International School of Geneva
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The International School of Geneva (in French: Ecole Internationale de Genève), also known as "Ecolint" or "The International School", is a private, non-profit international school based in Geneva, Switzerland.
|Director-General||Dr David Hawley|
|Color(s)||Navy Blue and White|
Founded in 1924 in the service of the League of Nations and the International Labour Organization (the world's first international organizations), it is the oldest international school in the world, and the largest one with 'international' in its name. It was the result of a partnership between parents (Arthur Sweetser and Ludwik Rajchman) and educators from the Institut Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Adolphe Ferrière and Paul Meyhoffer). In the mid-1960s, a group of teachers from Ecolint (La Grande Boissière campus) created the International Schools Examinations Syndicate (ISES), which later became the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) and then the International Baccalaureate (IB). Since its inception, the school's mission was conceived as educating for peace and the inculcation of humanitarian values such as inclusiveness, respect and inter-cultural understanding. It describes itself in its website as "resolutely not-for-profit; mankind is the only beneficiary of our work, not corporate shareholders or private equity firms." In 2017, it was labelled by ITN as "the most diverse school on the planet."
Article 4 of Ecolint's Charter states that "the activity of the school in all fields and especially in the field of pedagogy shall be based on the principles of equality and solidarity among all peoples and of the equal value of all human beings without any distinction of nationality, race, sex, language or religion."
Ecolint comprises three campuses in and around Geneva, each with its own principal (also known as "director") working under the Director General of the Foundation of the International School of Geneva (currently Dr David Hawley) and a Governing Board elected by parents, staff and alumni with co-opted members from the UN and Swiss Government. Ecolint is a bilingual school, with instruction primarily in English and French. In addition to the IB, it is a testing centre for the US college boards (SAT and ACT), the British IGCSE (CIE) and the Swiss Maturité fédérale.[dubious ]
The history of Ecolint has been charted in four volumes published in different decades. The first, bilingual one (Ecole Internationale de Genève - Son premier demi-siècle / International School of Geneva - the first 50 years, Geneva: 1974, 311 pages), edited by René Lejeune[circular reference] (better known as René-François Lejeune), compiles the contributions and eyewitness accounts of various authors, including the historian Robert J. Leach and Ecolint's second director, Marie-Thérèse Maurette. The second one (Ecolint - A portrait of the International School of Geneva, 1924-1999, Geneva: 1999, 218 pages) was written by the historian Michael Knight. The third volume (Marie-Thérèse Maurette - Pioneer of International Education, Geneva: 2009, 84 pages), which focuses specifically on the director who headed the school between 1929 and 1949, was authored by Professor George Walker, former Director General of Ecolint and of the International Baccalaureate Organization. The fourth and final volume to date (Ecolint - A History of the International School of Geneva, Geneva: 2014, 170 pages) is the joint work of educators Conan de Wilde (an alumnus of the school) and Othman Hamayed (a former director of La Grande Boissière's Secondary School). In addition, Robert J. Leach published privately in 1974 his own account of the school’s history, International School of Geneva, 1924-1974 (63 pages). Most recently, the geographer and economist Phil Thomas, who served as interim Director General and held a wide range of teaching positions in the school during his 35-year Ecolint career, published the booklet Ecolint and the Origins of the International Baccalaureate in 2018. (These works constitute the source for some of the information provided below.)
From 1920 to 1921 the League of Nations and the International Labour Office established their headquarters in Geneva. In 1924 the International School of Geneva was founded by senior members of these two international organizations, most notably Arthur Sweetser and Ludwik Rajchman, in partnership with Adolphe Ferrière and Paul Meyhoffer, educators from Geneva's Institut Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Meyhoffer, originally trained as a theologian, had previously taught at Bedales School in England and, for eight years, at the Ecole Nouvelle de la Châtaigneraie (also known as Ecole Nouvelle du Léman), which in 1974 was integrated into Ecolint.
