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Kinnevik AB (Swedish pronunciation: [²ɕɪnːɛˌviːk]) is a Swedish investment company that was founded in 1936 by the Stenbeck, Klingspor and von Horn families.[1]

Kinnevik AB
Aktiebolag
Traded asNasdaq StockholmKINV B
IndustryInvestment
Founded1936; 83 years ago (1936)
FoundersHugo Stenbeck
Wilhelm Klingspor
Robert Von Horn
HeadquartersStockholm, Sweden
Key people
Dame Amelia Fawcett
(Chairman)
Georgi Ganev (CEO)
Joakim Andersson
CFO)
Websitewww.kinnevik.com

Kinnevik is an active and long-term owner investing primarily in digital consumer brands. Current CEO, Georgi Ganev, was appointed in 2018[2].

Kinnevik holds significant stakes in about 30 companies operating across five continents in more than 80 countries, with a particular focus on growth markets. The largest holdings are Zalando, Millicom, Tele2, Global Fashion Group, MTG and Com Hem.[3]

Kinnevik's largest shareholder is Verdere S.á.r.l., which is jointly owned by Cristina Stenbeck and the Estate of Max Stenbeck.[3]

HistoryEdit

Kinnevik was founded as an investment company in 1936 by Robert von Horn, Wilhelm Klingspor and Hugo Stenbeck. The most important holdings when the company started were Mellersta Sveriges Lantbruks AB, Lidköpings Konfektyr Industri AB and Korsnäs Sågverks AB. The company grew quickly through share purchases and acquisitions of companies that included chocolate manufacturers Nordiska Suchard and Halmstads Järnverk.[4]

The company's aggressive acquisition strategy of Swedish industrial companies continued during Kinnevik's first decades. The ownership structure of the investment company changed as Hugo Stenbeck gradually increased his holdings.[5]

Kinnevik became a listed company and obtained additional capital in a new share issue in 1954. The first shares in Sandvikens Järnverk were purchased a few years after entering the stock market.

Hugo Stenbeck replaced Wilhelm Klingspor as chairman of Kinnevik in the early 1960s. Shortly thereafter, Hugo Stenbeck's oldest son, Hugo Stenbeck Jr, became managing director of the company.[6]

Hugo Stenbeck Jr died in 1976 and his younger brother, Jan Hugo Stenbeck, joined Kinnevik's management team. Hugo Stenbeck Sr died in 1977.[5]

The shareholding in Sandvik AB increased steadily during the late 1970s, while Kinnevik increased its position in Fagersta AB. A major holding in the insurance company Atlantica was acquired in 1978.[6] Several auto companies were acquired in 1980 and were gathered under the name Svenska Motor AB. This included the import and sales of Toyota vehicles.[5]

In the early 1980s, Comvik AB launched a new mobile telephony system and after a number of legal battles with state-owned Televerket, gained a favourable ruling by The Supreme Administrative Court. In 1985, a satellite system for television distribution was completed and during the late 1980s the battle intensified with the state-owned monopolies in telecommunications, television and radio. TV3 sent its premier broadcast from London on New Year's Eve 1987. Comvik obtained authorisation to start a new mobile telephony network in 1989.[5][7] Millicom International Cellular was formed the following year.[8]

The first Kinnevik-run radio broadcasts began in 1991. During the same year, Kinnevik became the largest owner in newly established TV4 with a 20 percent shareholding. The free newspaper Metro International was launched in 1995 and the concept later spread rapidly throughout the world.[5]

Tele2 s was founded in 1993 and listed on the Stockholm stock exchange in 1996.[9][10]

In 1995, MTG was incorporated as a subsidiary of Kinnevik, having previously been a business area (Kinnevik TV & Media). MTG was spun-off to shareholders in 1997 and listed in Stockholm and New York.

Jan Hugo Stenbeck died on 19 August 2002 and was replaced by Edvard von Horn as chairman. Pehr G. Gyllenhammar became chairman in 2004 and was replaced three years later by Cristina Stenbeck.[11] In March 2016, Cristina Stenbeck announced her intention to step down as Chairman of Kinnevik and was replaced at the 2016 AGM by Tom Boardman. Cristina Stenbeck remains a board director of Kinnevik.[12]

Between 2005 and 2010, there was a major shift in the shareholdings in which ownership in Millicom increased and forestry shares decreased. At this time, the foundation was laid for investments in a number of internet businesses, particularly e-commerce companies. This profile was strengthened after 2010 with major investments in Rocket Internet, Zalando, Avito and Global Fashion Group, among others.[13]

In 2013, Kinnevik sold all its remaining shares in BillerudKorsnäs.[14] Zalando and Rocket Internet, two Kinnevik-backed companies, made their Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange in 2014.[15] In October 2015, Avito was sold to the South African media conglomerate Naspers.[16] In 2017, Kinnevik sold its remaining shareholding in Rocket Internet.[17]

Kinnevik todayEdit

Georgi Ganev was appointed CEO of Kinnevik in January 2018.[18] Dame Amelia Fawcett was appointed Chairman of Kinnevik at the Annual General Meeting 2018.[19]

Kinnevik currently operates in four sectors; TMT, E-commerce, Financial Services and Healthcare with investments in Europe, the US and selectively in other markets.

