Interstate 280 (Ohio)
Interstate 280 (I-280) is a 12.41-mile-long highway that connects I-75 in northeast Toledo, Ohio with I-80/I-90 (part of the Ohio Turnpike) southeast of the city in northeastern Wood County, Ohio. Built between 1955 and 1959, the route was originally part of the Detroit-Toledo Expressway. Although first designated in 1959, the highway originally contained several at-grade intersections and other features which left it substandard to the Interstate Highway System until 1990. Further construction in 2007 built a new crossing of the Maumee River, replacing an outdated drawbridge. The highway serves as an easterly bypass of metropolitan Toledo, passing through the communities of Northwood and Oregon. It is one of two auxiliary Interstate highways serving Toledo, the other being Interstate 475.
I-280 highlighted in red
|Auxiliary route of I-80|
|Maintained by ODOT|
|Length||12.41 mi (19.97 km)|
|South end||I-80 / I-90 / Ohio Turnpike / SR 420 in Lake Township|
|North end||I-75 in Toledo|
The southern end of I-280 is an interchange in Wood County with exit 71 along the Ohio Turnpike, which carries Interstate 80 and Interstate 90 at this point. South of this interchange, the I-280 freeway transitions to State Route 420 (SR 420), a divided highway without access control, that also provides access to a truck stop and other businesses. Continuing north, I-280 runs through farm land and through an interchange with Bahnsen Road, which also provides access to other motorist- and trucking-related businesses. North of the SR 795 interchange, the freeway turns to the northwest. At the Walbridge Road interchange in Walbridge, Ohio, I-280 turns back due north. On either side of the Interstate, the surroundings transition from farms to residential subdivisions. I-280 crosses a major Norfolk Southern railroad line also used by the Capitol Limited and Lake Shore Limited passenger train routes operated by Amtrak. North of this crossing, the freeway passes into Lucas County.
I-280 turns northwesterly again in the city of Oregon. This area is suburban residential neighborhoods as the freeway approaches the Maumee River. The Interstate crosses the river on the Veterans' Glass City Skyway, an 8,800-foot (2,700 m), cable-stayed bridge. On the opposite bank of the river, I-280 turns northward and passes through an intersection with SR 25. There is one final interchange with I-75 where I-280 terminates.
The highway that would eventually carry I-280, the Detroit-Toledo Expressway, opened as a relocated SR 120 between US 20 and SR 51 by 1955. The highway was extended to Summit Street in Toledo by 1957, and by 1959 was extended into Michigan. By this time, the I-280 designation had been added, but the portion carrying I-280 was not fully converted to Interstate standards until 1990.
Initially, the freeway had several at-grade intersections with crossroads: Hanley and Latcha roads near Perrysburg; Ayers, Lemoyne, and Walbridge roads near Walbridge; and Curtice Road in Northwood. The Walbridge intersection was later upgraded to a traffic signal, one of the few on the Interstate Highway System at the time, while the intersection underwent study for conversion to an interchange. Hanley and Latcha roads were truncated to dead-end just before the freeway, but access to both roads was retained by construction of a new interchange and service drives in the early 1970s; the Ayers and Lemoyne crossings were also upgraded to overpasses at this point. The removal of direct access to Hanley and Latcha was originally disputed by business owners who owned motels and gas stations along those roads. The crossing at Curtice Road was upgraded to an interchange concurrently with the upgrade of the nearby interchange with Woodville Road.
Originally, I-280 was carried across the Maumee River by the Craig Memorial Bridge, a drawbridge that frequently caused backups along the route. In addition, a ramp leading from northbound Summit Street to southbound I-280 merged directly onto the bridge with no acceleration room, so it was removed in the mid-1990s. On June 24, 2007, the Veterans' Glass City Skyway opened, replacing the drawbridge. After the Glass City Skyway opened, the Craig Bridge was reconstructed, and it now carries SR 65. Its construction also led to the reconstruction of the Front Street exit, and removal of the Summit Street interchange entirely; access from I-280 to Summit Street is now provided by the Front Street exit and the Craig Bridge.