Ferrière housed the first class in a chalet that was part of his family's estate, on the Route de Florissant in Geneva. He was also technical adviser to the school from 1924 to 1926. The nascent school was supported by William Rappard, Rector of the University of Geneva, the neurologist and child psychologist Édouard Claparède, and Sir Arthur Salter, a senior official of the League of Nations. After occupying rented accommodation on the Rue Charles Bonnet in Geneva's Vieille ville (Old Town), the school finally acquired its own premises in 1929: a historic site known as La Grande Boissière. The acquisition of this large property was made financially possible by Arthur Sweetser, who personally gave the school thousands of dollars and sought contributions from his network of affluent acquaintances. These donations included 25,000 U.S. dollars from John D. Rockefeller Jr.
Among Ecolint’s notable teachers during the early decades of its existence were Paul Dupuy, formerly doyen (dean) at Paris’ Ecole normale supérieure and defender of Alfred Dreyfus in the late 1890s; the psychoanalyst Charles Baudouin; the philosopher Jeanne Hersch; and the novelist Michel Butor.
The school became a Foundation in 1968, and continued to evolve as it acquired new campuses. In 1974 it incorporated as its second campus La Châtaigneraie (also called "La Chât"), which had originally been founded in 1908 as the Ecole Nouvelle du Léman (later known as Collège Protestant Romand) near Founex in the Canton of Vaud.
The third campus, Campus des Nations, had two beginnings. The first was in the 1940s with Rigot, which subsequently became Pregny-Rigot, and the second in 2005 with the closure of Rigot and the opening of the purpose-made buildings at Saconnex. The Pregny-Rigot campus was a pre-Kindergarten through year 6 school that adopted the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Program in 2002. This campus had two buildings, Rigot (an old Swiss farmhouse near the Place des Nations), and Pregny, a modern architectural structure, adjacent to the United Nations' premises and close to the International Committee of the Red Cross. In 2005, Pregny-Rigot shifted with the opening of a new building at Saconnex, near the World Health Organization and the International Labour Organization. The early childhood classes at Rigot were moved to a renovated Pregny and Rigot was returned to the city of Geneva. Years 3-6 were moved from Pregny to the new building, Saconnex, which also opened a secondary school. The Secondary school offers the IB's Middle Years Programme, the IB Diploma and the IB Career-Related Programme (IBCP).
Ecolint offers its core curriculum in English and French to varying degrees, depending on the campus and section.
Ecolint offers additional modern languages such as Spanish, German, Italian and Mandarin as part of its curriculum. Arabic, Dutch, Finnish, Japanese, Norwegian, Swahili, Swedish and many other languages are available via private tuition but can be counted towards credits or as IB programmes; this route is often chosen by students who have little other opportunity formally to study their mother tongue.
La Grande Boissière (also called "LGB") is the oldest and largest of the three. The primary school (beginning from age three) has approximately 550 students, and runs through grade 4. The middle school also has about 550 students, and runs from grade 5 to grade 8. The secondary school has around 800 students, beginning with 9th grade and going to grade 12 or 13. All three stages offer bilingual programmes. The Primary School Principal is Mr Duff Gyr, the Middle School Principal is Ms Shona Wright and the Campus and Secondary School Principal is Dr Conrad Hughes. ( )
La Châtaigneraie (also called "La Chât") became part of Ecolint in 1971 and is located in the Vaud countryside, near Founex, overlooking the Alps and Lake Léman. It has a primary and a secondary school, and has approximately 1600 students. The oldest building on campus is the main secondary building which was completed in 1908, when La Châtaigneraie first opened. The Primary School Principal is Mrs Jennifer Armstrong and Campus and Secondary School Principal is Mrs Alexandra Conchard. ( )
Campus des Nations, (also simply called "Nations") opened in 2005 and operates on two locations in and in the vicinity of Grand Saconnex. It has around 1000 students. Campus des Nations is the only campus to offer all four IB programmes (PYP, MYP, IBDP and IBCP). The Early Years (Pregny) Principal is Ms Isla Gordon, the Primary School Principal is Ms Christelle Lonez and the Secondary School Principal is Mr Jamie Williams:
- Saconnex is located near the International Labour Organization and World Health Organization headquarters. Saconnex offers classes to 800 students from years 3 through 13. All classes taught at Nations follow the IB curriculum, consisting of PYP, MYP and DP or CP.( )
- Pregny (in Pregny-Chambésy) is located near the United Nations and Red Cross HQ and is a school of 200 students from pre-school and kindergarten to year 2.( )
International School of Geneva's (upper) secondary education (Middle and High School) is not approved as a Mittelschule/Collège/Liceo by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).
