Interstate 84 in Idaho
Interstate 84 (I-84) in the U.S. state of Idaho is a major Interstate Highway that traverses the state from the Oregon line in the northwest to Utah in the southeast. It primarily follows the Snake River across a plain that includes the cities of Boise, Mountain Home, and Twin Falls. The highway is one of the busiest in Idaho and is designated as the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway.
|Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway|
I-84 highlighted in red
|Maintained by ITD|
|Length||275.650 mi (443.616 km)|
|West end||I-84 at Oregon state line|
|East end||I-84 at Utah state line|
|Counties||Payette, Canyon, Ada, Elmore, Gooding, Jerome, Minidoka, Cassia, Oneida|
I-84 runs for 276 miles (444 km) within Idaho, beginning near Ontario, Oregon, and traveling concurrent with several U.S. routes through the Boise metropolitan area and Mountain Home towards Twin Falls. I-84 splits away from US 30 and the Snake River at a junction with I-86 near Declo, where it turns southeast to cross the Sublett Range into northern Utah. The highway has an auxiliary route, I-184, which serves downtown Boise.
I-84 is the longest Interstate highway in Idaho, covering 276 miles (444 km) and connecting several of the state's largest metropolitan areas. It has a single auxiliary route, I-184 in Boise, and several business routes. The highway was officially designated as the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway in 2014, mirroring the name for Oregon's section of I-84. The Idaho section of I-84 is maintained by the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD), which conducts an annual survey of traffic on certain highway segments that is expressed in terms of average annual daily traffic (AADT), a measure of traffic volume for any average day of the year. Average daily traffic volumes on I-84 in 2018 ranged from a minimum of 9,552 vehicles near Sweetzer Summit and 139,113 vehicles at I-184 in western Boise.
Treasure Valley and BoiseEdit
I-84 enters the state of Idaho after crossing the Snake River from Ontario, Oregon, west of Fruitland, Idaho. The four-lane freeway travels southeast along the Snake River and passes an eastbound-only rest area and visitors center, which mirrors a westbound facility on the Oregon side of the river. Its first interchange is with US 95, the primary north–south highway in Idaho, at Palisades Corner south of Fruitland. I-84 continues southeast across farmland in the Snake River Plain and straddles the edge of a hill. South of New Plymouth the freeway intersects and becomes concurrent with US 30. The paired highways continue south along the side of a hill and cross into Canyon County northeast of Notus.
The freeway enters the Treasure Valley, which also constitutes much of the Boise metropolitan area, near the outskirts of Caldwell and intersects State Highway 44 (SH-44), which continues east to Middleton and Eagle. Shortly before crossing the Boise River into Downtown Caldwell, I-84 and US 30 begin a brief concurrency with US 20 and US 26, with both continue west towards Parma and the Oregon state border. The freeway skirts the north side of Downtown Caldwell, which is served by a designated business route, and passes through residential neighborhoods before US 20 and US 26 split off and travel east onto Franklin Road. I-84 and US 30 continue southeast through an industrial area and pass the Caldwell Industrial Airport and Karcher Mall before reaching the city of Nampa. The freeway travels through an industrial area on the northwestern side of Nampa, parallel to a set of railroad tracks, but turns east to bypass the city center. SH-55 joins the concurrency at an interchange with Karcher Road and I-84 Business returns to the freeway at an interchange located near Nampa Gateway Center, the Nampa campus of the College of Western Idaho, and the Ford Idaho Center.
I-84 expands from four lanes to eight lanes as it leaves Nampa and enters Ada County, passing through suburban neighborhoods in Meridian. The freeway crosses under two single-point urban interchanges at Ten Mile Road and SH-69, along with a partial cloverleaf interchange where SH-55 splits from the concurrency to head north. I-84 enters the city of Boise and expands to ten lanes before an interchange with I-184, an auxiliary route that travels into Downtown Boise. I-84 turns southeast and travels around the city's outer residential neighborhoods, passing the main terminal at Boise Airport and a nearby industrial area. The freeway is rejoined by US 20 and US 26 before leaving Boise, climbing out of Treasure Valley by following Fivemile Creek over a barren plateau.
Mountain Home and Magic ValleyEdit
The highway crosses into Elmore County and rejoins the Union Pacific Railroad's Nampa Subdivision as it passes the Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area. I-84 then travels around the city of Mountain Home, while a signed business route serves the city center and leads to the nearby Mountain Home Air Force Base. On the east side of the city, I-84 intersects SH-51 and ends its concurrency with US 20, which continues east towards Sun Valley, Idaho Falls, and Yellowstone National Park. I-84, US 26, and US 30 continue southeast through the conservation area and descends from the plateau into the Snake River Plain. The freeway travels around the north side of Hammett, which is served by a business route that connects to SH-78, and reaches the Snake River.
