List of Israeli inventions and discoveries

This is a list of inventions and discoveries by Israeli scientists and researchers, working locally or overseas. There are over 6,000 startups currently in Israel.[1][2][3][4][5] There are currently more than 30 technology companies valued over US$1 billion (unicorn startups) in Israel,[6] more than all of Europe combined.[7]

Drip irrigation at an Israeli nursery
Rooftop solar hot-water system
Iron Dome rocket interception system

MathematicsEdit

ScienceEdit

ChemistryEdit

PhysicsEdit

OpticsEdit

MedicineEdit

EconomicsEdit

BiotechnologyEdit

Theoretical computer scienceEdit

ComputingEdit

Computer hardwareEdit

 
USB flash drive, originally marketed as the DiskOnKey

Computer and mobile softwareEdit

RoboticsEdit

  • ReWalk a bionic walking assistance system that enables paraplegics to stand upright, walk and climb stairs.
  • Development of robotic guidance system for spine surgery by Mazor Robotics.

DefenseEdit

 
IMI Tavor TAR-21

Agriculture and breedingEdit

  • The cherry tomato (Tomaccio) was developed by several Israeli laboratories, the dominant ones being those led by Professor Nahum Keidar and Professor Chaim Rabinovitch from the Agriculture Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot Campus.[169][170]
  • Watergen - an Israeli company that develops products that generate high quality drinking water from air, without needing a source of water such as a well, river, stream, ocean etc.[171][172][173][174][175] Watergen products are being used worldwide,[176] including in Hamas controlled Gaza Strip,[177] Columbia,[178] and Native American communities.[179] Israel recently signed a deal with the UAE to license Watergen technology.[180] Watergen won the CES’s Best Innovation Technology Award for its technology.[181][182][183][184]
  • Drip irrigation systems – The huge worldwide industry of modern drip irrigation all began when Israeli engineer Simcha Blass noticed a tree growing bigger than its neighbors in the Israeli desert, and found that it was fed by a leaking water pipe. Netafim, the company founded in 1965 to commercialize his idea, is recognized as the worldwide pioneer in smart drip- and micro-irrigation. It has revolutionized the agricultural industry.[185]
  • Hybrid cucumber seeds – In the 1950s, Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute developed hybrid seed production of cucumbers and melons, disease-resistant cucumbers and cucumbers suitable for mechanical harvesting. Galun and his colleagues invented a technique for producing hybrid cucumber seeds without hand pollination.[186]
  • Grain cocoons – invented by international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro, the GrainPro Cocoons provide a simple and cheap way for African and Asian farmers to keep their grain market-fresh, as huge bags keep both water and air out, making sure the harvest is clean and protected even in extreme heat and humidity.[187]
  • Biological pest control – invented in Kibbutz Sde Eliyahu by a company called Bio-Bee, it breeds beneficial insects and mites for biological pest control and bumblebees for natural pollination in greenhouses and open fields. The company's top seller worldwide and especially in the U.S. is a two-millimeter-long, pear-shaped orange spider that is a highly efficient enemy of the spider mite, a devastating agricultural pest.[187]
  • AKOL – a Kibbutz-based company which gives low-income farmers the ability to get top-level information from professional sources.[187]
  • Mirtra – a Tal-Ya Water Technologies agricultural technology invention. A unique, patented polypropelyne Mitra system that covers the plant’s root system, directing water and fertilizer directly to the root, while protecting the earth around the root from weeds and extreme temperatures, reducing the need to water crops by up to 50 percent. It also reduces fertilizer needs by 50% and functions as an alternative to herbicide (weed-killer).[187][188]
  • "Zero-liquid-discharge" system – an invention of the Israeli GFA company which allows fish to be raised virtually anywhere by eliminating the environmental problems in conventional fish farming, without being dependent on electricity or proximity to a body of water.[187]
  • TraitUP – a new technology that enables the introduction of genetic materials into seeds without modifying their DNA, immediately and efficiently improving plants before they're even sowed. It was developed by Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch.[187]
  • Judean date palm – oldest seed ever to be revived, restoring an extinct cultivar.
  • Golden hamster – first domesticated for pet use by a Hebrew University of Jerusalem zoologist in 1930

EnergyEdit

  • Super iron battery – A new class of a rechargeable electric battery based on a special kind of iron. More environment friendly because the super-iron eventually rusts, it was developed by Stuart Licht.[189] of the University of Massachusetts.[190]
  • The world’s first gas turbine solar thermal power station, by Israeli company AORA

Consumer goods and appliancesEdit

  • SodaStream
  • Epilator (originally "Epilady") – an feminine beauty product. It was developed and originally manufactured at Kibbutz HaGoshrim.[191][192]
  • Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.[193]
  • Micronized coating instant hot water pipes developed by A.C.T.[194]

GamesEdit

Food and drinkEdit

  • Ptitim, also called Israeli couscous worldwide, is a wheat-based baked pasta. It was initially invented during the austerity period in Israel when Rice and Semolina were scarce.
  • Safed cheese or Tzfat cheese is a semi-hard, salty cheese produced in Israel from sheep's milk. It was first produced by the Hameiri dairy in Safed in 1840 and is still produced there by descendants of the original cheese makers.
  • Jerusalem mixed grill is a grilled meat dish considered a specialty of Jerusalem. It consists of chicken hearts, spleens and livers mixed with bits of lamb cooked on a flat grill, seasoned with onion, garlic, juniper berries, black pepper, cumin, turmeric and coriander
  • Sabich is a sandwich, consisting of a pita stuffed with fried eggplant and hard-cooked eggs. Local consumption is said to have stemmed from a tradition among Iraqi Jews, who ate it on Shabbat morning.
  • Shkedei marak is an Israeli food product consisting of crisp mini croutons used as a soup accompaniment.[199]
  • Karat Caviar is a Russian Osetra caviar brand farmed in the Golan and has won several international awards. The Russian Osetra fingerlings were imported from the Caspian Sea.[200][201]
  • Bamba (snack) is a peanut butter-flavored snack food manufactured by the Osem corporation in Holon, Israel.[202]
  • Bissli is an Israeli wheat snack produced by Nestle-owned Osem. Bissli is Osem's leading snack brand after Bamba.[203]

Physical exerciseEdit

OtherEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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"Ridiculous Dietary Allowance" S.Hickey PhD H. Roberts PhD. pp. 107–111.

External linksEdit