Interstate 794

Interstate 794 (abbreviated I-794; also known as East–West Freeway, Lake Parkway, and Lake Freeway) is a 3.50-mile (5.63 km) Interstate Highway spur route in Milwaukee County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It is one of two auxiliary Interstates in the Milwaukee metropolitan area and serves the lakefront, the Port of Milwaukee and connects downtown with the southeastern suburbs of St. Francis, Cudahy and South Milwaukee.

Interstate 794 marker
Interstate 794
Lake Freeway
East–West Freeway
I-794 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-94
Maintained by WisDOT
Length3.50 mi[1] (5.63 km)
Existed1969[citation needed]–present
Major junctions
West end I-43 / I-94 in Milwaukee
East end WIS 794 in Milwaukee
Location
CountiesMilwaukee
Highway system
I-535.svg I-535WIS 794.svg WIS 794

Route descriptionEdit

I-794 begins at the Marquette Interchange in downtown Milwaukee, where Interstate 94 and Interstate 43 meet. It continues eastward through downtown and turns southward near Lake Michigan at Lincoln Memorial Drive. The route crosses the Milwaukee River and the Port of Milwaukee as well as the Henry Maier Festival Park via the Hoan Bridge. The entire route is elevated on a viaduct. The interstate designation ends at exit 3 at Carferry Drive, which provides access to the Lake Express ferry to Muskegon, Michigan; the highway continues south as WIS 794, also known as the Lake Parkway, to the intersection of Pennsylvania and Edgerton Avenues on Cudahy's west side, running parallel and adjacent to the east side of Milwaukee Mitchell International Airport.[2] Traffic volumes on I-794 range from 40,400 vehicles per day on the Hoan Bridge to 100,000 on the east–west Freeway.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
The Lake Freeway as seen from the air

The original plans for the Lake Freeway called for it to begin north of downtown Milwaukee at a connection to the proposed Park East Freeway, then to travel south from the downtown Milwaukee area to Milwaukee Mitchell International Airport. However, the Hoan Bridge was the only segment of the freeway to be built before strong opposition to the freeway resulted in its cancellation.[4] This led to the Hoan Bridge being called the "Bridge to Nowhere" as it sat unused, with both of its ends unconnected to any other road, for three years. The unfinished bridge was long held as being used as the site of the car chase scene in the movie The Blues Brothers.[5] In a 2016 article for the Shepherd Express, author Michael J. Prigge, pointing out that the bridge had been opened for two years when the film was shot indicated another incomplete segment of I-794 had been used for the scene.[6] An east–west freeway was later constructed between the Marquette Interchange and the Hoan Bridge, creating what is now known as I-794.

As part of his campaign against freeways in Milwaukee, Mayor John O. Norquist proposed to tear down the I-794 portion of the east–west freeway in 1995 in favor of a surface boulevard. He believed that the freeway was cutting off the Historic Third Ward from the rest of downtown Milwaukee. His effort failed when opposition to the removal cited increased traffic volume on the road as well as the new Lake Parkway nearing completion. After opening, the Lake Parkway helped traffic volumes on I-794 to increase to 111,000 vehicles per day by 2004.[5]

The Marquette Interchange construction project undertaken between 2004 and 2008 rebuilt the east-west viaduct section of I-794 between the interchange and the Milwaukee River.

In February 2010, Milwaukee County Supervisor Patricia Jursik and South Milwaukee Mayor Tom Zepecki proposed a plan to expand I-794/Lake Parkway to Racine County. The expansion would follow an existing railroad corridor and was intended to relieve traffic along I-94.[7]

Exit listEdit

The entire route is in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County.

mikmExit[8]DestinationsNotes
0.00.01A  I-94 west (East–West Freeway) – MadisonWestern terminus; western end of East–West Freeway
0.40.641B    I-43 south (North–South Freeway) / I-94 east – Chicago
0.40.641C  I-43 north (North–South Freeway) – Green Bay
0.60.971HSt. Paul Avenue / James Lovell StreetEastbound exit from I-43/I-94 only[9]
0.71.11DPlankinton AvenueEastbound exit from I-43/I-94 only[9]
0.8–
0.9
1.3–
1.4
Bridge over the Milwaukee River
0.91.41EEB: Jackson Street south / Van Buren Street north
WB: Milwaukee Street – Downtown
Signed eastbound for Jackson and Van Buren streets and westbound for Milwaukee Street
1.11.81FEB: Lakefront
WB: Michigan Street / Lincoln Memorial Drive
Signed eastbound for the lakefront, and Michigan Street westbound; eastern end of East–West Freeway name ends; northern end of Lake Freeway
2.03.2Hoan Bridge over the Kinnickinnic River
3.15.03Port of Milwaukee
3.55.6  WIS 794 south (Lake Parkway)Eastern terminus; southern end of Lake Freeway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Price, Jeff (May 6, 2019). "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of December 31, 2018". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  2. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). Milwaukee Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 25, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
  3. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (2007). Milwaukee County Freeway System 2007 Mainline AADT Only Annual Average Daily Traffic (PDF) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Sheet 2 of 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 1, 2010. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  4. ^ Bessert, Chris. "Lake Freeway". Wisconsin Highways.[self-published source]
  5. ^ a b Bessert, Chris. "Highways 400–894". Wisconsin Highways. I-894. Retrieved March 7, 2009.[self-published source]
  6. ^ Prigge, Michael J. (September 12, 2016). "Bridge to Nowhere! A Brief History of the Hoan Bridge Part II". Shepherd Express. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  7. ^ Mallet, George (February 27, 2010). "Plan to Expand Lake Parkway in Works". Milwaukee: WTMJ-TV. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
  8. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation. "Exit numbers on Interstate 794". Archived from the original on August 6, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
  9. ^ a b Google (December 12, 2007). "Interstate 794" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 12, 2007.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata