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Istaravshan (Tajik: Истаравшан; Persian: استروشن‎) is a city in Sughd Province in Tajikistan. Located in the northern foothills of the Turkistan mountain range, 78 kilometers southwest of Khujand, Before 2000, it was known as Ура́-Тюбе (Ura-Tyube) in Russian, Ӯротеппа (Ūroteppa) in Tajik and O‘ratepa in Uzbek.[3] In 2000, the Tajik authorities decided to rename the name of the city from O‘ratepa into Istaravshan, the process called as forced "Tajikization" or "Persification" by many.

Istaravshan

Истаравшан

استروشن
Overview of Modern Panjakent
Overview of Modern Panjakent
Istaravshan is located in Tajikistan
Istaravshan
Istaravshan
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 39°54′39″N 69°00′23″E / 39.91083°N 69.00639°E / 39.91083; 69.00639
Country Tajikistan
ProvinceSughd Province
Elevation992 m (3,255 ft)
Population
 (2019 est.)[2]
 • Total64,600
Time zoneUTC+5

Bordered by Uzbekistan in the north and west, and Kyrgyzstan in the east, the territorial area of Istaravshan stretches 1,830 square kilometers, and with an administrative population of 199,000 people, the majority of its citizens live in the outlying countryside.

The city lies on the main road connecting Tajikistan's two largest cities, Khujand and Dushanbe.

Coordinates: 39°54′39″N 69°00′23″E / 39.91083°N 69.00639°E / 39.91083; 69.00639

ClimateEdit

Istaravshan has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). There is more rainfall in winter than in summer. The average annual temperature in Istaravshan is 12.2 °C (54.0 °F). About 485 mm (19.09 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Istaravshan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
5.3
(41.5)
11.2
(52.2)
18.9
(66.0)
24.5
(76.1)
30.2
(86.4)
32.8
(91.0)
31.4
(88.5)
26.7
(80.1)
19.1
(66.4)
11.2
(52.2)
5.4
(41.7)
18.3
(65.0)
Average low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.8
(35.2)
7.6
(45.7)
11.5
(52.7)
15.3
(59.5)
17.3
(63.1)
15.3
(59.5)
10.3
(50.5)
5.3
(41.5)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
6.2
(43.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56
(2.2)
53
(2.1)
81
(3.2)
80
(3.1)
60
(2.4)
12
(0.5)
6
(0.2)
1
(0.0)
6
(0.2)
38
(1.5)
38
(1.5)
54
(2.1)
370
(14.6)
Source: climate-data.org

Istaravshan on stampsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Climate of Vose'". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  2. ^ Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Committee of Statistics, Dushanbe, 2008 (in Russian)
  3. ^ "Istaravshan". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2019-12-11.