In 2018 Kinnevik expressed its support for the merger between Tele2 and Com Hem[20], later the same year Kinnevik also distributed its shares in MTG to its shareholders[21]. In 2018 Kinnevik also increased its investment in Livongo[22] and invested in Kolonial.no[23], Karma[24], BudBee[25], Pleo[26], Deposit Solutions[27], Cedar[28] and Monese[29].

SustainabilityEdit

Kinnevik defines sustainability as creating long-term shareholder and social value by building well governed companies that contribute positively to society.

Kinnevik's work with sustainability includes building sound governance, risk management and compliance structures in their investee companies, as well as promoting healthy social, environmental and economic systems.

Material aspects for Kinneviks's sustainability work

•                    Active ownership

•                    Sound governance and business practices

•                    Sustainable economic performance

•                    Team, diversity and well-being

•                    Environmental impact

Kinnevik's Corporate Responsibility Policy draws reference from international guidelines such as the UN Global Compact and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

Significant holdingsEdit

At year-end 2017, Kinnevik's Net Asset Value amounted to SEK 90,6 billion. The largest holdings are (value corresponds to Kinnevik's ownership in SEK billions):[3]

Company Value in billions (SEK)
Zalando 34
Millicom 21
Tele2 15
Global Fashion Group 5
Modern Times Group 5

ShareholdersEdit

Per 31 December 2016 [3]

Company Percent of capital Percent of votes
Verdere S.á.r.l. 10.3 43,8
Klingspor family 3.4 11.3
von Horn family 0.9 3.3
Baillie Gifford 5.9 2.5
Alecta 2.8 2.3
Swedbank Robur 3.4 1.5
Nordea 3.1 1.3
AMF 3.1 1.3
Thornburg 0.3 1.2
Morgan Stanley 0.3 1.2

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "E Hugo Stenbeck" (Press release). Riksarkivet.
  2. ^ "Georgi Ganev appointed CEO of Kinnevik | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  3. ^ a b c d "Kinnevik's Annual Report 2017" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Entreprenör" (Press release). Z Story. 1 March 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e Carlsson, Bengt (2011). Tre familjer – En historia. Brombergs Bokförlag AB.
  6. ^ a b Andersson, Per (2012). Stenbeck - En biografi över en framgångsrik affärsman. Modernista Group AB.
  7. ^ "Comviq: Background" (Press release). Comviq.se.
  8. ^ "Millicom International looks to invest in Ivory Coast" (Press release). Biztech Africa. 7 December 2014.
  9. ^ "NetCom AB byter namn till Tele2 AB - Tele2". www.tele2.com (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  10. ^ "The Share - Tele2". Tele2. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  11. ^ "Netcom byter namn till Tele2" (Press release). Affarsvarlden. 19 January 2001.
  12. ^ "Kinnevik | Kinnevik: Nomination Committee Proposal for Board of Directors and Chairman Succession". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  13. ^ "Djärvare än Jan" (Press release). Fokus. 24 January 2014.
  14. ^ nliv@svd.se, SvD Näringsliv |. "Kinnevik säljer Billerud Korsnäs". SvD.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  15. ^ "Kinnevik | Kinnevik: Final price in Zalando's IPO". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  16. ^ "Kinnevik | Kinnevik sells its entire interest in Avito for a cash consideration of USD 846 million". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  17. ^ "Kinnevik | Kinnevik: Results of the accelerated bookbuild of shares in Rocket Internet SE". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  18. ^ "Kinnevik - We build digital brands | Georgi Ganev appointed CEO of Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  19. ^ "Pressrelease: Dame Amelia Fawcett proposed to be elected Chairman of Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. 2017-12-08.
  20. ^ "Kinnevik supports the proposed merger between Tele2 and Com Hem and will become the largest owner in the combined company | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  21. ^ "Kinnevik's Board of Directors proposes to distribute Kinnevik's shares in MTG to its shareholders | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  22. ^ "Kinnevik invests USD 41 million in Livongo and increases ownership | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  23. ^ "Kinnevik invests in Kolonial.no - the leading online grocery store in Norway | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  24. ^ "Our Investments | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  25. ^ "Our Investments | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  26. ^ "Our Investments | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  27. ^ "Our Investments | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  28. ^ "Our Investments | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  29. ^ "Our Investments | Kinnevik". www.kinnevik.com. Retrieved 2018-09-07.