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The International Monitoring Team (IMT) is a monitoring team composed of 60 members headquartered in Cotabato City, Mindanao of the Philippines to monitor the implementation of peace between the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and one of the largest rebels in the region, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in the Moro conflict. The team is led by Malaysia,[1] and followed by Brunei,[2] Indonesia,[3] Japan,[4] Libya,[5] Norway[6] and subsequently the European Union.[7]

International Monitoring Team
International Monitoring Team insignia.png
Agency overview
FormedOctober, 2004
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionPhilippines
Legal jurisdictionMindanao
HeadquartersCotabato City, Philippines

Multinational agencyPhilippines
Nationalities of personnel



The IMT was launched in October 2004 by Malaysia together with Brunei and Libya to oversee the situation after GPH and MILF signing their ceasefire agreement in 2003.[8] In October 2006, Japan began to participate into the monitoring team.[4] Armed conflict however still resumed and security situation deteriorated until August 2008 when the national co-ordination surrounding resolutions of pending land problems failed.[4] During the period, the lead was taken by Libya which then raise sceptism from the MILF over the slowing process.[9] Malaysia then decide to withdrew its contingent in November 2008 and the IMT temporarily suspend its activities in 2009.[4] The IMT returned in February 2010,[10] the same year when Norway began to join the monitoring team.[11] While Indonesia joined the IMT in 2011 after been invited by the Philippines in 2009.[12]


IMT is responsible to monitor the security, humanitarian, rehabilitation and development aspects, socio-economic assistance and civilian protection.[1]

Areas coverageEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Terms of Reference of the International Monitoring Team (IMT)". Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process. 21 November 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  2. ^ "International Monitoring Team in Mindanao". Radio Televisyen Brunei. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Tim Pengamat Indonesia dalam International Monitoring Team di Filipina Selatan" (in Indonesian). Jaringan Dokumentasi Dan Informasi Hukum, Kementerian Riset, Teknologi dan Pendidikan Tinggi. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Resumption of Dispatch of Development Experts to the International Monitoring Team in the Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan. 26 February 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Libya Increases Participation in Mindanao Peace Process". The Tripoli Post. 13 May 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Norway supports peace process, takes active role in the decommissioning process". Royal Norwegian Embassy in Manila. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  7. ^ "(Press Release) EU confirms willingness to participate in International Monitoring Team (IMT) in Mindanao" (PDF). European Union. 18 May 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  8. ^ Peng Er Lam (2 June 2009). Japan's Peace-Building Diplomacy in Asia: Seeking a More Active Political Role. Routledge. pp. 80–. ISBN 978-1-134-12506-7.
  9. ^ "MILF skeptical over Libya lead role in IMT". GMA News. 14 May 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  10. ^ "Hopeful signs for end to Mindanao conflict". IRIN News. 23 April 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  11. ^ 张茜 (7 June 2010). "Norway joins int'l group monitoring Mindanao peace process". Xinhua News Agency. People's Daily Online. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  12. ^ "Indonesia joins the International Monitoring Team". Government of the Philippines. 11 April 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2017.