics in 1984 that were celebrated in Sarajevo.
The municipalities of Istočno Sarajevo are:
According to the 2013 census results, the city of Istočno Sarajevo has a population of 61,516 inhabitants.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
The city of East Sarajevo is the administrative, industrial, commercial, financial and cultural center of the eastern part of Republika Srpska. The position of East Sarajevo is strategically important, located near the biggest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, City of Sarajevo. East Sarajevo is easily accessible, having an airport close to the city - Sarajevo International Airport, and being a point of intersection of numerous roads.
- Economic preview
The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||872|
|Mining and quarrying||45|
|Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning||486|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||413|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||2,193|
|Transportation and storage||523|
|Hotels and restaurants||1,173|
|Information and communication||300|
|Finance and insurance||204|
|Real estate activities||14|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||353|
|Administrative and support services||266|
|Public administration and defence||2,002|
|Healthcare and social work||1,048|
|Art, entertainment and recreation||658|
|Other service activities||374|
The Jahorina Mountain is one of the highest mountains of the Dinaric system. It is 30 kilometers long mountain range, with several peaks, of which the highest peak Ogorjelica is 1916 meters above sea level. From Sarajevo it is distanced 28, from Banja Luka 200, of Belgrade 320, and 350 kilometers from Zagreb. The Jahorina ski resort is located on the slopes of Jahorina Mountain.
With the international airport in Sarajevo Jahorina connects asphalt road, which is regularly held throughout the winter season. The planned construction of a new road from Sarajevo Jahorina over Trebević.
Also this city is a big volleyball center of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Men club OK Student Pale and women OK Jahorina Pale are competing in highest rank of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Premijer liga) with good results, and OK Mokro Mokro (Pale) and OK Slavija are competing in second rank (First league of Rep. Of Srpska)
The 2019 European Youth Olympic Winter Festival will be held in Sarajevo & Istočno Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina from 9 to 16 February 2019.
- "City Portal East Sarajevo City". Eastsarajevocity.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-20. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- City of East Sarajevo, Official Web site, History of the city Archived March 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Trnovo Municipality, Official Website". Trnovo-rs.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Sarajevo, BIH Weather". Weather.msn.com. 1999-12-31. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013. REZULTATI POPISA" (PDF). popis2013.ba (in Serbian). Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- Business center Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
- "Office for security of airport, East Sarajevo". Vasapolicija.ba. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Famos". Made-in-bosnia.org. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- "KK Slavija". Kkslavija.blogger.ba. Archived from the original on 2012-02-19. Retrieved 2012-04-06.