Isaac P. Christiancy
Isaac Peckham Christiancy
|United States Senator|
March 4, 1875 – February 10, 1879
|Preceded by||Zachariah Chandler|
|Succeeded by||Zachariah Chandler|
|Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court|
January 1, 1858 – February 27, 1875
|Preceded by||Benjamin F. H. Witherell|
|Succeeded by||Isaac Marston|
|Member of the Michigan Senate|
|Born||March 12, 1812|
Johnstown, New York
|Died||September 8, 1890 (aged 78)|
|Political party||Democratic, Free Soil, Republican|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth E. McClosky|
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Judge, Teacher|
Christiancy was born near Johnstown, New York in what is now Bleecker, New York to parents of humble means. His grandfather, Isaac Peckham, was one of the first pioneers in Caroga, New York, settling in the area as early as 1783. Christiancy attended the common schools and the Johnstown and Ovid Academies. After his father died when he was 13, he also had to support his family. He taught school and studied law. In 1836, Christiancy was admitted to the bar after moving to Monroe, Michigan, where he obtained a clerkship in a Federal land office. He married Elizabeth E. McClosky on November 16, 1839.
He was prosecuting attorney for Monroe County, Michigan from 1841 to 1846. In 1848 he was a delegate to the Free Soil Party convention in Buffalo, New York, having left the Democratic Party over the question of slavery.
He was a member of the Michigan State Senate from 1850 to 1852 and an unsuccessful Free Soil Party candidate for governor in 1852. He helped to organize the Republican Party in Jackson, Michigan in 1854. He purchased the Monroe Commercial in 1857 and became its editor. He was also an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. Senate in that year.
Pursuant to the new state constitution adopted in 1850, the Michigan Legislature created a permanent State Supreme Court in 1857. Christiancy was elected as an associate judge of this first permanent Michigan Supreme Court. He was reelected twice and served until February 27, 1875, when he resigned to take the office of U.S. Senator. He served as Chief Justice from 1872 to 1874. Christiancy is known as one of the "Big Four" of Michigan judicial history for his service while on the court.
He was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate in 1874, defeating the incumbent Radical Republican Zachariah Chandler, and served in the 44th and 45th Congresses from March 4, 1875, to February 10, 1879, when he resigned due to ill health. Chandler was elected to retake the seat twelve days later.
He served as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Peru from 1879 to 1881, after which he returned to Lansing, Michigan to resume the practice of law. During his stay in Peru, Christiancy warned the United States about the rising British influence that was being brought about by Chile during the War of the Pacific.
He died in Lansing and is interred in Woodlawn Cemetery in Monroe.
His son, James Isaac Christiancy (1844-December 18, 1899), was First Lieutenant, United States Army. He was awarded the Medal of Honor during the American Civil War while serving in Company D, 9th Michigan Volunteer Cavalry. On May 28, 1864, while acting as aide, he voluntarily led a part of the line into the fight, and was twice wounded. The Medal was actually issued on October 10, 1892. He is buried in the Woodland Cemetery in Monroe, Michigan.
- Clayton, Lawrence A. (1999). Peru and the United States: The Condor and the Eagle. ISBN 9780820320250.
- United States Congress. "Isaac P. Christiancy (id: C000379)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-02-21
- "Isaac P. Christiancy". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- Christiancy, Isaac P. (1860-03-28). "Address of the Hon. I. P. Christiancy to the graduating class of the Law department of the Michigan university". University of Michigan. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Michigan
March 4, 1875 – February 10, 1879
Served alongside: Thomas W. Ferry
| United States Minister to Peru
February 11, 1879 – August 2, 1881
Stephen A. Hurlbut