International Democrat Union

  (Redirected from International Democratic Union)

The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right and conservative political parties. Headquartered in Munich, Germany,[2] the IDU consists of 73 full and associate members from 63 different countries.[3] It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.

International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union logo.png
International Democrat Union.svg
Countries with a party member of International Democrat Union as of September 2018 (parties in government in dark blue, parties in opposition in light blue)
AbbreviationIDU
Motto"Global alliance of the centre-right"
Formation1983
PurposeWorld federation of centre-right and conservative political parties[1]
HeadquartersMunich, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
73
Official language
English
Chairman
Stephen Harper
Deputy Chairman
Brian Loughnane
Websiteidu.org

The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU.[4]

The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and US Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, England, UK.[5]

The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, the European People's Party, and the European Conservatives and Reformists Party.[6] It also has an affiliated youth wing in the International Young Democrat Union, and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.

FoundingEdit

IDU was founded in London on June 24, 1983.[7]

The founding declaration was signed by 19 persons:[8]

Person Party Country
Alois Mock Austrian People's Party Austria
Margaret Thatcher Conservative Party United Kingdom
Helmut Kohl Christian Democratic Union of Germany Germany
Franz Josef Strauss Christian Social Union in Bavaria Germany
Jacques Chirac Rally for the Republic France
Andrew Peacock Liberal Party of Australia Australia
Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza New Democracy Greece
Fraga Iribarne People's Alliance Spain
Oscar Alzaga People's Democratic Party Spain
Susanne Wood New Zealand National Party New Zealand
Glafcos Clerides Democratic Rally Cyprus
Ilkka Suominen National Coalition Party Finland
Lucas Pires CDS – People's Party Portugal
Tatsuo Tanaka [ja] Liberal Democratic Party Japan
Ulf Adelsohn Moderate Party Sweden
Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative Party of Canada Canada
Poul Schlüter Conservative People's Party Denmark
Jo Benkow Conservative Party Norway
Frank Fahrenkopf Republican Party United States

