Israeli Basketball Premier League

  (Redirected from Israeli Basketball Super League)

Ligat HaAl (Hebrew: ליגת העל‎, lit., Supreme League or Premier League), or the Israeli Basketball Premier League, is the top-tier level league of professional competition in Israeli club basketball, making it Israel's primary basketball competition. The league's name is abbreviated as either BSL (Basketball Super League) or ISBL (Israeli Basketball Super League). For sponsorship reasons, the league is also referred to as Ligat Winner Sal (Hebrew: ליגת ווינר סל‎), lit. Winner Sal League, with "Winner" being the name of a game operated by the league's primary sponsor, Toto Winner, and "Sal" meaning basket.[1]

Israeli Basketball Premier League
Official logo of the Israeli Basketball Premier League.png
Founded1953; 68 years ago (1953)
First season1953–54
CountryIsrael
ConfederationFIBA Europe
Number of teams13
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toLiga Leumit
Domestic cup(s)State Cup
SupercupLeague Cup
International cup(s)EuroLeague
EuroCup
Champions League
Europe Cup
Current championsMaccabi Tel Aviv
(54th title)
Most championshipsMaccabi Tel Aviv
(54 titles)
CEOShmuel Frenkel
TV partnersSport 5
Websitebasket.co.il
2020–21 Israeli Basketball Premier League

The league is run by the Israeli Basketball Super League Administration Ltd.[2]

OverviewEdit

Ligat HaAl comprises the top twelve basketball clubs in Israel, and was founded in 1954.

The league itself is most known in Europe, due to the success of the Israeli teams in European-wide competitions, such as the EuroLeague, EuroCup (formerly called the ULEB Cup), and FIBA's EuroChallenge (formerly called the FIBA EuroCup). Many non-drafted and free agent players from Europe and the NBA play in the Israeli league, as an alternative to NBA competition.

The league is the first division in Israeli basketball: the team that finishes last in a season is relegated to the Second Division, while the Second Division's top 8 teams compete in a play-off system right after the end of the regular season, with the team that reaches the finals series being promoted to the Premier League for the following season.

FormatEdit

There are 13 teams in the league and they play against each other thrice. The top eight teams advance to the five game series Quarter-finals. The winners of the Quarter-finals advance to the Final Four.[3]

Links with the NBAEdit

During the 1980s and the early 1990s there were many basketball games between the Israeli League stars and NBA teams such as the Phoenix Suns, the Cleveland Cavaliers, the Orlando Magic, and the Los Angeles Lakers, all of which were played in Israel.

In October 2005, Maccabi Tel Aviv defeated the Toronto Raptors 105–103 in an exhibition game that was played in Toronto, Canada; this was the first victory for any European or Israeli team over an NBA team at its home court.

Over the years, the league has exported many of its foreign players to the NBA. In 2009, Omri Casspi became the first Israeli-born NBA player with the Sacramento Kings. Prior to that, three players have been drafted: Doron Sheffer (who played U.S. college basketball at Connecticut), Yotam Halperin and Lior Eliyahu. Oded Kattash agreed to play with the New York Knicks, but he never actually played in the NBA because of the 1998–99 NBA season lockout that started on July 1, 1998.

In the 2009 NBA Draft, Omri Casspi was selected 23rd overall by the Sacramento Kings, and Gal Mekel followed in 2013 by signing with Dallas Mavericks. In 2016, Dragan Bender became the highest selection from the Israeli Basketball Premier League to be selected in an NBA draft with the Phoenix Suns taking him at 4th overall. Other players who have moved from the league to the NBA include: Will Bynum, Anthony Parker, Roger Mason Jr., Eugene "Pooh" Jeter, Carlos Arroyo, and Nate Robinson.

In 2016, Amar'e Stoudemire retired from the NBA, however on August 1, 2016, he signed a two-year deal with Hapoel Jerusalem, a team he co-owns.[4] On October 1, 2016, he helped Hapoel Jerusalem win the 2016 Israeli Basketball League Cup.[5] He also played for Maccabi Tel Aviv during the 2019-20 season, helping them win the 2019–20 Israeli Basketball Premier League championship. He was named MVP of the championship game.[6]

In 2020 two players declared for the NBA draft. The first being Deni Avdija from Maccabi Tel Aviv and the second being Yam Madar from Hapeol Tel Aviv. Avdija was selected in the first round, 9th overall, by the Washington Wizards, and Madar was taken in the second round with the 47th pick of the draft by the Boston Celtics.

High-profile American Jewish recruitsEdit

In 2011, the league imposed a limit of four non-Israelis per team.[7] Jews are immediately eligible for Israeli citizenship, under Israel's Law of Return.[7] Consequently, non-Israeli Jewish basketball players are able to join a team in the league without using up one of the few roster spots available for non-Israeli players.[7]

Examples of Jewish Americans joining teams in the league include Jon Scheyer, Jordan Farmar, Sylven Landesberg, David Blu, Amar'e Stoudemire, and Dan Grunfeld.[7]