I-84 travels upstream along the north bank of the Snake River to Glenns Ferry, where it bypasses the town and Three Island Crossing State Park. The freeway crosses over the river twice east of Glenns Ferry to avoid a bend in the river, which is followed by the railroad. After entering Gooding County, I-84 reaches the town of Bliss, where US 30 and US 26 both split from the freeway and end their concurrency. US 30 travels south along the Snake River towards Hagerman, while US 26 runs east across the plains to Gooding and Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve. The freeway continues southeast and crosses 250 feet (76 m) over the Mallad Gorge (part of Thousand Springs State Park) on a pair of level bridges. I-84 then passes through farmland on the edge of a lava plain while following an abandoned railroad right of way to Wendell, where it intersects SH-46.
The freeway travels around the south side of Wendell and turns east to follow an active railroad through a rural area that marks the boundary of Jerome County. I-84 reaches the county seat, also named Jerome, and turns southeast after intersecting SH-25 to bypass the city. The interstate intersects SH-79 on the south side of Jerome and reaches a partial cloverleaf interchange with US 93 across the Snake River Canyon from the city of Twin Falls. I-84 then proceeds eastward through the rural Magic Valley, staying on the north side of the Snake River. It intersects SH-50 at Tipperary Corner and bends south around Skeleton Butte and a municipal airport in Hazelton. Between Hazelton and the Minidoka County line, I-84 is concurrent with SH-25, which continues along the north side of the valley.
I-84 passes north of Burley, intersecting SH-27 near Paul. At a partial cloverleaf interchange in northeastern Heyburn, the freeway intersects SH-24 and is rejoined by US 30, beginning a new concurrency as the highway leaves the Magic Valley. I-84 crosses over the Snake River into Cassia County and intersects SH-25 and SH-25 at an interchange on the east bank of the river near Declo. Near the Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge, I-84 reaches the western terminus of I-86, which carries US 30 and follows the Snake River upstream to American Falls and Pocatello. I-84 turns southeast from the interchange and continues into the Raft River Valley, running parallel to SH-81 near Horse Butte in view of the Cotterel Mountains.
After crossing the rural valley, I-84 begins following Meadow Creek and climbs into Mortenson Canyon, which marks the northeastern extent of the Black Pine Mountains. The highway crests at Sweetzer Summit, located 5,522 feet (1,683 m) above sea level, and descends into the Juniper Valley on the south side of the Sublett Range in Sawtooth National Forest. I-84 continues southeast across the valley, passing a set of rest areas in Oneida County, and reaches the Utah state border northwest of Snowville. The freeway continues into Utah and passes through Ogden before terminating at a junction with I-80 in the Wasatch Range.
Prior to the construction of I-84, the corridor was served by Idaho State Highway 2 and Route A of the Sampson Trails system. U.S. Route 30 was created in 1926 under the national numbered highway system, traveling through southern Idaho along the historic Oregon Trail. Near Declo, US 30 split into two routes: U.S. Route 30N, following the Snake River to Pocatello, and U.S. Route 30S, providing a shorter connection to the Salt Lake City area.
The Interstate highway was initially designated in 1957 as Interstate 82, but was renumbered as Interstate 80N in 1958 to correspond with US 30. It remained as Interstate 80N until May 1, 1980, when it was changed to Interstate 84 to eliminate confusion with the western section of the non-suffixed I-80, which split from I-80N in Salt Lake City and continued west to San Francisco.
The route of I-80N between Nampa and Boise was selected in 1958 as one of eight proposals and completed in stages between 1965 and 1968. Rural sections in southwestern Idaho had already been completed by the mid-1960s, connecting Ontario, Oregon, to Caldwell, and Boise to Mountain Home. The Nampa–Meridian section opened to traffic on September 29, 1965, completing 6.6 miles (10.6 km) of the freeway. The freeway was extended west from Nampa to Caldwell on December 21, 1966, filling a gap in Interstate 80N and connecting to an already-completed rural section. The 11-mile (18 km) bypass around southeastern Boise was opened in November 1969 and cost $6.5 million to construct. Another section was opened around the same time in Sublett, which caused the killing of 18 mule deer from a local herd from collisions with drivers within the first six weeks.
Several rest areas on I-84 were closed in 1992 due to budget cuts and maintenance issues and their restoration was dependent on several federal highway bills that were never passed.
To address increasing traffic congestion in the Boise metropolitan area, fueled by population growth and suburban development, the Idaho Transportation Department has widened sections of I-84 in recent years. A 6-mile (9.7 km) section between eastern Nampa and Meridian was widened to six lanes in October 2009 and eight lanes in August 2011 as part of a $113 million expansion program. The agency has also built several single-point urban interchanges in Meridian and Boise to improve efficiency. The section through Nampa is planned to be widened to six lanes by 2021 at a cost of $150 million.
