New York State Route 895(Redirected from Interstate 895 (New York))
New York State Route 895 (NY 895; formerly Interstate 895 or I-895) is a short freeway in the New York City borough of the Bronx, forming a short connecting link in the Interstate Highway System. Its south end is at a merging with the Bruckner Expressway (I-278) in the Hunts Point neighborhood, and its north end is at the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95), with a short continuation connecting with local West Farms streets. NY 895 runs along the Arthur V. Sheridan Expressway for its entire route; the expressway is locally known as the Sheridan Expressway or just The Sheridan.
|Arthur V. Sheridan Expressway|
Map of the Bronx in New York City with NY 895 highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYSDOT|
|Length:||1.29 mi (2.08 km)|
|South end:||I-278 in Hunts Point|
|North end:||I-95 in West Farms|
The highway opened to traffic in 1963. It received an Interstate route designation in 1970. The expressway was co-named for the Bronx Borough Commissioner of Public Works Arthur V. Sheridan, who died in a motor car crash in 1952. In September 2017, the interstate was downgraded to a state route in preparation for its demolition and conversion into Sheridan Boulevard.
NY 895 begins at exit 49 on I-278, also known as the Bruckner Expressway, in the Hunts Point neighborhood of the Bronx. The 6-lane highway heads northward, paralleling the Bronx River and the Amtrak-owned Northeast Corridor railroad tracks. There is a lone interchange, which is for Westchester Avenue, at 0.6 miles (1.0 km) in. A frontage road begins to parallel the roadway until it terminates at a cul-de-sac in East Tremont. The Sheridan crosses under East 174th Street and officially ends at an interchange with the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95) in East Tremont. The roadway continues beyond the Cross Bronx as a short connector to local West Farms streets.
In 1941, the New York City Planning Department and city planner Robert Moses proposed a short expressway route to connect the Bronx Crosstown Highway (now the Cross Bronx Expressway) and the Southern Boulevard Express Highway (now the Bruckner Expressway). The purpose was to have a commercial-vehicle friendly alternate to the Bronx River Parkway. The route was originally named the Bronx River Expressway. Following the death of Arthur V. Sheridan, in August 1952 Bronx borough president James J. Lyons proposed renaming the planned highway after Sheridan. The law enacting the name change was signed by mayor Vincent R. Impellitteri on February 18, 1953. Construction began in 1958. The highway was built parallel to the Bronx River on the former site of the Starlight Park amusement park, which was condemned to provide the right-of-way for both the Sheridan and Cross Bronx Expressways. As part of the project, a city park also called Starlight Park was created in its place. An additional park, Daniel Boone Playground, was also created on land condemned for the expressway. The $9.5 million expressway was opened to traffic on February 6, 1963.
|Length:||1.29 mi (2.08 km)|
Over the years, the expressway has received a number of Interstate designations. It was originally designated as I-695 in late 1958. In early 1959, the highway designation was changed to I-895. Later that year, however, I-278 was rerouted to use the Sheridan Expressway. This was the designation of the highway when it opened in 1963. On January 1, 1970, I-278 was realigned to follow the Bruckner Expressway east to the Bruckner Interchange while the Sheridan Expressway was redesignated as I-895. The expressway's official name,
The Sheridan Expressway was originally planned to extend northeast to the New England Thruway (I-95) in Eastchester just north of Co-op City, creating a shortcut toward New England and a direct route to New England from the Triborough Bridge.:79 The extension would have been built along Boston Road (U.S. Route 1) through Bronx Park and Northeast Bronx. Shortly after the opening of the first segment of the expressway, it was projected that construction of the first extension to the Bronx River Parkway would begin 1965, and the final segment to the New England Thruway in 1967. However the project, like other Robert Moses highways, faced increasing community opposition.:80 and was cancelled by Governor Nelson Rockefeller in 1971, one year before its projected completion. Because of the cancellation of the extension, the Sheridan is locally seen as a useless stub, serving the same movements as the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87) and Bronx River Parkway.
Refurbishment plan and decommissioningEdit
The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) proposed expanding the highway in 1997 to relieve traffic congestion. The plan faced opposition rooted in claims of environmental justice from community groups, most notably the Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance, which proposed an alternative that called for the expressway to be replaced with affordable housing, schools, and a park.:87 At the time, the nearby, parallel Bronx River Parkway saw twice as many daily vehicles as did the Sheridan Expressway. Residents also opposed a proposal to connect the expressway with Hunts Point Cooperative Market to the south, saying that the NYSDOT had not consulted them about plans for the connection.
In 2001, the NYSDOT again started looking at ways to improve the highway, especially at the Bruckner Expressway junction, a source of congestion due to a merge in the southbound/westbound directions. Local groups advocated for the expressway's removal because it isolated Hunts Point from the rest of the Bronx, and proposed that new ramps from the Bruckner Expressway be built for trucks going to Hunts Point Market. However, the NYSDOT stated that removing the highway would force the 37,000 daily vehicles that use the expressway to use local streets instead. An environmental impact statement was started in 2003. In a final scoping document for the proposal in 2003, the NYSDOT conducted studies of the neighborhood and found that the best option was to make the intersection with Bruckner Expressway a full interchange, with the Sheridan Expressway able to access both directions of the expressway and vice versa. The Sheridan Expressway itself would be decommissioned, and several alternatives all proposed easier access to Hunts Point Market.