Ecolint's various programmes are accredited by the Council of International Schools (CIS) and the Middle States Association (MSA). The last full accreditation was conducted in 2011, with an interim assessment in 2016.
Ecolint has satisfied the authorization procedures of the International Baccalaureate (IB) to offer the PYP, MYP, IBDP, and IBCP.
Campus La Châtaigneraie is an approved Cambridge Assessment school, offering IGCSEs.
The Governing Board appoints the Director General to which the latter is accountable. All alumni, current parents, teachers and other employees may vote in the Governing Board elections and may be elected as members. Three seats are permanently reserved for members appointed by the Cantons of Geneva and Vaud, and by the United Nations. The school’s personnel are represented on the Board by three appointed or elected observers (one from each campus), and the Staff Association has the right to nominate for full membership someone who is not a current employee of the school. Parents typically constitute a majority on the Governing Board. Kofi Annan was a member of the Board from 1981 to 1983. Ecolint’s governance was inspired by the direct democratic mechanisms of Switzerland. The Governing Board is accountable to all community members (parents, personnel and alumni) at the annual Consultative General Assembly and, when convened by members of the Ecolint community, at Extraordinary Consultative General Assemblies. In February 2002, one of these assemblies, held at the United Nations, was attended by some 1,000 people. It gave rise to a no-confidence referendum in June of that year involving all the school's eligible voters, the outcome of which forced the resignation of both the Governing Board’s Executive Committee and of the Director General.
Directors & Directors GeneralEdit
1) Paul Meyhoffer (1924-1928)
2) Paul Miroglio (Interim – 1928-1929)
3) Marie-Thérèse Maurette (1929-1949)
4) Fred Roquette (1949-1964)
5) Desmond Cole-Baker (English Language Programme) & Jean Meyer (French Language Programme)(1964-1967)
Directors General (Foundation)Edit
6) Irving Berenson (1967-1968)
7) Asme Nawar (Interim – 1968)
9) Alden Lank (1978-1980)
10) Leo Fernig (1980-1981)
11) Joseph Blaney (1981-1983)
12) Philip Thomas (Interim – 1983)
13) Jan Ter Weele (1983-1986)
14) Foundation Management Team (Interim – 1986-1987)
15) Bernard Ivaldi (1987-1991)
17) Jean-Jacques Streuli (Interim – 1999-2000)
18) Donald Billingsley (2000-2002)
19) Council of Directors & Jean-Jacques Streuli (Interim – 2002-2003)
21) Vicky Tuck (2011-2017)
22) David Hawley (2017- )
This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. (February 2021)
The Charter of the International School of Geneva gives all registered alumni the right to vote in the elections for the school's Governing Board, and to be elected as Governing Board members.
- Richard Corbett - Former member of the European Parliament and Labour Party (UK) leader in the Parliament.
- Álvaro de Soto - Peruvian and UN diplomat.
- Indira Gandhi - Prime Minister of India; named "Woman of the Millennium" in a 1999 world-wide, online poll organised by the BBC.
- Michel Halpérin - Lawyer, Chairman of the Geneva Bar Association, member (Parti Libéral) and President of Geneva's Grand Conseil.
- Bob Rae - 21st Premier of Ontario, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, Canadian ambassador to the United Nations.
- Elizabeth Young, Lady Kennet - Peace and anti-nuclear campaigner, intellectual, writer.
Science and MedicineEdit
- Silvia Bunge - Professor of Psychology and Advanced Research Fellow, University of California Berkeley; Director, Building Blocks of Cognition Laboratory; daughter of philosopher Mario Bunge.
- Gail Carpenter - Professor of Cognitive and Neural Systems and Professor of Mathematics, Boston University; Director of the Cognitive and Neural Systems Technology Laboratory.
- Ratko Djukanovic - Medical researcher; Professor of Medicine, University of Southampton; Director of the Southampton NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit; Director of the NIHR Southampton Centre for Biomedical Research.
