Israeli Transverse Mercator

Israeli Transverse Mercator (ITM), also known as the New Israel Grid (NIG; Hebrew: רשת ישראל חדשה, רשת ישראל החדשהReshet Yisra'el Ha-Ḥadasha) is the new geographic coordinate system for Israel. The name is derived from the transverse Mercator projection it uses and the fact that it is optimized for Israel. ITM has replaced the old coordinate system Israeli Cassini Soldner (ICS), also known as the Old Israel Grid (OIG). It became the official grid for Israel in 1998.[1]

Israeli Transverse Mercator - ITM

The need for a new gridEdit

ITM replaced the Old Israel Grid (OIG) (Hebrew: רשת ישראל ישנה‎), also known as the Israel Cassini Soldner (ICS), which was based on the Cassini-Soldner projection. ICS in turn was a simple modification of the Palestine grid used during the British mandate. The central meridian in the new projection, as in the old one, crosses through Jerusalem. The new grid has two main advantages. One is that the Transverse Mercator projection is better for navigation than Cassini-Soldner. The other is that ICS was based on a 19th-century reference ellipsoid (approximation of the shape of the Earth) and this was replaced by a more accurate approximation.

Additional information on the creation of the new grid is available in Hebrew.[2]

ExamplesEdit

An ITM coordinate is generally given as a pair of six digit numbers (excluding any digits behind a decimal point which may be used in very precise surveying). The first number is always the Easting and the second is the Northing. The easting and northing are in metres from the false origin.

The ITM coordinate for the Western Wall at Jerusalem is 222286 632556, which means

E 222286 m
N 631556 m

The first figure is the easting and means that the location is 222,286 meters east from the false origin (along the X axis). The second figure is the northing and puts the location 631,556 meters north of the false origin (along the Y axis). Also notice how the easting in this example is indicated with an “E” and likewise an “N” for the northing.

The table below shows the same coordinate in 3 different grids:

Grid Easting Northing
ITM (Israeli Transverse Mercator) 222286 631556
ICS (Israeli Cassini-Soldner) 172249 1131586
UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) 711563 3518045

Grid ParametersEdit

The ITM coordinate system is defined[3] by the following parameters:

Projection

Transverse Mercator

Reference ellipsoid

Ellipsoid GRS80
Semi-major axis a 6378137.000 meter
Inverse flattening (1/f) 298.257222100882711

Origin Point

Latitude 31° 44' 03.8170" N
Longitude 35° 12' 16.2610" E

False Origin

False Easting 219529.584 meter
False Northing 626907.390 meter
Scale Factor 1.0000067

Parameters for conversion to WGS84Edit

Reference ellipsoid

Ellipsoid WGS84
a 6378137 meter
1/f 298.257223563

Shift

dX -24.0024 meter
dY -17.1032 meter
dZ -17.8444 meter

Rotation

X -0.33077 sec
Y -1.85269 sec
Z 1.66969 sec

Scale

Scale 5.4248 ppm

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Survey of Israel. "Important dates in the history of the Survey of Israel".
  2. ^ "New Grid for Israel", in Hebrew, retrieved September 27, 2007, about the New Israeli Grid, published by the Mapping Center of Israel (MAPI) in the official website
  3. ^ Survey Regulations 2016, p. 36 (1378)

External linksEdit