Isle of Man Government

The Isle of Man Government (Manx: Reiltys Ellan Vannin) is the government of the Isle of Man. The formal head of the Isle of Man Government is the Lieutenant Governor, the personal representative of the Lord of Mann (currently Charles III). The executive head is the Chief Minister.

Douglas, the capital city in the Isle of Man, home to the seat of government, is where most Government offices and the parliament chambers (Tynwald) are located.

The Civil Service has more than 2,000 employees and the total number of public sector employees including civil servants, teachers, nurses, police, etc. was 7,413 full-time equivalent on 31 March 2019.[1] This is just under 10% of the population of the Island and 21%[1] of the working population. This does not include any military forces, as defence is the constitutional responsibility of the United Kingdom.

Government structure edit

The Government consists of eight departments, seven statutory boards, and numerous other governmental and quasi-independent agencies. The departments all report directly to the Council of Ministers through their respective minister. Departments 'sponsor' other public bodies to enable a conduit into the Council of Ministers. This arrangement extends to Tynwald and its branches for public bodies that do not have a member of Tynwald on their board.

Government personnel edit

Departments edit

Chief Minister of the Isle of Man: Alfred Cannan MHK

Chief Executive of Isle of Man Government: Andy Ralphs

Statutory boards edit

Offices edit

Other agencies edit

  • Culture Vannin (Manx Heritage Foundation)
    • Chair: Chris Thomas MHK[15]
    • Vice Chair: Daphne Caine MHK
    • Director: Dr Breesha Maddrell
  • Financial Intelligence Unit (Unnid Tushtag Argidoil)
    • Chair: HM Attorney General
  • Isle of Man Arts Council
    • Chair: Vacant
  • Isle of Man Sport (Isle of Man Sports Council)
    • Executive Chair: Sarah Corlett[22]
  • Manx Industrial Relations Service
  • Manx Lottery Trust
    • Chair: Sarah Kelly
  • Manx National Heritage (Manx Museum and National Trust)
    • Chair: Jonathan Hall
    • Executive Director: Connie Lovel[23]
  • Public Services Commission
  • Road Transport Licensing Committee (Bing Kied Carbid)
    • Chair: Brendan O'Friel
    • Vice Chair: David Sellick
    • Secretary: Noel Capewell
  • Safeguarding Board
    • Independent Chair: Lesley Walker[24]
  • Swimming Pool Authorities
  • Local Government

Brief history edit

Lieutenant governor edit

Before modern times the government of the Isle of Man was in the hands of the Governor (or Lieutenant Governor), who was the representative of the Lord of Man, assisted by his Council, consisting of the other permanent officials (the Bishop, Archdeacon, Deemsters, Attorney General, etc.).[25] The Council evolved into the Legislative Council, the upper chamber of Tynwald, the parliament of the Isle of Man.

After the Revestment in 1765 the Lieutenant Governor and his officials were the agents of the British Government, and not democratically responsible to the Manx people. Conflict between the House of Keys (popularly elected after 1866) and the Lieutenant Governor came to a head during the tenure of George Somerset (1902–18).

Council of Ministers edit

After World War I the Lieutenant Governor gradually ceded control to Tynwald, a process guided by the reports of commissions and other bodies in 1911,[26] 1959[27] and 1969.[28] An Executive Council, chaired by him and including members of Tynwald, was established in 1949, and gradually thereafter became the effective government of the Island. Finance and the police came under local control between 1958 and 1976.[29] The Lieutenant Governor ceased to chair the Executive Council in 1980, being replaced by a chairman elected by Tynwald,[30] and the council was reconstituted in 1985 to include the chairmen of the eight principal Boards;[31] in 1986 they were given the title 'Minister' and the chairman was styled 'Chief Minister'.[32] In 1990 the council was renamed the 'Council of Ministers'.[33]

Departments edit

During the 19th century several bodies, which came to be known as 'Boards of Tynwald', were created to exercise functions under democratic control. These included the Board of Education (1872), Highway Board (1874), Asylums Board (1888), Government Property Trustees (1891) and Local Government Board (1894). However, although direct taxation was levied by Tynwald, the Boards' freedom of action before the 1960s was limited by the Lieutenant Governor's control of the Island's budget and his power to appoint certain of their members.