In 2008, NYSDOT announced that it was holding talks with community officials for an alternative community plan. The plan gained momentum in July 2010; however, the state opposed the plan to demolish the highway, citing a study showing that local traffic would be worsened. On June 11, 2012, the Daily News reported that the administration of New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg was also opposed to the removal. The dispute between the local community and the city and state governments led to a stalemate, what the Daily News called a "crossroads" and "a road to nowhere".
In March 2017, Governor Andrew Cuomo announced that the expressway would be demolished and replaced with a boulevard. The 2017 New York State budget included $97 million for decommissioning the Interstate designation and the Sheridan Expressway, as recommended by the New York City Council and New York City Department of Transportation. Another $600 million was later added to the budget, bringing the total budget to nearly $700 million. The decommissioning would comprise the first phase of a project that would cost a total of $1.8 billion. On September 24, 2017, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials decommissioned Interstate 895, the road reverting to New York State Route 895.
Plans call for the expressway to be demolished and converted into a lower-speed boulevard called "Sheridan Boulevard" by 2019. The new boulevard would include traffic lights at Jennings, 172nd, and 173rd Streets, with crosswalks that connect the residential area on the current expressway's west side with Starlight Park on its east. As of 2017[update], the park was only accessible via the East 174th Street bridge that crosses both the expressway and the Bronx River. The project is expected to improve pedestrian safety and access to both Starlight Park and the Bronx River shoreline. Exit ramps to Edgewater Road would be built from southbound Sheridan Boulevard, as well as from both directions of Bruckner Expressway, providing direct access to Hunts Point Market; most of the project's cost would come from building these ramps. At the time of the proposal, up to 13,000 trucks per day simply detoured through local streets to get to the market, which elicited complaints from residents.
|Hunts Point||0.00||0.00||I-278 west – Robert F. Kennedy Bridge||Exit 49 on I-278|
|0.20||0.32||Bruckner Boulevard||Northbound entrance only|
|0.61||0.98||Westchester Avenue – Hunts Point Market||No southbound entrance|
|West Farms||1.29||2.08||I-95 south – George Washington Bridge, Trenton, NJ||No northbound entrance; exit 4A on I-95|
|1.40||2.25||West Farms Road||Southbound exit ramp in planning stages|
|1.50||2.41||East 177th Street / East Tremont Avenue to I-95 north / Bronx River Parkway||At-grade intersection|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Expressway Link To Open Feb. 6" (PDF). Times Union. Albany, NY. January 6, 1963. p. A3. Retrieved February 20, 2017 – via Fultonhistory.com.
- State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved July 13, 2010.
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- "Starlight Park: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
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- Moses, Robert (November 11, 1945). "New Highways for a Better New York; We have started a program, says Mr. Moses, which will give us a less congested and more comfortable and accessible city". The New York Times. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
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- "Chapter 2: Greenway Route from South to North" (PDF). Bronx River Greenway Strategic Plan. Bronx River Alliance. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
- "Photo Report on Progress of Cross Bronx Expressway" (PDF). New York Post. April 30, 1950. Retrieved February 27, 2017 – via Fultonhistory.com.
- "Daniel Boone Playground: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- "Expressway to Open" (PDF). Yonkers Herald Statesman. February 4, 1963. Retrieved February 20, 2017 – via Fultonhistory.com.
- "Sheridan Expressway – Historical Sign". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
- 30 Years of Progress: 1934-1965 (PDF). New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. June 9, 1964. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
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- "Moses' Postwar Highway Plan To Affect North Bronx Sector" (PDF). The Daily Argus. North Bronx. April 5, 1945. Retrieved February 20, 2017 – via Fultonhistory.com.
- "Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance Stand On Sheridan During Rush Hour" (PDF) (Press release). Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance. July 21, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- Dolnick, Sam (July 12, 2010). "Plan to Remove Bronx Expressway Gains Traction". The New York Times. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
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- Cite error: The named reference
Lakhman 1999was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- Copage, Eric V (1999-08-22). "NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: HUNTS POINT; Face-Off Over Highway Link". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
- O'Grady, Jim (2001-11-11). "NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: BRONX UP CLOSE; Sheridan's Fork in the Road: Either Fix It or Kill It". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
- "Final Public Scoping Document for the New York State Department of Transportation's Bruckner-Sheridan Interchange Reconstruction EIS". New York State Department of Transportation. September 4, 2003. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
- "Conclusion of Public Scoping and Alternative Design Refinement Process" (Press release). New York State Department of Transportation. August 7, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
- Dolnick, Sam (July 13, 2010). "Local Traffic Would Worsen Without Sheridan, Study Shows". The New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- Deekman, Daniel (June 11, 2012). "Transportation officials nix Sheridan Expressway removal". Daily News. New York. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
- Beekman, Daniel (July 20, 2010). "Sheridan at crossroads: Local advocates want expressway closed, but DOT warns of traffic snafus". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- Durkin, Erin (March 19, 2017). "Cuomo announces Sheridan Expressway to be demolished in favor of pedestrian boulevard in the Bronx". New York Daily News. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
- McGeehan, Patrick (2017-03-19). "Cuomo Plots Demise of Bronx's Unloved Sheridan Expressway". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
- Sheridan Blvd Overall Plan. governor.ny.gov. New York State Department of Transportation. 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
- Google (January 9, 2016). "Sheridan Expressway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2016.