Iris subg. Limniris

Subgenus Limniris is one subgenus of beardless irises, which don't have hair on their drooping sepals, also called their falls.

Beardless Iris
Iris sibirica 060603.jpg
Iris sibirica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Iris subg. Limniris
(Tausch) Spach

See text.

'Limniris' is derived from the Latin for marsh or living-in-lakes iris,[1] or pond iris. This refers to the fact that most species can be grown in moist habitats for part of the year.[2]

It was originally described by Tausch in Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch (Deutsche Botaniker) in 1841.[3] Édouard Spach made changes 1846 in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. (Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique).[4]

It was divided into sections, 'Limniris', which is further divided down to about 16 series, and 'Lophiris' (also known as 'Evansias' or crested iris).[5] They are both polyphyletic.[6] It has 45 species, which are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere.[3]

It is a group that has been recognized with few changes since Dykes's 1913 monograph on the genus Iris. Lawrence (1953), Rodionenko (1987) and then Mathew (1989) all tried to modify the group.[7]

Various authors have tried to classify the list in various ways. It is still undergoing study and variations.[7]


Section LimnirisEdit

(going alphabetically)

Section LophirisEdit

Otherwise known as 'Evansias' or crested iris.


  1. ^ "Subgenus Limniris (Limniris) - Marsh, or living in lakes Iris". Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Subgenus Limniris". (American Iris Society). 12 January 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  3. ^ a b Crespo, Manuel B.; Alonso, Ángeles (June 2012). "(2073) Proposal to conserve the name Pseudiris Chukr & A. Gil against Pseudo-iris Medik. (Iridaceae), or to conserve Limniris against Pseudo-iris" (PDF). Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Iris subg. Limniris (Tausch) Spach". Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  5. ^ Stebbings, Geoff (1997). The Gardener's Guide to Growing Irises. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. pp. 16–18. ISBN 978-0715305393.
  6. ^ Wilson, Carol A. (November 2004). "Phylogeny of Iris based on chloroplast matK gene and trnK intron sequence data". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 33 (2): 402–412. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.06.013. PMID 15336674.
  7. ^ a b Rina Kamenetsky, Hiroshi Okubo (Editors)Geophytes: From Basic Science to Sustainable Production&pg=PA24 5B-ucdbgA3wC, p. 24, at Google Books


  • The Iris, by Brian Mathew, Batsford, 1989, 256 pages, 38 colour photos, 32 b/w photos, 16 illustrations, ISBN 0-7134-6039-3

External listEdit

  Data related to Iris sect. Limniris at Wikispecies