The structure of the Boards of Tynwald, along with other bodies variously called 'Statutory Boards' and 'Commercial Boards', became increasingly unwieldy after the 1950s, and was eventually reformed in the 1980s, when a system of 'ministerial government' was set up.[34]

The Departments and Statutory Boards which existed before the reorganisation in 2010, and their predecessors, are shown below:

  • Treasury, 1985–present
    • Finance Board, 1961–1985
  • Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, 1986–2010
    • Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1946–86
      • Board of Agriculture, 1914–1946
      • Fisheries Board, 1927–1946
        • Fishery Conservators, 1882–1927
    • Forestry, Mines and Lands Board, 1950–86
      • Common Lands Board, 1915–50
        • Trustees of the Common Lands, 1866–1915
  • Department of Education, 1987–2010
    • Isle of Man Board of Education, 1946–2009[a]
      • Board of Education, 1872–99
      • Council of Education, 1899–1946
      • Isle of Man Education Authority, 1923–68
        • Isle of Man Central Education Authority, 1920–23
  1. ^ The Board continued in existence as a popularly elected body, but with reduced functions, after the Department of Education was created in 1987; it was not finally dissolved until June 2009.
  • Department of Health and Social Security, 1986–2010
    • Health Services Board, 1948–86
      • Mental Hospital Board, 1932–48
        • Asylums Board, 1888–1932
    • Board of Social Security, 1970–86
      • Board of Social Services, 1946–70
        • Health Insurance and Pensions Board, 1939–46
          • Old Age Pensions and National Health Insurance Board, 1920–39
  • Department of Transport, 2004–2010
    • Department of Highways, Ports and Properties 1986–2004
      • Isle of Man Highway and Transport Board, 1946–86
        • Highway Board, 1874–1946
          • Committee of Highways, 1776–1874
      • Isle of Man Harbour Board, 1948–86
        • Isle of Man Harbour Commissioners, 1872–1948
          • Commissioners for Harbours, 1771–1872
      • Isle of Man Airports Board, 1948–86
      • Government Property Trustees, 1891–1986
  • Department of Home Affairs, since 1986
    • Home Affairs Board, 1981–86
      • Isle of Man Police Board, 1962–81
      • Isle of Man Broadcasting Commission, 1965–81
      • Civil Defence Commission, 1955–81
  • Department of Trade and Industry, 1996–2010
    • Department of Industry, 1986–1996
      • Industry Board, 1981–86
  • Department of Local Government and the Environment, 1986–2010
    • Local Government Board, 1894–1986
  • Department of Tourism and Leisure, 1994–2010
    • Department of Tourism and Transport, 1986–2004
      • Tourist Board, 1952–86
        • Publicity Board, 1931–52
          • Board of Advertising, 1904–31
            • Advertising Committee, 1897–1904
      • Isle of Man Passenger Transport Board, 1982–86
        • Manx Electric Railway Board, 1957–82
  • Isle of Man Office of Fair Trading, since 1998
    • Board of Consumer Affairs (1981–1998)
      • Consumer Council (1972–1981)
  • Financial Supervision Commission, since 1982
  • Insurance and Pensions Authority, since 1996
    • Insurance Authority, 1986–96
  • Isle of Man Post Office (1993)
    • Isle of Man Post Office Authority (1972–93)
  • Isle of Man Water and Sewerage Authority, since 2010
    • Isle of Man Water Authority (1985–2010)
      • Isle of Man Water and Gas Authority (1974–1985)
        • Isle of Man Water Authority (1972–1974)
        • Isle of Man Gas Authority (1972–1974)
        • Isle of Man Water Board (1946–1972)
  • Manx Electricity Authority, since 1983
    • Isle of Man Electricity Board (1932–1984)
  • Communications Commission (1989)
    • Telecommunications Commission (1985–1989)
  • Gambling Supervision Commission, up to present

