Iris koreana, also known as dwarf woodland Korean iris, is a beardless iris in the genus Iris, in the subgenus Limniris and in the series Chinenses of the genus. It is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial from Korea.
|Subgenus:||Iris subg. Limniris|
|Section:||Iris sect. Limniris|
|Series:||Iris ser. Chinenses|
Iris koreana is similar in form to (the larger) Iris minutoaurea and Iris odaesanensis, (both are also from the Iris chinensis series). William Rickatson Dykes thought that Iris koreana was a larger form of Iris minutoaurea, but Iris koreana is more robust than Iris minutoaurea.
It has narrow, smooth, glossy green, and ensiform (sword-shaped) leaves, that are long than the flowering stems. They grow up to 20–35 cm (8–14 in) long and 1–4 cm (0–2 in) wide. The leaves have prominent veins and are faintly tinged red at base (near the rhizome).Iris koreana and Iris minutoaureas also have the habit of their foliage growing longer after they have flowered.
It has 2 pairs of petals, 3 large sepals (outer petals), known as the 'falls' and 3 inner, smaller petals (or tepals, known as the 'standards'. The larger falls are obovate (egg or tear-drop shaped), held at a horizontal angle, have pleated edges and have brown markings on the hafts (the thinner part of the petal heading towards the centre). The smaller and shorter standards are paler (than the falls), almost erect (or vertical) and have a notch at the ends.
The style branches are the same colour as the standards but narrow and acuminate (end in a sharp point).
In June and July (after the flowers have faded), it produces green, globose (spherical) seed capsules. Inside are obovate or occasionally circular, smooth, glabrous (without hair) and brown or dark henne coloured seeds. Which are 3.6–4.6 mm (0–0 in) long and 2.5–3.3 mm (0–0 in) wide.
Iris koreana is pronounced as EYE-ris kor-ee-AH-nuh.
It was first published and described by Takenoshin Nakai in 'Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis' (Centralblatt für Sammlung und Veroffentlichung von Einzeldiagnosen neuer Pflanzen. (Edited by Friedrich Fedde in Berlin), Vol.2 in 1914.
One reference mentions that it is also native to China, but this might only mean cultivated and then naturalised within China.
It can be propagated by division, cutting the rhizome into large sections to be re-planted. It can also be grown from seed, collected from the plant (after the flowering has finished), as the collected seed does not store very well, it is recommended to sow the seed as soon as possible.
The iris is thought to be resistant to deer.
It is only available from a few select specialty nurseries in the US.
Hybrids and cultivarsEdit
There is a known cultivar Iris koreana 'Firefly Shuffle', which was hybridized by Darrell Probst of the Garden Vision Nursery in 2010.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to iris koreana.|
- Mathew, B. 1981. The Iris. 79.