Member partiesEdit

Full membersEdit

Full members
Country Party Abbr Status Seats Lower House Seats Upper House
  Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 140 (0%)
  Argentina Republican Proposal PRO in opposition
51 / 257 (20%)
8 / 72 (11%)
  Australia Liberal Party of Australia LIB senior party in coalition
61 / 151 (40%)
31 / 76 (41%)
  Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVP senior party in coalition
71 / 183 (39%)
22 / 61 (36%)
  Azerbaijan Azerbaijan National Independence Party AMIP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 125 (0%)
  Belarus The BPF Party BPF extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 110 (0%)
0 / 64 (0%)
United Civil Party UCP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 110 (0%)
0 / 64 (0%)
  Bolivia Democrat Social Movement MDS in government
4 / 130 (3%)
1 / 36 (3%)
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action SDA senior party in coalition
9 / 42 (21%)
3 / 15 (20%)
Party of Democratic Progress PDP in opposition
2 / 42 (5%)
0 / 15 (0%)
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina HDZ junior party in coalition
16 / 98 (16%)
14 / 58 (24%)
Croatian Democratic Union 1990 HDZ-1990 in opposition
2 / 98 (2%)
0 / 58 (0%)
  Brazil Democrats DEM junior party in coalition
29 / 513 (6%)
7 / 81 (9%)
  Bulgaria GERB GERB senior party in coalition
95 / 240 (40%)
Union of Democratic Forces SDS extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 240 (0%)
  Canada Conservative Party of Canada CPC/PCC in opposition
121 / 338 (36%)
21 / 105 (20%)
  Chile Independent Democratic Union UDI junior party in coalition
30 / 155 (19%)
9 / 43 (21%)
National Renewal RN senior party in coalition
34 / 155 (22%)
8 / 43 (19%)
  Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC junior party in coalition
21 / 172 (12%)
14 / 108 (13%)
  Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ in government
55 / 151 (36%)
  Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
18 / 56 (32%)
  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party ODS in opposition
23 / 200 (12%)
18 / 81 (22%)
  Denmark Conservative People's Party K in opposition
13 / 179 (7%)
  Dominican Republic National Progressive Force FNP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 190 (0%)
0 / 32 (0%)
  Ecuador Social Christian Party PSC in opposition
15 / 137 (11%)
  El Salvador Nationalist Republican Alliance ARENA in opposition
37 / 84 (44%)
  Estonia Isamaa junior party in coalition
12 / 101 (12%)
  Finland National Coalition Party Kok in opposition
38 / 200 (19%)
  Georgia United National Movement UNM in opposition
6 / 150 (4%)
  Germany Christian Democratic Union of Germany CDU senior party in coalition
200 / 709 (28%)
22 / 69 (32%)
Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSU junior party in coalition
46 / 709
4 / 69
  Ghana New Patriotic Party NPP in government
169 / 275 (61%)
  Greece New Democracy ND in government
158 / 300 (53%)
  Grenada New National Party NNP in government
15 / 15 (100%)
7 / 13 (54%)
  Guatemala Unionist Party PU junior party in coalition
3 / 160 (2%)
  Honduras National Party of Honduras PNH in government
61 / 128 (48%)
  Hungary Fidesz in government
117 / 199 (59%)
  Iceland Independence Party D senior party in coalition
16 / 63 (25%)
  India Bharatiya Janata Party[9] BJP in government
303 / 543
85 / 245
  Israel Likud Party Likud senior party in coalition
36 / 120 (30%)
  Kenya Democratic Party of Kenya DP in opposition
1 / 394 (0.3%)
0 / 67 (0%)
  Lebanon Kataeb Party Kataeb in opposition
3 / 128 (2%)
  Lithuania Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS-LKD in opposition
36 / 141 (26%)
  Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party MDP in government
65 / 87 (75%)
  Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova PLDM extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 101 (0%)
  Mongolia Democratic Party DP in opposition
11 / 76 (14%)
  Montenegro Movement for Changes PzP in opposition
5 / 81 (6%)
  Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
46 / 395 (12%)
24 / 120 (20%)
  New Zealand National Party Nats in opposition
55 / 120 (46%)
  Nicaragua Conservative Party PCN in opposition
1 / 92 (1%)
  North Macedonia VMRO-DPMNE VMRO-DPMNE in opposition
39 / 120 (33%)
  Norway Conservative Party H senior party in coalition
45 / 169 (27%)
  Panama Democratic Change CD in opposition
18 / 71 (25%)
  Paraguay Partido Colorado ANR-PC in government
42 / 80 (53%)
17 / 45 (38%)
  Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 130 (0%)
  Portugal CDS – People's Party CDS–PP in opposition
5 / 230 (2%)
  Saint Lucia United Workers Party UWP in government
11 / 17 (65%)
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines New Democratic Party NDP in opposition
7 / 15 (47%)
  Serbia Serbian Progressive Party SNS senior party in coalition
97 / 250 (39%)
  Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS senior party in coalition
26 / 90 (29%)
  South Korea United Future Party UFP in opposition
84 / 300 (28%)
  Spain People's Party PP in opposition
89 / 350 (25%)
97 / 265 (37%)
  Sri Lanka United National Party UNP in government
106 / 225 (47%)
  Sweden Moderate Party M in opposition
70 / 349 (20%)
  Taiwan Kuomintang of China KMT in opposition
38 / 113 (34%)
  Tanzania Chama Cha Demokrasia Na Maendeleo CHADEMA in opposition
62 / 393 (16%)
  Uganda Forum for Democratic Change FDC in opposition
36 / 375 (10%)
  Ukraine Batkivshchyna VOB in opposition
24 / 450 (5%)
  United Kingdom Conservative and Unionist Party Con in government
365 / 650 (56%)
245 / 786 (31%)
  United States Republican Party R/GOP in government
197 / 435 (45%)
53 / 100 (53%)
  Venezuela Project Venezuela PV extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 167 (0%)

Associate membersEdit

Country Party Abbr Government Notes
  Russia Union of Right Forces SPS extraparliamentary opposition A former political party, now an NGO.

ChairpersonsEdit

Chairperson Term Start Term End Political Affiliation Country
William Hague 1997 2002 Conservative   United Kingdom
John Howard 2002 2014 Liberal   Australia
Sir John Key 2014 2018 National   New Zealand
Stephen Harper 2018 incumbent Conservative   Canada

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.idu.org/about/principles-statutes/
  2. ^ Burnell, Peter J. (2006). Globalizing Democracy: Party Politics in Emerging Democracies. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-415-40184-5.
  3. ^ International Democrat Union. "IDU Members". Idu.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  4. ^ Mohr, Alexander (2010). The German Political Foundations as Actors in Democracy Assistance. Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-59942-331-9.
  5. ^ Goldman, Ralph Morris (2002). The Future Catches Up: Transnational Parties and Democracy. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 418. ISBN 978-0-595-22888-1.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1983
  8. ^ International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1993[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "India's Bharatiya Janata Party Joins Union of International Conservative Parties". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2018-04-25.

External linksEdit