Isle of Man Pure Beer Act

The Isle of Man Pure Beer Act (also known as the Manx Pure Beer Act[1] or simply the Pure Beer Act) is a law on the Isle of Man regulating the ingredients in beer. It was enacted by the Tynwald, the island's Government in 1874, stating that only water, malt, sugar and hops were allowed to be used in production.[2][3] The law was introduced after campaigning by Dr William Okell, founder of the Okells Brewery.[4] Because of the legal autonomy of the Isle of Man, the Free Mash Tun Act of 1880 which relaxed a tax on malt and other restrictions in the United Kingdom did not apply there, and so the act remained upheld.[5]

The law has been encouraged by the Campaign for Real Ale, who have strongly criticised any changes and say it allows a better class of ale to be produced.[6] The current head of the Okells Brewery, Dr Mike Cowbourne, has stated that the law has been an important aspect of the company's beers achieving widespread export and acceptance.[7]

In 1999, there was a significant debate about whether the law should be changed, Pamela Crowe tried to scrap the law, and all breweries campaigned against it. The eventual outcome was a slight relaxation of the law, which permitted the brewing of lager, wheat beer and fruit beer.[7][8] Okells used the changes in the law to produce a Canadian lager, which drew criticism from the local brewing community.[9] However, Bushy’s head, Martin Brunnschweiler, says the act helped their Ruby Mild beer win a regional beer award, because they could not add chemicals or preservatives.[10]

In 2002, the Department of Health considered changing the law to allow the addition of Vitamin B1, which would help reduce alcohol induced brain damage.[6]

References

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  1. ^ Boston, Richard (1976). Beer and skittles. Collins. p. 209.
  2. ^ "Brewers Act 1874" (PDF). Isle of Man Government. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  3. ^ "Isle of Man Produce" (PDF). Isle of Man Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Past & Present". Okells. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  5. ^ Sumner, James (January 2004). "The Metric Tun: standardisation, quantification and industrialisation in the British brewing industry, 1760–1830" (PDF). University of Leeds: 216–217. Retrieved 11 November 2013. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ a b "Vitamins in Pints?". Isle of Man Today. 27 February 2002. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Island Mentality". The Publican's Morning Advertiser. 18 April 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  8. ^ Reeder, Ann (2011). Heritage Pub Walks in the Isle of Man. AuthorHouse. p. xvii. ISBN 9781481798501.
  9. ^ "The Brewery and Stockists". Bushy's. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Bushy's wins regional beer award". Isle of Man Today. 1 September 2003. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
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