In 2017, the Idaho Transportation Department also began work to resurface and restore 15 bridges on I-84 that had deteriorated over their lifespan. The project also included pavement repair and improvements on 21 miles (34 km) of the highway in the Magic Valley region.
|Payette||||0.000||0.000||I-84 west – Portland||Continuation into Oregon|
|||2.876||4.628||3||US-95 – Parma, Fruitland, Payette||Primary commercial route to north Idaho|
|||9.498||15.286||9||US-30 west – Emmett, New Plymouth||West end of US-30 overlap|
|||12.906||20.770||13||Black Canyon Junction|
|||24.839||39.974||25||SH-44 – Middleton|
|||25.994||41.833||26||US-20 west / US-26 west – Parma, Notus||West end of US-20/US-26 overlap|
|Caldwell||26.723||43.006||27||I-84 Business Loop east to SH-19 – Caldwell, Wilder, Homedale|
|27.620||44.450||28||10th Avenue – Caldwell City Center|
|28.650||46.108||29||US-20 east / US-26 east (Franklin Road)||East end of US-20/US-26 overlap|
|Nampa||33.539||53.976||33||SH-55 south / Midland Boulevard – Nampa, Marsing||West end of SH-55 overlap; signed as exits 33A (SH-55) and 33B (Midland Boulevard) westbound|
|37.945||61.067||38||I-84 Business Loop west (Garrity Boulevard) – Nampa, Murphy||Exit for the Ford Idaho Center|
|Ada||Meridian||42.000||67.592||42||Ten Mile Road|
|44.007||70.822||44||SH-69 – Meridian, Kuna|
|45.998||74.027||46||SH-55 north – McCall, Eagle||East end of SH-55 overlap|
|Boise||49.307||79.352||49||I-184 east / Franklin Road – Boise City Center||I-184 exit 0 westbound.|
|50.140||80.693||50||Overland Road, Cole Road||Signed as exits 50A (West Overland Road) and 50B (Cole Road/Overland Road) eastbound, and 50A (Cole Road/Overland Road) and 50B (East Overland Road) westbound|
|53.483||86.073||53||Vista Avenue – Boise Airport|
|54.485||87.685||54||US-20 west / US-26 west (Broadway Avenue) – Boise City Center||West end of US-20/US-26 overlap|
|56.932||91.623||57||SH-21 (Gowen Road) – Idaho City||Exit for South Federal Way|
|||59.510||95.772||59||South Eisenman Road Interchange||Signed as exits 59A (South Eisenman IC) and 59B (Memory Road) eastbound|
|||63.517||102.221||64||Blacks Creek Road – Kuna|
|||90.280||145.292||90||I-84 Business Loop east to SH-51 / SH-67 – Mountain Home, Bruneau|
|Mountain Home||95.193||153.198||95||US-20 east – Fairfield, Mountain Home, Sun Valley||East end of US-20 overlap|
|||99.570||160.242||99||I-84 Business Loop west (Bennett Road, Old Oregon Trail Road) to SH-51 / SH-67 – Mountain Home|
|||111.800||179.925||112||I-84 Business Loop east to SH-78 – Hammett|
|||113.856||183.233||114||I-84 Business Loop west to SH-78 / Cold Springs Road – Hammett||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|||120.149||193.361||120||I-84 Business Loop east – Glenns Ferry||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|||121.094||194.882||121||I-84 Business Loop west – King Hill, Glenns Ferry|
|Gooding||||137.060||220.577||137||I-84 Business Loop east / US-30 east / Pioneer Road – Buhl, Bliss||East end of US-30 overlap|
|||140.405||225.960||141||I-84 Business Loop west / US-26 east to US-30 – Gooding, Hagerman, Bliss||East end of US-26 overlap|
|||155.260||249.867||155||To SH-46 – Wendell, Hagerman|
|||156.581||251.993||157||SH-46 – Gooding, Wendell|
|Jerome||||165.160||265.799||165||SH-25 – Jerome|
|||168.010||270.386||168||SH-79 – Jerome|
|||173.013||278.437||173||US-93 – Twin Falls, Sun Valley||Main exit into Twin Falls via the Perrine Bridge|
|||181.930||292.788||182||SH-50 – Kimberly, Eden, Twin Falls|
|||188.301||303.041||188||Valley Road – Hazelton, Eden|
|||193.525||311.448||194||SH-25 west (Ridgeway Road) – Hazelton||West end of SH-25 overlap|
|||200.536||322.731||201||SH-25 east / Kasota Road – Paul||East end of SH-25 overlap|
|Minidoka||||208.015||334.768||208||I-84 Business Loop east / SH-27 – Paul, Burley|
|||210.591||338.913||211||I-84 Business Loop west / US-30 west / SH-24 – Burley, Heyburn, Rupert||West end of US-30 overlap|
|Cassia||||216.395||348.254||216||SH-25 / SH-77 – Albion, Rupert, Declo|
|||221.880||357.081||222||I-86 east / US-30 east to I-15 – Pocatello||East end of US-30 overlap|
|||227.950||366.850||228||To SH-81 / Yale Road – Malta, Declo|
|||244.810||393.984||245||Sublett Road – Malta|
|||275.650||443.616||I-84 east – Ogden, Salt Lake City||Continuation into Utah|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Idaho Transportation Department, Milepoint Log Reports Archived 2004-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
- "Interstate 84 – Idaho". Idaho Transportation Department. May 2006. Archived from the original on September 1, 2010. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- Russell, Betsy (August 12, 2014). "I-84 now officially Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- "Idaho S1227: "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-22. Retrieved 2014-08-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)"
