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Interstate 85 Business (North Carolina)

In the U.S. state of North Carolina, Interstate 85 Business (commonly referred to as Business 85) is a 29.8-mile-long (48.0 km) business loop of Interstate 85 which serves several cities in the Piedmont Triad.

Interstate 85 Business marker

Interstate 85 Business
Route of Business 85 highlighted in green
Route information
Length29.8 mi[1] (48.0 km)
Existed1984–present
Major junctions
South end I-85 / I-285 / US 29 / US 52 / US 70 in Lexington
 
North end I-85 / US 29 / US 70 in Greensboro
Location
CountiesDavidson, Randolph, Guilford
Highway system

Route descriptionEdit

Business 85, which shares a complete concurrency with US 29 and US 70, begins at a partial Y interchange with I-85 (exit 87) in Lexington. Heading north for 4.4 miles (7.1 km), along with I-285 and US 52, it goes through another partial Y interchange (exit 87) before leaving the freeway. Changing to a semi-limited expressway, it serves as a northern bypass of downtown Lexington, sharing a brief concurrency with US 64.[2] After leaving the city limits, Business 85 heads in a northeast direction in parallel to I-85 further south. After it travels through Thomasville, it enters the city of High Point in DavidsonRandolph county line.[3] Briefly in Randolph County for 1.6 miles (2.6 km), it enters Guilford County.[4] East of downtown High Point, Business 85 shares a unique three-level diamond interchange with I-74/US 311 before leaving the city limits.[5] At the Greensboro city limit, Business 85 completes its 30.7 miles (49.4 km) journey with a trumpet interchange with I-85 (exit 118).[6]

HistoryEdit

 
I-40/I-85 Business overhead sign

Established in 1984 as redesignation of Temp I-85, Business 85 traversed from Lexington to Greensboro, with complete concurrency with US 29 and US 70, when I-85 was completed on a more southern parallel routing.

In May 2005, I-85 was redirected southeast around Greensboro along the Greensboro Urban Loop; its old routing through Greensboro became an extension of Business 85, extending it from 29.8 miles (48.0 km) to 43 miles (69 km).[7][8] The extension included a hidden 2-mile (3.2 km) concurrency along I-85 (between exits 118-120A) before split-off again with US 29 and US 70. In merging onto I-40 (exit 219), it continued easterly before meeting back with I-85 (exit 227) near McLeansville. In October 2018, Business 85 was reverted to its original 29.8-mile (48.0 km) alignment. The justification was to eliminate a redundant route and decrease the number of routing shields and overhead signs through Greensboro.[9][10]

Temporary Interstate 85Edit

 

 

Interstate 85 Temporary
LocationLexingtonGreensboro, NC
Length30.8 mi[11] (49.6 km)
Existed1961–1984

Temporary Interstate 85 (Temp I-85) was established by 1961 as a temporary designation that directed travelers along US 29/US 70, from the Yadkin River to Greensboro.[12] In 1977, a flyover bridge was completed (dubbed "bridge over nothing," it later became part of I-85 exit 87), truncating Temp I-85 south-end near Lexington.[13][14] In 1984, I-85 was completed on new primary routing between Lexington and Greensboro; Temp I-85 was replaced by I-85 Business.

Junction listEdit

CountyLocationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
DavidsonLexington0.00.0      I-85 south / I-285 end / US 29 south / US 52 south / US 70 west – Salisbury, CharlotteContinuation as I-85/US 29/US 52/US 70; southbound exit and northbound entrance
0.60.97   NC 47 east to I-85 northUS 52 exit 84; to Davidson County Airport
1.52.4Green Needles RoadUS 52 exit 85
2.84.5Salisbury Road – Downtown LexingtonUS 52 exit 86
3.76.0   I-285 north / US 52 north – Winston-SalemUS 52 exit 87; north end of I-285/US 52 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
4.77.6Old US 64
5.28.4  US 64 west – MocksvilleWest end of US 64 overlap
6.210.0  NC 8 (Winston Road) – Lexington, Winston-Salem
7.111.4  US 64 east – AsheboroEast end of US 64 overlap
Thomasville14.323.0Lexington Avenue – ThomasvilleNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
16.726.9  NC 109 (Salem Street) – Thomasville, Winston-Salem
18.429.6  NC 68 (National Highway) – Thomasville, West High PointTo Piedmont Triad International Airport
RandolphHigh Point19.531.4Old Thomasville Road – High Point
Guilford20.332.7Prospect Street
21.334.3West Green Drive
22.135.6Surrett Drive
22.836.7Main Street – High Point
24.038.6  I-74 / Brentwood Street – Winston-Salem, AsheboroBrentwood Street has a separate exit northbound; three-level diamond interchange
25.240.6Baker Road
26.242.2Kivett Drive – East High Point
Greensboro28.846.3Vickery Chapel Road / Guildford College Road – Jamestown
29.848.0    I-85 / US 29 north / US 70 east – Charlotte, GreensboroNorth end of US 29 and west end of US 70 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Google (December 21, 2018). "Interstate 85 Business (North Carolina)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  2. ^ Davidson County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by NCDOT. North Carolina Department of Transportation. October 2018. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. § Sheet 2 of 8. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  3. ^ Davidson County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by NCDOT. North Carolina Department of Transportation. October 2018. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. § Sheet 5 of 8. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  4. ^ Randolph County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by NCDOT. North Carolina Department of Transportation. December 2018. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. § Sheet 3 of 5. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  5. ^ Guilford County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by NCDOT. North Carolina Department of Transportation. September 2018. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. § Sheet 8 of 10. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  6. ^ Guilford County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by NCDOT. North Carolina Department of Transportation. September 2018. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. § Sheet 9 of 10. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  7. ^ "Route Change (2005-05-02)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. May 2, 2005. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Google (December 21, 2018). "Interstate 85 Business (North Carolina) 2005-2018" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  9. ^ "Route Change (2018-10-31)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. October 31, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  10. ^ "Route Change (2018-10-31B)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. October 31, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  11. ^ Google (April 17, 2014). "Temporary Interstate 85" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  12. ^ 1970 North Carolina Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Cartography by NCDOT. North Carolina Department of Transportation. 1970. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  13. ^ "Uglybridges.com: US29&70/I-85 BUS LP over I-85". Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  14. ^ 1979-80 North Carolina Transportation Map & Guide to Points of Interest (PDF) (Map). Cartography by NCDOT. North Carolina Department of Transportation. 1979. Retrieved April 17, 2014.

External linksEdit