International Prize for Biology
The International Prize for Biology (国際生物学賞, Kokusai Seibutsugaku-shō) is an annual award for "outstanding contribution to the advancement of research in fundamental biology." The Prize, although it is not always awarded to a biologist, is one of the most prestigious honours a natural scientist can receive. There are no restrictions on the nationality of the recipient.
|International Prize for Biology|
|Awarded for||Outstanding contribution to the advancement of research in fundamental biology|
|Presented by||Japan Society for the Promotion of Science|
The International Prize of Biology was created in 1985 to commemorate the 60-year reign of Emperor Shōwa of Japan and his longtime interest in and support of "Biology." The selection and award of the prize is managed by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. The laureate is awarded a beautiful medal, 10 million yen, and an international symposium on the scientist's area of research is held in Tokyo. The prize ceremony is held in the presence of Emperor of Japan.
The first International Prize for Biology was awarded to E. J. H. Corner, who was a prominent scientist in the field of systematic biology, because Emperor Shōwa was interested in and worked on this field for long time.
The Prize is awarded in accordance with the following criteria:
- The Prize shall be made by the Committee every year, commencing in 1985.
- The Prize shall consist of a medal and a prize of ten million (10,000,000) yen.
- There shall be no restrictions on the nationality of the recipient.
- The Prize shall be awarded to an individual who, in the judgment of the members of the Committee, has made an outstanding contribution to the advancement of research in fundamental biology.
- The specialty within the field of biology for which the Prize will be awarded shall be decided upon annually by the Committee.
- The Committee shall be advised on suitable candidates for the Prize by a selection committee, which will consist of Japanese and overseas members.
- The selection committee shall invite nominations of candidates from such relevant individuals and organizations at home and abroad as the selection committee may deem appropriate.
- The selection committee shall submit to the Committee a report containing recommendations of the candidate for the Prize and supporting statement.
- The Prize shall be presented every year. In conjunction with the ceremony, an international symposium is held in which the Prize recipient is invited to give a special lecture.
It was a particularly charming moment when Emperor of Japan, Akihito, who has studied the taxonomy and evolution of gobioid fishes, mentioned in his congratulatory address during the award ceremony that he has used the neighbor-joining method to construct phylogenetic trees during his studies of these fishes.— Professor Masatoshi Nei, the 2002 International Prize for Biology Laureate 
|1985||E. J. H. Corner||United Kingdom||Taxonomy or Systematic Biology|
|1986||Peter H. Raven||United States||Systematic Biology and Taxonomy|
|1987||John B. Gurdon||United Kingdom||Developmental Biology|
|1988||Motoo Kimura||Japan||Population Biology|
|1989||Eric James Denton||United Kingdom||Marine Biology|
|1990||Masakazu Konishi||Japan||Behavioral Biology|
|1991||Marshall D. Hatch||Australia||Functional Botany|
|1992||Knut Schmidt-Nielsen||Norway||Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry|
|1993||Edward O. Wilson||United States||Ecology|
|1994||Ernst Mayr||Germany||Systematic Biology and Taxonomy|
|1995||Ian R. Gibbons||United Kingdom||Cell Biology|
|1996||Ryuzo Yanagimachi||Japan||Biology of Reproduction|
|1997||Elliot Martin Meyerowitz||United States||Botany|
|1998||Otto Thomas Solbrig||Argentina||Biology of Biodiversity|
|1999||Setsuro Ebashi||Japan||Animal Physiology|
|2000||Seymour Benzer||United States||Developmental Biology|
|2001||Harry B. Whittington||United Kingdom||Paleontology|
|2002||Masatoshi Nei||United States||Evolutionary Biology|
|2003||Shinya Inoué||United States||Cell Biology|
|2004||Thomas Cavalier-Smith||United Kingdom||Systematic Biology and Taxonomy|
|2005||Nam-Hai Chua||United Kingdom||Structural Biology in Fine Structure, Morphology and Morphogenesis|
|2007||David Swenson Hogness||United States||Genetics|
|2008||David Tilman||United States||Ecology|
|2009||Winslow Briggs||United States||Botany|
|2010||Nancy A. Moran||United States||Biology of Symbiosis|
|2011||Eric H. Davidson||United States||Developmental Biology|
|2012||Joseph Altman||United States||Neurobiology|
|2013||Joseph Felsenstein||United States||Biology of Evolution|
|2014||Peter Crane||United Kingdom||Biology of Biodiversity|
|2015||Yoshinori Ohsumi||Japan||Cell Biology|
|2016||Stephen P. Hubbell||United States||Biology of Biodiversity|
|2017||Rita R. Colwell||United States||Marine Biology|
|2018||Andrew H. Knoll||United States||Earth and Planetary Sciences|
|2019||Naomi Pierce||United States||Biology of Insects|
- About the Prize
- Mohri, Hideo (2019). "The International Prize for Biology". Imperial Biologists. Imperial Biologists: The Imperial Family of Japan and Their Contributions to Biological Research. Springer Biographies. Springer. pp. 177–194. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6756-4_4. ISBN 978-981-13-6756-4.
- Nei Honored in Japan with International Prize for Biology
- "Eric Davidson Awarded the International Prize for Biology". Archived from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2014-10-12.
- Laboratory History | Neuron Development
- Past Recipients
- Dean Peter Crane Wins Prestigious International Prize for Biology
- Yoshinori Ohsumi Wins 2015 International Prize For Biology
- UCLA professor Stephen Hubbell wins International Prize for Biology
- UMD's Colwell Awarded 2017 International Prize for Biology
- The 35th (2019) International Prize for Biology is awarded to Dr. Naomi Ellen Pierce