- Harold Furth - Austrian-American physicist and former director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory.
- Daniel Haber - Director of the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Professor of Oncology at Harvard Medical School, investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI).
- Douglas Hofstadter - Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Distinguished Professor of Cognitive Science and Comparative Literature at Indiana University, Director of the Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition.
- Mieko Kamiya - Japanese psychiatrist and writer.
- Alan Kostelecký - Theoretical physicist; Distinguished Professor of Physics at Indiana University, Bloomington.
- David Leach - Professor of Molecular Genetics, Head of School of Biological Sciences, Dean of Academic Excellence, University of Edinburgh.
- Stephen Lee - Professor of Solid State Chemistry, University of Michigan and Cornell University; son of Tsung-Dao Lee, Nobel Prize winner in Physics.
- David Shaffer - Irving Philips Professor of Child Psychiatry, Columbia University; Chief of Pediatric Psychiatry at New York–Presbyterian Hospital; Chief of the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
- Kellogg Stelle - Professor of Physics, Theoretical Physics Group, Imperial College, London.
- Mark Trueblood - American engineer and astronomer. Pioneer in the development of robotic telescopes.
- Carina Tyrrell - Physician and clinical fellow at the Cambridge University Epidemiology Unit; model and former "Miss England".
Visual and Performing ArtsEdit
- Milein Cosman - Portrait artist, founder of the Cosman Keller Art and Music Trust.
- Joe Dassin - French-speaking American musician and pop star, famous for singing numerous hits such as Les Champs-Élysées.
- Maya Deren (born Eleonora Derenkowska) - Cinema director, filmmaker and actress.
- Christopher Lambert - French actor famous for films such as Highlander and Greystoke.
- Lori Lieberman - Singer and songwriter.
- Olivier Perez - Swiss actor.
- Edouard van Remoortel - Former conductor of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra.
- Joseph Rochlitz - Documentary filmmaker and opera director.
- Stuart Schulberg - U.S. film and TV director and producer[circular reference]
- Albert Sjoerdsma Jr. - Playwright whose plays have been produced on Broadway.
- Maya Stojan - Actress who plays the role of Tory Ellis in Castle (TV series).
- Simone, American singer and actress; daughter of Nina Simone.
- Alex Wilson - Pianist, composer, producer and arranger.
- Ilse Barker (born Ilse Gross, nom-de-plume Kathrine Talbot) - German/British writer and poet.
- Roger Boylan - American novelist and critic.
- Alex Buzo - Australian playwright.
- Elizabeth Frank - Pulitzer Prize-winning author.
- Lucia Graves - Novelist and translator; daughter of novelist, poet and scholar Robert Graves.
- Nicole Krauss - Novelist, short story writer.
- David Chardavoyne - American attorney, professor, and author.
- Ronald M. George - Chief Justice, California Supreme Court.
- Peggy Ray - UNICEF Child Rights Lawyer of the Year (2001); International Baccalaureate pioneer graduate (1971).
- Harry Albright - Journalist and former Editor of The Friend.
- Rami G. Khouri - Journalist, director of the Issam Fares Institute at the American University of Beirut, editor-at-large of the Beirut-based Daily Star and co-laureate of the 2006 Pax Christi International Peace Award.
- Eric Margolis - U.S.-born, international journalist.
- Hernando de Soto Polar - Peruvian economist.
- Riad al Khouri - Economist, currently member of the board of directors, Global Challenges Forum, Switzerland.
- Edward A. Tenenbaum, U.S. economist who created the Deutsche Mark and helped to relaunch Germany's economy after WWII.
Academia and ScholarshipEdit
- Shadi Bartsch - Ann L. and Lawrence B. Buttenwieser Professor of Classics at the University of Chicago.
- Sissela Bok (née Myrdal) - Swedish-U.S. philosopher and ethicist; daughter of two Nobel Prize winners.
- Isabel de Madariaga - British historian; daughter of Spanish statesman, diplomat and writer Salvador de Madariaga.
- Yasmin Aga Khan - Philanthropist, daughter of Prince Aly Khan and Rita Hayworth.
