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Abū Yaʻqūb Isḥāq ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mukhallad al-Ḥanzalī (Arabic: أبو يعقوب إسحاق بن إبراهيم بن مخْلد الحنظلي‎), commonly known as Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh (Arabic: إسحاق بن راهويه‎; 161 AH[2] – 238 AH[3]), was the muhaddith, faqih and the imam of Khurasan of his time.

Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh
TitleAmir al-muʼminīn fī al-ḥadīth[1]
Personal
Born161 AH[2]
Merv, Persia[2] (777–778 AD)
DiedSha'ban 238 AH[3]
Nishapur (852–853 AD)
ReligionIslam
EthnicityTamimi Arab,
JurisprudenceZahiri
Main interest(s)Hadith,[4] Tafsir,[5] Fiqh[6]
Notable work(s)Al-Musnad
Senior posting

He along with Al-Thawri and Daweed Al Zahiri are cited in Lisanu-l-Arab (also spelled Lisan Al-Arab) for taking the stance that once a man marries a slave and has children with her both she and the child are free, and the child cannot be enslaved. This was against the opinion of most Islamic scholars of jurisprudence of the time (see root 3ain, baa', dal, at www.baheth.info). He was also a fellow student and a friend of Ahmad ibn Hanbal who accompanied him on his travels to seek knowledge.[9]

InfluenceEdit

After Al-Bukhari dedicated the rest of his life in compiling a book that would be composed strictly of authentic (sahih) traditions, his mission was further strengthened when he was advised by his teacher, Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh, to compile such as book. Al-Bukhari stated, "There was once a time during one of our sessions when my teacher Ishaaq Ibn Rahway remarked it would be appreciated if someone could collect ahadith which held strong and reliable testimonials and write them in the form of a book".[10]

WorksEdit

Ibn Rahwayh wrote a number of books on tafsir, hadith and fiqh:[11]

  • Al-Musnad (المسند)
  • Al-Jāmiʻ al-Kabīr (الجامع الكبير)
  • Al-Jāmiʻ al-ṣaghir (الجامع الصغير)
  • Al-Muṣannaf (المصنف)
  • Al-ʻilm (العلم)
  • Al-Tafsīr al-kabīr (التفسير الكبير): lost work

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ أمير المؤمنين في الحديث
    Al-ʻAsqalānī, Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Ibn Ḥajar. Fatḥ al-Bari sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. p. 6.
  2. ^ a b c Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 57–59
  3. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, p. 208
  4. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 78–103
  5. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 77–78
  6. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 104–109
  7. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 110–137
  8. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 150–165
  9. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 67–70
  10. ^ قال البخاري : كنا عند إسحاق بن راهويه فقال : لو جمعتم كتاباً مختصراً لصحيح سنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم . قال : فوقع ذلك في قلبي فأخذت في جمع الجامع الصحيح
  11. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 211–215