Invasion of England
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The term Invasion of England may refer to the following planned or actual invasions of what is now modern England, successful or otherwise.
Pre-English Settlement of parts of BritainEdit
Post-English settlement of parts of BritainEdit
- The eighth to eleventh century invasions of the British isles by the Vikings.
- Invasion and partial conquest by the Great Heathen Army in 865
- Danish invasion of England, ending successfully at the Battle of Assandun in 1016
- Invasion of Engand by Norway under Harald Hadrada, September 1066
- The 1066 Norman conquest of England under William the Conqueror
- The 1136-1138 invasions of northern England by David I of Scotland and subsequent occupation until 1157.
- The 1139 invasion of England by Matilda during The Anarchy
- The 1149 and 1153 invasions by the future Henry II during The Anarchy
- The 1216 invasion of England by Louis VIII of France and Alexander II of Scotland, during the First Barons' War.
- Various invasions by the Scots from 1314-1513 during the Wars of Scottish Independence, the Hundred Years' War, and further Anglo-Scottish Wars
- The 1326 invasion of England by Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer, leading to Isabella's regency until the ascendancy of her son, Edward III
- The 1386 invasion by France was organised but never executed during the Hundred Years' War
- The 1470 invasion in support of the Readeption of Henry VI
- The 1471 invasion of Edward IV leading to the final deposing of Henry VI of England
- The 1485 invasion via Wales by Henry Tudor leading to the Battle of Bosworth Field
- The 1487 invasion from Ireland of the pretender Lambert Simnel, who claimed to be Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick, the rightfulking
- The 1495 landing with troops at Deal by Perkin Warbeck, who claimed to be Richard of Shrewsbury, the rightful king
- The 1513 invasion of England by the Scots under James IV, which culminated in the Battle of Flodden
- The 1545 French invasion of the Isle of Wight during the Italian Wars
- The 1588 Spanish Armada was a failed invasion of England after it was heavily defeated by storms and the English fleet.
- The 1596 2nd Spanish Armada shattered by storms off Cape Finisterre
- The 1597 3rd Spanish Armada dispersed by storms off the Lizard; landfall by small number of Spanish troops in Cornwall and Wales.
- The 1640 Scottish Covenanter invasion of England as part of the Second Bishops' War, culminates at the Battle of Newburn.
- The 1644 Scottish Covenanter invasion (led by the Earl of Leven) of Northumberland as part of the First English Civil War.
- The 1648 invasion of England by a Scottish army in support of Charles I (King of Scots) against the English Parliament, launching the Second English Civil War; defeated at Preston.
- The 1667 Dutch Raid on the Medway and Felixstowe Landguard during the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
- The 1685 landing in England by the Duke of Monmouth and his supporters during the Monmouth Rebellion
- The 1688 landing in England by William III of Orange, known in historiography as the Glorious Revolution.
- The 1690 attack by the French on Teignmouth, Devon.
Following the Acts of Union 1707Edit
- The (1708) planned French invasion to put James Edward Stuart (the Old Pretender) on the British throne as part of the War of the Spanish Succession.
- The Jacobite rising of 1715, from a Scottish base, in support of James Edward Stuart, defeated at Preston.
- The (1744) planned French invasion of Britain as part of the Austrian War of Succession.
- The 1745 French-backed Jacobite invasion of Britain led by Bonnie Prince Charlie.
- The (1759) planned French invasion halted when defeated by Royal Navy at the battles of Lagos and Quiberon Bay.
- The 1778 raid of Whitehaven by John Paul Jones during the American Revolutionary War.
- The (1779) never executed Franco-Spanish plans to invade Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War.
- Landing of a small French force, led by the Irish-American William Tate, at Fishguard in February 1797
- The (1803–1809) planned but never executed Napoleonic invasion of Britain, constantly thwarted by the Royal Navy.
- The (1940) planned German Invasion of England, referred to as Operation Sea Lion.
There have been numerous portrayals of an invasion of Britain in fiction (especially by Nazi Germany) including:
- Went the Day Well? (1942)
- It Happened Here, a 1966 film portraying a Nazi invasion
- Jackboots on Whitehall (2009)
- How I Live Now, a 2013 film depicting the invasion of England by unknown terrorists
- SS-GB by Len Deighton
- The Swoop! by P. G. Wodehouse
- Asterix in Britain portraying a Roman
- Rule Britannia by Daphne du Maurier - an invasion by the United States
- The Long White Winter by Sebastian Faulks
- The Battle of Dorking by George Tomkyns Chesney
- Fatherland by Robert Harris
- Resistance by Owen Sheers
- The War of the Worlds by H. G. Wells
- The Great War in England in 1897 and The Invasion of 1910 by William Le Queux