Ishaq ibn Rahwayh

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Abū Yaʿqūb Isḥāq ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mukhallad al-Ḥanẓalī (Arabic: أَبُو يَعْقُوب إِسْحَاق بْن إِبْرَاهِيم بْن مُخَلَّد ٱلْحَنْظَلِيّ; c. 777c. 852 CE or 161 – 238 AH [2][4]), commonly known as Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (Arabic: إِسْحَاق بْن رَاهْوَيْه), was a Sunni Muslim scholar, jurist, traditionist, exegete, and theologian of Khorasan. He was known to be a fellow student and a friend of Ahmad ibn Hanbal and accompanied him on his travels to seek knowledge.[10]

Ishaq ibn Rahwayh
إِسْحَاق بْن رَاهْوَيْه
TitleAmir al-Mu'minin fi al-Hadith[1]
Personal
Bornc. 777 CE or 161 AH[2]
Diedc. 852 CE or Sha'ban 238 AH[4]
ReligionIslam
EraIslamic Golden Age (Early Abbasid era)
RegionKhorasan
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceIndependent
CreedAthari[3]
Main interest(s)
Notable work(s)Al-Musnad
Arabic name
Personal
(Ism)
Isḥāq
إِسْحَاق
Patronymic
(Nasab)
Ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mukhallad
ٱبْن إِبْرَاهِيم بْن مُخَلَّد
Teknonymic
(Kunya)
Abū Yaʿqūb
أَبُو يَعْقُوب
Toponymic
(Nisba)
Al-Ḥanẓalī
ٱلْحَنْظَلِيّ
Muslim leader

Influence edit

Ibn Rahwayh helped to inspire Muhammad al-Bukhari to compile his work Sahih al-Bukhari. Al-Bukhari stated, "We were with our teacher Ishaq ibn Rahwayh when he said, 'If only someone would compile a compact book for the authentic hadith of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.' That stirred something in my heart, so I set out in compiling al-Jami' al-Sahih".[11]

Works edit

Ibn Rahwayh's books on tafsir, ahadith and fiqh include:[12]

  • Al-Musnad (المسند)
  • Al-Jāmiʻ al-Kabīr (الجامع الكبير)
  • Al-Jāmiʻ al-Ṣaghir (الجامع الصغير)
  • Al-Muṣannaf (المصنف)
  • Al-ʻIlm (العلم)
  • At-Tafsīr al-Kabīr (التفسير الكبير): lost work

References edit

  1. ^ Al-ʻAsqalānī, Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Ibn Ḥajar. Fatḥ al-Bari sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. p. 6.
  2. ^ a b c Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 57–59
  3. ^ Melchert, Christopher (1997). "Chapter 1: The Traditionalists of Iraq". The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th-10th Centuries C.E. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Publishers. p. 6. ISBN 90-04-10952-8.
  4. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, p. 208
  5. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 104–109
  6. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 78–103
  7. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 77–78
  8. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 110–137
  9. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 150–165
  10. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 67–70
  11. ^ قال البخاري : كنا عند إسحاق بن راهويه فقال : لو جمعتم كتاباً مختصراً لصحيح سنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم . قال : فوقع ذلك في قلبي فأخذت في جمع الجامع الصحيح[citation needed]
  12. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn (ed.), Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 211–215