Current clubsEdit

Team City Color
Bnei Herzliya Herzliya    
Hapoel Be'er Sheva Be'er Sheva    
Hapoel Eilat Eilat    
Hapoel Gilboa Galil Gilboa Regional Council    
Hapoel Haifa Haifa    
Hapoel Holon Holon    
Hapoel Jerusalem Jerusalem    
Hapoel Tel Aviv Tel Aviv    
Ironi Nahariya Nahariya    
Ironi Nes Ziona Ness Ziona    
Maccabi Haifa Haifa    
Maccabi Rishon LeZion Rishon LeZion    
Maccabi Tel Aviv Tel Aviv    

Titles by teamEdit

Team Champions Runner-Up
Maccabi Tel Aviv 54 8
Hapoel Tel Aviv 5 20
Hapoel Jerusalem 2 6
Hapoel Galil Elyon / Hapoel Gilboa Galil 2 3
Maccabi Haifa 1 3
Hapoel Holon 1 3
Maccabi Rishon LeZion 1 2
Hapoel Ramat Gan 0 6
Ironi Ramat Gan 0 3
Hapoel Gvat/Yagur 0 3
Hapoel Haifa 0 2
Hapoel Eilat 0 2
Elitzur Netanya 0 1
Maccabi Ironi Ra'anana 0 1
Ironi Nahariya 0 1
Maccabi Ashdod 0 1

Title holdersEdit

FinalsEdit

Season Champion Runner-up Score Format
1953–54 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Holon Regular season only
1954–55
1955–56 Cancelled due to war
1956–57 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1957–58
1958–59
1959–60 Hapoel Tel Aviv Maccabi Tel Aviv
1960–61
1961–62 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Haifa
1962–63 Hapoel Tel Aviv
1963–64
1964–65 Hapoel Tel Aviv Hapoel Haifa
1965–66 Maccabi Tel Aviv
1966–67 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv
1967–68
1968–69 Hapoel Tel Aviv Maccabi Tel Aviv
1969–70 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv
1970–71
1971–72 Hapoel Gvat/Yagur
1972–73 Ironi Ramat Gan
1973–74
1974–75 Hapoel Ramat Gan
1975–76 Hapoel Gvat/Yagur
1976–77 Hapoel Ramat Gan
1977–78 Hapoel Gvat/Yagur Mini-league of top six teams from regular season
1978–79 Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:0 Best of 3 series
1979–80 Regular season only
1980–81 Hapoel Ramat Gan
1981–82 Mini-league of top three teams from regular season
1982–83 2:0 Best of 3 series
1983–84 2:0
1984–85 Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:1
1985–86 Maccabi Elitzur Netanya 2:0
1986–87 Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:1
1987–88 2:1
1988–89 2:0
1989–90 Hapoel Galil Elyon 3:0 Best of 5 series
1990–91 Maccabi Rishon LeZion 3:1
1991–92 Hapoel Tel Aviv 3:2
1992–93 Hapoel Galil Elyon 3:1
1993–94 Maccabi Tel Aviv 3:0
1994–95 Hapoel Galil Elyon 3:0
1995–96 Hapoel Jerusalem 3:0
1996–97 3:0
1997–98 Hapoel Eilat 3:0
1998–99 Hapoel Jerusalem 3:1
1999–00 Maccabi Ra'anana 3:1
2000–01 Hapoel Jerusalem 3:0
2001–02 Ironi Ramat Gan 3:0
2002–03 Ironi Naharia 3:0
2003–04 Hapoel Tel Aviv 3:0
2004–05 3:0
2005–06 Hapoel Jerusalem 96–66 Final Four format
2006–07 80–78
2007–08 Hapoel Holon Maccabi Tel Aviv 73–72
2008–09 Maccabi Tel Aviv Maccabi Haifa 85–72
2009–10 Gilboa/Galil Maccabi Tel Aviv 90–77
2010–11 Maccabi Tel Aviv Gilboa/Galil 91–64
2011–12 Maccabi Ashdod 83–63
2012–13 Maccabi Haifa Maccabi Tel Aviv 86–79 Single game format
2013–14 Maccabi Tel Aviv Maccabi Haifa 81–77 ; 82–84 OT Home and Away format
2014–15 Hapoel Jerusalem Hapoel Eilat 80–65 ; 88–68
2015–16 Maccabi Rishon LeZion Hapoel Jerusalem 83–77 Final Four format
2016–17 Hapoel Jerusalem Maccabi Haifa 83–76
2017–18 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Holon 95–75
2018–19 Maccabi Rishon LeZion 89–75
2019–20 86–81
2020–21 Best of 3 series

AwardsEdit

 
Lior Eliyahu, 2-time Israeli Basketball Premier League MVP

Statistical leadersEdit

See alsoEdit

Israeli basketball clubs in European and worldwide competitionsEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "BSL Sponsors" (in Hebrew). Israeli Basketball Super League. Retrieved October 25, 2010.
  2. ^ The Basketball Super League Administration for Men (archive) basket.co.il
  3. ^ "League format" (in Hebrew). Israeli Basketball Super League. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  4. ^ "Amar'e Stoudemire joins Hapoel Jerusalem!". Hapoel.co.il. August 1, 2016. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  5. ^ "הצהרת כוונות: האדומים זכו בגביע ווינר סל". Basket.co.il (in Hebrew). October 1, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  6. ^ "Former NBA center Stoudemire named MVP of Israeli title game". SI.com. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  7. ^ a b c d "NBA News, Scores, Fantasy Games and Highlights 2019-20 | Yahoo Sports". sports.yahoo.com.

External linksEdit