Isfara (Tajik: Исфара, Persian: اسفره‎) is a city in Sughd Province in northern Tajikistan, situated on the border with Kyrgyzstan. The city is the capital of the Isfara district.

Isfara

Исфара
A sign welcoming travellers to Isfara
A sign welcoming travellers to Isfara
Isfara is located in Tajikistan
Isfara
Isfara
Coordinates: 40°07′N 70°38′E / 40.117°N 70.633°E / 40.117; 70.633
Country Tajikistan
ProvinceSughd
DistrictIsfara
Incorporated1933
Government
 • MayorDilshod Rasulzoda
Area
 • Total832 km2 (321 sq mi)
Elevation
863 m (2,831 ft)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total59,500
Time zoneUTC+5
Postcode
735920
Websitehttp://isfara.tj

There are currently territorial disputes between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan over the area of Isfara Valley.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Babur and his army assaults the fortress of Ibrāhīm Sārū, during the Siege of Isfara.

The first author who mentions Esfara as a town, is Bābor. He praised the orchards and fruits of Isfara, especially its almonds. The 16th century saw the construction of large public buildings, notably mosques and medreseh. In the 18th century Isfara was the seat of the Khan of Ḵoqand whose wars with Bokhara resulted in the destruction of some historical monuments.[3]

Around 20 km south, in the village of Chorku, the mausoleum Hazrati Shoh Mausoleum, is carved from wood, partly dating back to the 8th century,[4] a structure that is unique in Central Asia.

DemographicsEdit

The population of Isfara is mostly Tajik.

Year Population Type
1989 34,500 census
2000 37,000 census
2008 40,600 estimate[5]

GeographyEdit

Isfara is situated near the border junction of three independent states Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, at a height of 863m above sea level. Its territory is 832 km².

ClimateEdit

The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type classification for Isfara is "Bwk" or a Tropical and Subtropical Desert Climate. The average temperature is 11.8 °C (53.2 °F) with the warmest month being July with an average temperature of 25 °C (77 °F) and the coldest month being January with an average temperature of -2.7 °C (27.1 °F). The average amount of precipitation is 544.6mm (21.4") and there are on average 74.3 days of participation.[6]

Climate data for Isfara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.2
(43.2)
13.6
(56.5)
18.3
(64.9)
22.9
(73.2)
25.0
(77.0)
23.2
(73.8)
18.4
(65.1)
11.9
(53.4)
5.4
(41.7)
0.1
(32.2)
11.8
(53.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.9
(2.24)
62.6
(2.46)
89.9
(3.54)
83.8
(3.30)
68.3
(2.69)
18.7
(0.74)
10.8
(0.43)
3.0
(0.12)
5.4
(0.21)
43.7
(1.72)
47.1
(1.85)
54.4
(2.14)
544.6
(21.44)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.9 8.5 10.1 9.7 9.0 4.3 2.6 1.5 1.9 5.3 6.1 7.4 74.3
Average relative humidity (%) 74.2 72.3 65.0 58.6 51.4 40.5 39.9 43.0 45.9 55.9 65.1 73.2 57.1
Source: "The Climate of Karakol". Weatherbase. Retrieved 31 July 2014.

EconomyEdit

 
Isfara tea house

Some 20 industrial companies in Isfara produce electrical equipment, chemical and metallurgical products, construction materials, food products and others.

Isfara is famous for its apricot orchards.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population size, Republic of Tajikistan on January 1, 2019" (PDF) (in Tajik). Tajikistan Statistics Agency. 2019. p. 17. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Central Asia :: Kyrgyzstan". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  3. ^ "ESFARA – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  4. ^ p181 Middleton & Thomas, Tajikistan (Odyssey Guide)
  5. ^ Population in the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Statistical Committee, Dushanbe, 2008
  6. ^ "Weatherbase.com". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Isfara: a travel guide". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2019-12-09.

Coordinates: 40°07′N 70°38′E / 40.117°N 70.633°E / 40.117; 70.633