- "ATR & WIM Data: Interstate 84". Idaho Transportation Department. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
- "Rest Area Map". Idaho Transportation Department. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Google (March 14, 2019). "Interstate 84 (Idaho)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Idaho State Highway Map (PDF) (Map). 1:1,248,000. Idaho Transportation Department. May 2017. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "I-84 history remade". The Idaho Press-Tribune. October 30, 2009. p. 1.
- Beech, Holly (September 6, 2015). "Meridian Interchange about 2 months away from completion". Idaho Press. p. 3. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- "Idaho Statewide Rail Plan" (PDF). Idaho Transportation Department. June 21, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Weeks, Andrew (May 20, 2009). "Historic Malad Gorge popular outdoors spot". Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Welch, Laurie (December 6, 2009). "Lonesome highway". Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. p. 5. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Cothern, Mike (September 1, 2011). "A Lesser Known Mountain Range Offers Hikers Birds-eye View of Great Salt Lake". Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Utah Official Highway Map (Map). Utah Department of Transportation. 2017. OCLC 1056775025. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- 1926 map of Southern Idaho
- American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Public Roads. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved April 21, 2019 – via University of North Texas Libraries.
- "Interstate 82N Changed to 80N". Idaho State Journal. Pocatello, Idaho. July 5, 1958. p. 8. Retrieved April 21, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Interstate 80N will become Interstate 84 on May Day". Statesman Journal. April 3, 1980. p. B. Retrieved April 21, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Interstate signs changed to read I-84". Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. April 25, 1980. p. B2. Retrieved April 23, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Benthien, Arden (September 4, 1965). "Gap Being Filled In Superhighway". Weekender Magazine. Idaho Free Press. p. 3. Retrieved April 19, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Interstate Opens Near Boise". Idaho State Journal. Associated Press. December 13, 1968. p. 8. Retrieved April 19, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Benthien, Arden (September 29, 1965). "Nampa-to-Meridian Superhighway Opens". Idaho Free Press. Nampa, Idaho. p. 1. Retrieved April 23, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Mayors Cite Importance Of New Highway Section". Idaho Free Press. Nampa, Idaho. December 21, 1966. p. 1. Retrieved April 23, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "New Interstate Link Opens Boise Bypass". Idaho State Journal. Associated Press. December 1, 1969. p. A2. Retrieved April 19, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Studying wildlife ecology through road-killed animals". Idaho State Journal. October 31, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- Williams, Terrell; Garber, Virginia (July 17, 1996). "New Interstate 84 rest area slated for Malad Gorge". Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. p. B1. Retrieved April 20, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kreller, Kathleen (November 14, 2004). "Meridian growth, traffic on a collision course". Idaho Statesman. p. 1.
- Nance, Jesse (October 31, 2009). "I-84 milestone celebrated". Idaho Press. p. 1.
- Sewell, Cynthia (August 2, 2011). "Fourth westbound lane on I-84 between Meridian, Garrity interchanges will open Wednesday". Idaho Statesman.
- "Ten Mile Interchange now open". Idaho Press. May 25, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- Brown, Ruth (August 29, 2018). "Commuters rejoice! I-84 stretch will finally be widened thanks to a $90 million grant". Idaho Statesman. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- Kennison, Heather (April 27, 2017). "State to spend $36M in new construction in region". Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interstate 84 in Idaho.|
- Idaho Transportation Dept. – Milepost log – Interstate 84
- Roadcams – Interstate 84
- David Rumsey Map Collection – Historic road map (1937) – Idaho, Montana, Wyoming – Texaco (Rand McNally)
- Idaho highway map (1956) – Shell (H.M. Gousha)