|County||Location||mi||km||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
|1A|| I-80 / I-90 / Ohio Turnpike – Cleveland, Chicago|
SR 420 south
|Southern terminus; Ohio Turnpike exit 71; roadway continues southward as SR 420|
|0.724||1.165||1B||Bahnsen Road||To Hanley and Latcha Roads|
|2.296||3.695||1||2||SR 795 – Perrysburg|
|2||6||SR 51 (Woodville Road) / Curtice Road||Signed as 6A (SR 51) and 6B (Curtice Road) on semi-directional ramps; Curtice Road interchange added to existing Woodville Road interchange c. 1991|
|3||7||SR 2 (Navarre Avenue) – Oregon||To Wheeling Street|
|Toledo||8.833||14.215||4||8||Starr Avenue||Southbound exit and northbound entrance; northbound exit and southbound entrance removed c. 1974|
|9.873||15.889||5||9||SR 65 (Front Street) / Summit Street||SR 65 crosses the Maumee River on the Craig Memorial Bridge to connect to Summit Street|
|Veterans' Glass City Skyway|
|Toledo||10.463||16.839||6||10||Summit Street||Southbound entrance from northbound Summit Street removed late 1990s; rest of exit replaced by Craig Memorial Bridge connections from exit 9 in 2007; originally Exit 10A before removal of exits 10B and 10C|
|10.543||16.967||10B||Huron Street||Former exit with no southbound entrance; northbound exit was via 10A and northbound entrance was via Erie Street; northbound exit removed before rest of exit was removed in 1999|
|10.863||17.482||7||10C||Michigan Street||Former northbound exit and southbound entrance via Champlain Street; exit removed 1999|
|11.223||18.062||11||SR 25 south – Downtown Toledo||Northbound exit connects to Galena Street; northern terminus of SR 25|
|11.523||18.544||8||11||Central Avenue||Former diamond interchange, eliminated c. 1987; northbound exit and southbound entrance were eliminated before southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|12.103||19.478||9||12||Manhattan Boulevard||No access from Manhattan Boulevard to southbound I-75 or northbound I-75 to Manhattan Boulevard|
|12.383||19.929||13||I-75 – Detroit||Northern terminus; no control city for southbound I-75; exit 208 on I-75|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Ohio Department of Highways (1959). Ohio Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map) (1959–1960 ed.). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 13687960.
- Staff (October 31, 2002). "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Ohio Department of Transportation (June 2011). Official Ohio Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Columbus: Ohio Department of Transportation. Toledo inset. OCLC 5673562, 31884639.
- Google (January 11, 2012). "Overview Map of I-280" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Harvey, Hank (October 12, 2000). "Life in the Fast Lane Surrounds Toledo". The Blade. Toledo, OH. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
- Ohio Department of Highways (1955). Ohio Highway Map (PDF) (Map). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 7448742.
- Ohio Department of Highways (1957). Ohio Highway Map (PDF) (Map). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 7444259.
- "Walbridge Road to be protected at I-280 crossing". The Blade. Toledo, OH. July 5, 1969. Retrieved January 5, 2015 – via Google News.
- "Need for I-280 safety upgrading questioned by business operators". The Blade. Toledo, OH. December 13, 1972. Retrieved January 5, 2015 – via Google News.
- "Changes proposed for I-280, Woodville Road". The Blade. Toledo, OH. August 5, 1976. Retrieved January 5, 2015 – via Google News.
- Weber, Lauren (June 17, 2007). "Beneath the beams, abutments, and concrete, Toledo's Maumee crossings have a story to tell". The Blade. Toledo, OH. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- Office of Technical Services (June 24, 2015). "Roadway Description Inventory Report: DESTAPE". Ohio Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Harvey, Hank (October 12, 1989). "Woodville Road closes to build interchange". The Blade. Toledo, OH. Retrieved September 18, 2014 – via Google News.
- "Changes are approved on upgrading of I-280". The Blade. Toledo, OH. September 1, 1972. p. 17. Retrieved July 12, 2016 – via Google News.
- Patch, David (November 19, 1999). "Road Warrior". The Blade. Toledo, OH. Retrieved September 11, 2014 – via Google News.
- Marrison, Ben (January 5, 1987). "Council asked for final OK on Parkway". The Blade. Toledo. Retrieved September 13, 2014 – via Google News.