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List of Israeli inventions and discoveries

Drip irrigation at an Israeli nursery
Rooftop solar hot-water system
A laser projection keyboard used with a tablet.
Iron Dome rocket interception system

This is a list of inventions and discoveries by Israeli scientists and researchers, working locally or overseas. According to Joel Landau, there are over 6,000 startups currently in Israel.[1]





Model of quasicrystals, discovered by Nobel prize winner Dan Shechtman of the Technion


Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation



Pillcam endoscopic capsule developed by Given Imaging



Theoretical computer scienceEdit


Computer hardwareEdit

USB flash drive, originally marketed as the DiskOnKey

Computer and mobile softwareEdit

  • Babylon, a single-click computer translation, dictionary and information source utility program, developed by Amnon Ovadia.[40]
  • GetTaxi, an application that connects between customers and taxi drivers using the its proprietary GPS system, enabling users to order a cab either with their smartphone or through the company's website. It was founded by Israeli entrepreneurs Shahar Waiser and Roi More.[41]
  • ICQ, an Instant Messaging software developed initially in 1996 by the Israeli company Mirabilis[42] and later procured by AOL.
  • Mobileye, vision-based advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) providing warnings for collision prevention and mitigation.[43] Many companies developing autonomous vehicles, such as BMW, rely on Mobileye's technology.
  • OrCam MyEye, is a portable, artificial vision device that allows the visually impaired to understand text and identify objects through audio feedback describing what such people are unable to see.[44]
  • Umoove, a high-tech startup company that invented a software only solution for face and eye tracking is located in Israel.[45]
  • Viber, a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging voice-over-Internet Protocol application for smartphones.[46] Developed by American-Israeli entrepreneur Talmon Marco, Viber reached 200 million users in May 2013.
  • Waze, a GPS-based geographical navigation application program for smartphones with GPS support and display screens, which provides turn-by-turn information and user-submitted travel times and route details, downloading location-dependent information over the mobile telephone network.[47] Waze Ltd., which was founded in 2008 in Israel by Uri Levine, software engineer Ehud Shabtai and Amir Shinar, and is now available in over 100 countries, was acquired by Google for a reported $1.1 billion.[citation needed]
  • WeCU (pronounced 'We See You') Technologies, is a technology able to pickup, analyze, and identify people in real time. WeCU is being implemented in airports around the world to help identify potential terrorists.[48][49]


  • ReWalk a bionic walking assistance system that enables paraplegics to stand upright, walk and climb stairs.
  • Development of robotic guidance system for spine surgery by Mazor Robotics.


IMI Tavor TAR-21

Agriculture and breedingEdit

  • Golden hamster – first domesticated for pet use by a Hebrew University of Jerusalem zoologist in 1930
  • Drip irrigation systems – The huge worldwide industry of modern drip irrigation all began when Israeli engineer Simcha Blass noticed a tree growing bigger than its neighbors in the Israeli desert, and found that it was fed by a leaking water pipe. Netafim, the company founded in 1965 to commercialize his idea, is recognized as the worldwide pioneer in smart drip- and micro-irrigation. It has revolutionized the agricultural industry.[58]
  • Hybrid cucumber seeds – In the 1950s, Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute developed hybrid seed production of cucumbers and melons, disease-resistant cucumbers and cucumbers suitable for mechanical harvesting. Galun and his colleagues invented a technique for producing hybrid cucumber seeds without hand pollination.[59]
  • Grain cocoons – invented by international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro, the GrainPro Cocoons provide a simple and cheap way for African and Asian farmers to keep their grain market-fresh, as huge bags keep both water and air out, making sure the harvest is clean and protected even in extreme heat and humidity.[60]
  • Biological pest control – invented in Kibbutz Sde Eliyahu by a company called Bio-Bee, it breeds beneficial insects and mites for biological pest control and bumblebees for natural pollination in greenhouses and open fields. The company's top seller worldwide and especially in the U.S. is a two-millimeter-long, pear-shaped orange spider that is a highly efficient enemy of the spider mite, a devastating agricultural pest.[60]
  • AKOL – a Kibbutz-based company which gives low-income farmers the ability to get top-level information from professional sources.[60]
  • Reusable plastic trays – a Tal-Ya Water Technologies invention used to collect dew from the air, reducing the need to water crops by up to 50 percent.[60]
  • "Zero-discharge" system – an invention of the Israeli GFA company which allows fish to be raised virtually anywhere by eliminating the environmental problems in conventional fish farming, without being dependent on electricity or proximity to a body of water.[60]
  • TraitUP – a new technology that enables the introduction of genetic materials into seeds without modifying their DNA, immediately and efficiently improving plants before they're even sowed. It was developed by Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch.[60]
  • Judean date palm – oldest seed ever to be revived, restoring an extinct cultivar
  • The Tomaccio cherry tomato was developed by several Israeli laboratories, the dominant ones being those led by Professor Nahum Keidar and Professor Chaim Rabinovitch from the Agriculture Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot Campus.[61][62]


  • Super iron battery – A new class of a rechargeable electric battery based on a special kind of iron. More environment friendly because the super-iron eventually rusts, it was developed by Stuart Licht.[63] of the University of Massachusetts.[64]

Consumer goods and appliancesEdit

  • Epilator (originally "Epilady") – an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out. It was developed and originally manufactured at Kibbutz HaGoshrim.[65][66]
  • Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.[67]
  • Micronized coating instant hot water pipes developed by A.C.T.[68]


Food and drinkEdit

  • Ptitim, also called Israeli couscous worldwide, is a wheat-based baked pasta. It was initially invented during the austerity period in Israel when Rice and Semolina were scarce.
  • Safed cheese or Tzfat cheese is a semi-hard, salty cheese produced in Israel from sheep's milk. It was first produced by the Hameiri dairy in Safed in 1840 and is still produced there by descendants of the original cheese makers.
  • Jerusalem mixed grill is a grilled meat dish considered a specialty of Jerusalem. It consists of chicken hearts, spleens and livers mixed with bits of lamb cooked on a flat grill, seasoned with onion, garlic, juniper berries, black pepper, cumin, turmeric and coriander
  • Sabich is a sandwich, consisting of a pita stuffed with fried eggplant and hard-cooked eggs. Local consumption is said to have stemmed from a tradition among Mizrahi Jews, who ate it on Shabbat morning.
  • Karat Caviar is a Russian Osetra caviar brand farmed in the Golan and has won several international awards. The Russian Osetra fingerlings were imported from the Caspian Sea.[74][75]
  • Limonana is a lemonade enriched with spearmint leaves
  • Bamba (snack) is a peanut butter-flavored snack food manufactured by the Osem corporation in Holon, Israel.[76]
  • Watergen, is an Israeli developed device that offers a low cost method of extracting water from air.[77][78][79][80]

Physical exerciseEdit

See alsoEdit


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"Ridiculous Dietary Allowance" S.Hickey PhD H. Roberts PhD. pp. 107–111.

External linksEdit