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The Islamic City Council of Tehran (Persian: شورای اسلامی شهر تهران‎) is the directly elected council that presides over the city of Tehran, elects the Mayor of Tehran in a mayor–council government system, and budgets of the Municipality of Tehran.

Islamic City Council of Tehran
Local council of Greater Tehran
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
4 years[1]
History
Founded29 April 1999; 20 years ago (1999-04-29)[1]
Preceded byAnjoman-e-Shahr
New session started
23 August 2017[2]
Leadership
Chairman
Mohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani[2]
since 23 August 2017
Vice Chairman
Ebrahim Amini[2]
since 23 August 2017
1st Secretary
Bahare Arvin[2]
since 23 August 2017
2nd Secretary
Zahra Nejadbahram[2]
since 23 August 2017
Spokesperson
Ali E'ta[2]
since 23 August 2017
Treasurer
Hassan Rasouli
since 3 September 2017
Structure
Seats21 (Since 2017)
  • 15 (1999–2013)
  • 31 (2013–2017)
Tehran City Council Composition 2017.svg
Political groups
     List of Hope (21)
Committees
AuthorityTehran, Rey, Tajrish
Elections
Plurality-at-large voting
Last election
19 May 2017
Meeting place
City Council of Tehran, 17 September 2015.jpg
City Council Building
Behesht Street
Tehran
Website
Tehran City Council Website

The council is composed of twenty one members elected on a Plurality-at-large voting basis for four-year terms. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Council are chosen by the council at the first regular meeting in odd-numbered years.

It holds regular meetings on Sunday, Tuesday and Wednesday at 10 am (except on holidays or if decided by special resolution not to meet).

Contents

HistoryEdit

Persian Constitutional Revolution passed a law on local governance known as “Ghanoon-e Baladieh”. The second and third articles of the law, on “anjoman-e baladieh”, or the city council, provide a detailed outline on issues such as the role of the councils in the city, the members’ qualifications, the election process, and the requirements to be entitled to vote. Baladieh, or the modern municipality in Iran was established in 1910, to cope with the growing need for the transformation of Tehran’s city structures.[3]

After the First World War, Reza Shah, the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, immediately suspended the “Ghanoon-e Baladieh” of 1907 and the decentralized and autonomous city councils were replaced by centralist/sectoralist approaches of governance and planning.[3]

MembersEdit

ChairpersonsEdit

Term Chairman Affiliation Term of office Vice Chairman Affiliation Term of office
1 1st   Abdollah Noori Combatant Clerics April 1999 — September 1999   Saeed Hajjarian Participation Front April 1999 — February 2002
2   Abbas Douzdouzani Participation Front September 1999 — December 1999
3   Rahmatollah Khosravi Forces of Imam's Line December 1999 — May 2001
4   Mohammad Atrianfar Executives of Construction May 2001 — January 2003
  Ebrahim Asgharzadeh Solidarity Party February 2002 — January 2003
5 2nd   Mehdi Chamran Alliance of Builders April 2003 — September 2013   Hassan Bayadi Alliance of Builders April 2003 — September 2013
3rd
6 4th   Ahmad Masjed-Jamei Non-partisan Reformist September 2013 — September 2014   Morteza Talaie Progress and Justice Population September 2013 — August 2017
(5)   Mehdi Chamran Non-partisan Principlist September 2014 — August 2017
pro
tem
5th   Morteza Alviri Executives of Construction May — August 2017   Ahmad Masjed-Jamei Non-partisan Reformist May — August 2017
7   Mohsen Hashemi Executives of Construction August 2017 — present   Ebrahim Amini National Trust Party August 2017 — present

CompositionEdit

Election resultsEdit

  Independent
Years Seats Composition Ref
1999
15
[4]
2003
[4]
2006
[5]
2013
31
[6]
2017
21
[7]

TimelineEdit

No. Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
1 1999-04-29[a] R N/A
2000-01-03[b] R I
2003-01-15[c] Vacant
2 2003-04-29[a] I C
2006-12-06[d] C
3[e] 2007-04-29[a] R I C
2009-02-07[f] R C
2013-06-06[g] R I C
2013-08-25[h] R I C
4 2013-09-03[a] R I D[i] I C
2013-09-08[j] R I D[i] I C
5 2017-08-23[a] R N/A
  1. ^ a b c d e New term's mandate started.
  2. ^ Three members –Abdollah Nouri (R), Jamileh Kadivar (R) and Mohammad Gharazi (R)– resigned and were replaced by alternative members Mohammad-Hossein Haghighi (R), Amir Abedini (I) and Mansour Razavi (R).
  3. ^ The council was dissolved by the Ministry of Interior
  4. ^ Rasoul Khadem who won a seat without conservative endorsement, was included in their list for 2006 election.
  5. ^ Third term's mandate was extended for two additional years by the Parliament.
  6. ^ Progress and Justice Population of Islamic Iran was officially established and Alireza Dabir who won a seat without conservative endorsement joined it.
  7. ^ Hadi Saei who won a seat with reformist endorsement was not included in their list for 2013 election.
  8. ^ Mohammad-Ali Najafi (R) resigned and was replaced by alternative member Abdolmoghim Nasehi (C).
  9. ^ a b Ahmad Donyamali won a seat with endorsement from both reformists and consevatives. Donyamali was a member of the reformist fraction for the last three years but voted independently.
  10. ^ Elaheh Rastgou who won a seat with reformist endorsement, switched her allegiance to the conservatives.

Mayors electedEdit

# Mayor elected Votes Year Term
1 Morteza Alviri 1999 1st
2 Mohammad Hassan Malekmadani 2002
3 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 2003 2nd
4 Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf 2005
2007 3rd
2013 4th
5 Mohammad-Ali Najafi 2017 5th
6 Mohammad-Ali Afshani 2018
7 Pirouz Hanachi 2018

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hamid Aghabozorgy, Reza Mokhtari Malekabadi, Ahmad Moazzeni (January 2016). "604 Comparative assessing the Performance of fourth period Islamic Councils of Lenjan, and their role in improving urban management". International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies (Special). ISSN 2356-5926.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Mohsen Hashemi elected as head of Tehran City Council", Mehr News Agency, 23 August 2017, retrieved 23 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Vahid Vahdat Zad (2011). "Spatial Discrimination in Tehran's Modern Urban Planning 1906-1979". Journal of Planning History vol. 12 no. 1 49-62. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
  4. ^ a b "Iran election 'an alarm bell'". BBC. 3 March 2003. Retrieved 1 April 2017. Reformists took all 15 council seats in 1999. Conservatives have now taken 14.
  5. ^ Raz Zimmt (22 December 2006). "Election Results for the Assembly of Experts and Local Councils: Preliminary Appraisal". ACIS Iran Pulse. Retrieved 1 April 2017. The results in Tehran give the list of Qalibaf's followers ("Usulgarayan") eight of the 15 seats, the reformists' four and Ahmadinejad's followers two. Another seat went to an independent candidate, close to Qalibaf.
  6. ^ Ali M. Pedram (20 June 2013). "Reformists return to power in Iran's local elections". Asharq Al Awsat. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2017. Thirty-one council seats were up for grabs in Tehran, with 13 going to reformists. Although conservatives won 18 seats in the capital in total... Although the composition of Tehran’s new city council appears to give conservatives a majority with 18 seats, four of these were won by previously apolitical celebrity athletes, who observers speculate may be open to changing their affiliation in the future.
  7. ^ "Pro-Rohani Reformists Sweep Tehran Council Elections". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 21 May 2017. Retrieved 21 May 2017.

External linksEdit