References edit

  1. ^ a b "HR Management Information Report 2018-19" (PDF). Isle of Man Government.
  2. ^ "Communications and Utilities Regulatory Authority Order 2020" (PDF). Tynwald. Tynwald.
  3. ^ a b c d "New Council of Ministers unveiled". Isle of Man Government. 15 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Chief Operating Officer appointed for Cabinet Office". Isle of Man Government.
  5. ^ "Graham Kinrade appointed permanent DESC leader". Isle of Man Government. 16 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Tim Johnston MHK appointed to the Council of Minister". Isle of Man Government.
  7. ^ "New DEFA leader to take up role in September". Isle of Man Government.
  8. ^ "Rob Callister MHK replaced as Minister for Health and Social Care". Isle of Man Government.
  9. ^ "Paul Richardson appointed as new DHSC Chief Officer". Isle of Man Government.
  10. ^ "Home Affairs appoints permanent Chief Officer". Isle of Man Government.
  11. ^ "Isle of Man Government - Tim Crookall MHK appointed as Minister for Infrastructure". Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  12. ^ "DOI announces permanent Chief Officer". Manx Radio.
  13. ^ "Dr Alex Allinson appointed Treasury Minister". Isle of Man Government.
  14. ^ "Chief Minister pays tribute to public servants who stepped up during period of change". Isle of Man Government.
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Appointments to Government departments, boards and public bodies". Isle of Man Government. 27 October 2021.
  16. ^ "FSA appoints next Chief Executive Officer". Isle of Man Financial Services Authority. 24 August 2021.
  17. ^ a b "21 Nov 2023 Tynwald Votes and Proceedings" (PDF). Tynwald.
  18. ^ "Post Office Welcomes New Chairman". Isle of Man Post Office.
  19. ^ "New Chair of Manx Care appointed". Isle of Man Government.
  20. ^ "Key appointment to board of Manx Care". Isle of Man Government. 16 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Appointment of Her Majesty's Attorney General". Isle of Man Government.
  22. ^ "Isle of Man Sport Newsletter - May 2021" (PDF). Isle of Man Sport Newsletter. May 2021.
  23. ^ "Connie Lovel appointed as Executive Director, Manx National Heritage". Manx National Heritage. 14 May 2021.
  24. ^ "New Independent Chair of Isle of Man Safeguarding Board". Isle of Man Government. 23 February 2021.
  25. ^ Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry for the Isle of Man, 1792
  26. ^ Report of the Departmental Committee on the Constitution etc. of the Isle of Man, 1911, Cd.5950 (the 'MacDonnell Report')
  27. ^ Report of the Commission on the Isle of Man Constitution, 1959 (the MacDermott Report')
  28. ^ Report of the Joint Working Party on the Constitutional Relationship between the Isle of Man and the United Kingdom, 1969 (the 'Stonham Report')
  29. ^ Finance Act 1958, Finance Act 1962, Police (Isle of Man) Act 1962, Governor's Financial and Judicial Functions (Transfer) Act 1976: Statutes of the Isle of Man
  30. ^ Constitution (Executive Council) (Amendment) Act 1980
  31. ^ Constitution (Executive Council) Act 1984
  32. ^ Constitution (Executive Council) (Amendment) Act 1986
  33. ^ Council of Ministers Act 1990
  34. ^ Gumbley, K F W (1988), "Government Departments and Statutory Boards", Manx Law Bulletin, 10: 61–73

External links edit

54°09′06.6″N 4°28′48.6″W / 54.151833°N 4.480167°W / 54.151833; -4.480167