- Anjum Anand - British Indian food writer and TV chef.
- Members of the Chehab family.
- Nico Prost - French professional racing driver; son of four-time Formula One world champion Alain Prost.
- Baron Edmond Adolphe de Rothschild - Financier and philanthropist.
- Tatiana Santo Domingo - Colombian socialite heiress to a beer and airline empire.
- Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. - U.S. Army General and Commander of U.S. and coalition forces for Operation Desert Storm.
- Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand (Srikit Kitiyakara).
- Lakshmi Sundaram - Executive Director of "Girls Not Brides" NGO.
- Members of the Sursock family.
- Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana - Princess of Thailand and the elder sister of King Ananda Mahidol and King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
- Lennie Waite - British track and field athlete.
- Anne-Marie Walters - WAAF officer and Special Operations Executive (SOE) agent for the United Kingdom in occupied France during World War II.
As of 2015, around 6600 former students were registered on the School's Alumni website.
- Pearce, Richard (2013). International Education and Schools: Moving Beyond the First 40 Years. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781472509147.
- Ecole Internationale de Genève - Son premier demi-siècle / International School of Geneva - the first 50 years, Geneva: 1974, 311 pages, edited by René-François Lejeune
- Elisabeth Fox (2001). "The Emergence of the International Baccalaureate as an Impetus to Curriculum Reform". In Mary Hayden; Jeff Thompson (eds.). International Education: Principles and Practice (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 141. ISBN 9780749436162.
- "Ecolint - International School of Geneva". Ecolint.ch. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "G30 Schools - A gathering of interesting and like-minded school heads". G30 Schools. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
- fr:René Lejeune
- https://cdn.ymaws.com/alumni.ecolint.ch/resource/resmgr/Magazines_Newsletters/echo_18_web.pdf, page 8
- René-François Lejeune (editor), Ecole Internationale de Genève - Son premier demi-siècle / International School of Geneva - the first 50 years, Geneva: 1974, page 14
- Othman Hamayed and Conan de Wilde, Ecolint - A History of the International School of Geneva, Geneva: 2014, ISBN 978-2-8399-1196-2, page 25
- "La Grande Boissière". Ecolint | International School of Geneva. 2016-03-20. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
- "Maturität - Maturité - Maturità" (official site) (in German, French, and Italian). Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, SERI. 1 March 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-22.
- "International School of Geneva: Campus des Nations". The Good Schools Guide. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
- "school profile nations 2014-2015" (PDF).
- "International School of Geneva - Campus des Nations". International Baccalaureate®. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
- Tribune de Genève, 28/02/2002, "L'Ecole Internationale a crevé l'abcès: la communauté désavoue la direction" www.tdg.ch
- Othman Hamayed and Conan de Wilde, Ecolint - A History of the International School of Geneva, Geneva: 2014, ISBN 978-2-8399-1196-2, page 154
- https://issuu.com/feig/docs/echo_21_web, page 16
- "Search Results - Ecolint Alumni Office". Alumni.ecolint.ch. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Adobe Web Photo Gallery". Cns.bu.edu. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Souvenirs and vignettes of my Ecolint stay (1939-47) - Ecolint Alumni Office". Alumni.ecolint.ch. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-07. Retrieved 2007-06-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- de:Stuart Schulberg
- "Vital Theatre Company". Vitaltheatre.org. Archived from the original on 30 March 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Interview in Télétop Matin magazine (Switzerland), 21 September 2014
- "Ecolint Alumni: Maya Stojan". International School of Geneva. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "Rami G. Khouri". Agenceglobal.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-18. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Riad al Khouri Visiting Scholar, Middle East Center Carnegie Endowment for International Peace". Ecolint.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Visualising our community: ALUMNOGRAPHIC 2015". Retrieved 2021-02-24.
- International School of Geneva
- International School of Geneva: Libraries and Library Catalogues
- Ecolint Alumni Web Community
- International Baccalaureate Organization
- Programmes Offered
- La Châtaigneraie
- La Grande Boissiere
- Campus des Nations
- Review from the Good Schools Guide International
- International School of Geneva Arts Centre