Israel Corporation

Israel Corporation (Hebrew: החברה לישראל‎) (also Israel Corp) is Israel's largest holding company. It was founded in 1968 by the Government of the State of Israel.

Israel Corporation Ltd.
IndustryOil, Shipping, Energy, Chemicals and Transportation
Founded1968; 53 years ago (1968)
Key people
Idan Ofer (Chairman of the board, Nir Gilad and CEO)
RevenueIncrease 37.2 billion (2010)
Increase 6.2 billion (2010)
Increase 3.7 billion (2010)
Number of employees
SubsidiariesIsrael Chemicals Ltd.
Oil Refineries Ltd
Tower Semiconductor
Zim Integrated Shipping Services

50% of its manufacturing activities and 70% of its consolidated revenues derive from global operations. Its core holdings are fertilizers and specialty chemicals, energy, shipping and transportation.[1] Israel Corp is a constituent of the TA-35 Index of leading shares of the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange. Two of its major holdings, Israel Chemicals and Oil Refineries Ltd are also constituents of the TA-35 Index.[2]


The Israel Corp was founded by the government of Israel together with Shaul Eisenberg in 1968, who was one of the first strategic foreign investors in Israeli history, under the initiative of then Minister of Finance, Pinchas Sapir of the Israeli Labor Party, who changed the Encouragement of Capital Investments Law to attract foreign investment. The change ensured that the company's owners were exempt from taxes for 30 years and received other benefits.[3]

In 1975, the director general of Israel Corp, Michael Tzur, was sentenced to 15 years in prison after he was convicted on 18 counts of embezzlement, theft, fraud and bribery.[4][5] He was released from prison in 1981.[6]

Shares of the company were offered to the public in 1969, 1970, 1974 and 1982, and the company was listed on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange in 1982. After Eisenberg's death in 1998, the family sold control of the company to the Ofer family.

In 2007, 55% of the equity of the company was held by the Ofer Brothers Group, 18% by Bank Leumi and the remainder by the public.[7]

Major holdingsEdit

Israel Corp's major holdings are Israel Chemicals, Oil Refineries Ltd, Tower Semiconductor, Kenon Holdings and Zim Integrated Shipping Services.


The Israel Corporation was criticized in a documentary film examining the influence of big business on Israeli politics. The movie The Shakshuka System chronicles the history of the company, and how it had allegedly benefited from a "revolving-door" practice between the public and the private sector, from its extensive network of connections in Israel's political system and economic circles, and from a high degree of influence on local media to squelch potential criticism. Among the major allegations presented by the film was the Bazan sale incident, in which the company's stake in the country's largest oil refinery was bought out by Israel's treasury, for what many considered to be an overvalued sum, especially since Israel Corp. was bound by an agreement to return its holding of Bazan to the state without compensation. The company had allegedly blocked the film from being broadcast on any of Israel's commercial TV channels, and it was finally broadcast on Channel One.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Israel Corp, Ltd. home page". Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  2. ^ TASE Market Cap Indices - TA 25, retrieved 2009-10-07
  3. ^ Globes – "60 most important economic events in Israel’s history" In Hebrew, retrieved 2009-10-07
  4. ^ "Tzur Hit with 18-count Indictment". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 10 April 1975. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Report on the Israel Corporation". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 1 February 1977. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Michael Tzur Gets Ten Months Cut in Prison Term". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 10 June 1981. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  7. ^ Israel Corp - Company History, retrieved 2009-10-07

External linksEdit