International Conference on Cold Fusion
The International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF) (also referred to as Annual Conference on Cold Fusion in 1990-1991 and mostly International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science since 2007[notes 1]) is an annual or biennial conference on the topic of cold fusion. An international conference on cold fusion was held in Santa Fe, New Mexico US in 1989. However, the first ICCF conference (ICCF1) took place in 1990 in Salt Lake City, Utah, under the title "First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion". Its location has since rotated between Russia, US, Europe, and Asia. It was held in India for the first time in 2011.
|International Conference on Cold Fusion|
|Publisher||2011-present: International Society for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science|
The conferences have been criticized as events which attract "crackpots" and "pseudo-scientists". However, preserving the conference documents has been said, in 2004, to be a task worth supporting, because the documents "reflect evolution of a unique scientific controversy," especially for historians of science.
The First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion was held in March 1990 in Salt Lake City, Utah. Robert L. Park of the American Physical Society derisively referred to it as a "seance of true believers." The conference was attended by more than 200 researchers from the United States, Italy, Japan, India and Taiwan and dozens of reporters from all over the U.S. and abroad.
The Third International Conference on Cold Fusion was held in 1992 in Nagoya, Japan. It was described by The New York Times, "depending on one's point of view" as "either a turning point in which evidence was presented that will convince the skeptics that cold fusion exists or a religious revival where claims of miracles were lapped up by ardent believers." The conference was sponsored by seven Japanese scientific societies, it was attended by 200 Japanese scientists and more than 100 from abroad. Tomohiro Taniguchi, then director of the Electric Power Technology Division at Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry, reportedly said that the Ministry of International Trade and Industry was willing to finance research in the field in view of "encouraging evidence, especially after the conference." The conference was also covered by the Associated Press.
A journalist for the Wired magazine attended the 1998 conference in Vancouver—apparently the only mainstream journalist who attended—and reported that he found there "about 200 extremely conventional-looking scientists, almost all of them male and over 50" with some apparently over 70. He then inferred that "[the] younger ones had bailed years ago, fearing career damage from the cold fusion stigma." He reported seeing "highly technical presentations" and "was amazed by the quantity of the work, its quality, and the credentials of the people pursuing it", whereas "[a] few obvious pseudoscientists, promoting their ideas in an adjoining room used for poster sessions, were politely ignored."
By 1999, attendance by researchers at the ICCF meetings drew comment from the field of science studies. The legitimacy of the cold fusion debate had ended in 1990 – but attendance at the ICCF meetings for the next 8 years had been relatively stable at between 100 and 300. Sociologist Bart Simon of Concordia University described the state of the field as "undead", and considered that the conference evidenced that "as far as normal science is concerned, [cold fusion] is of interest to crackpots, pseudo-scientists, frauds and a few sociologists of science".
David Goodstein has written that although an ICCF event had "all the trappings of a normal scientific meeting", it was in fact "no normal scientific conference" since "cold fusion was a pariah field, cast out by the scientific establishment". It was an environment – he added – "...in which crackpots flourished, and this made matters worse for those who were at least willing to entertain the notion that there might have been some serious science going on."
The conference is organized by The International Society for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science. Conference attendees include "a mix of professional scientists, along with retired, semi-retired and amateur scientists, engineers and technicians, and a number of entrepreneurs, inventors, and interested lay people."
|ICCF-1||1990||National Cold Fusion Institute||Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.||Fritz Will|||
|ICCF-2||1991||Como, Italy||Tullio Bressani, Emilio Del Giudice, Giuliano Preparata|||
|ICCF-3||1992||Nagoya, Japan||Hideo Ikegami|||
|ICCF-4||1993||(Proceedings published by the American Nuclear Society)||Lahaina, Maui, U.S.||Thomas Passell, Michael McKubre|||
|ICCF-5||1995||Monte Carlo, Monaco||Stanley Pons|||
|ICCF-6||1996||Hokkaido, Japan||Makoto Okamoto|||
|ICCF-7||1998||Vancouver, Canada||Fred Jaeger|||
|ICCF-8||2000||Italian Physical Society||Lerici (La Spezia), Italy||Francesco Scaramuzzi|||
|ICCF-9||2002||Tsinghua University **||Beijing, China||Xing Zhong Li|||
|ICCF-10||2003||MIT||Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.||Peter L. Hagelstein, Scott Chubb|||
|ICCF-11||2004||Marseille, France||Jean-Paul Biberian|||
|ICCF-12||2005||Japan CF-Research Society (JCF)||Yokohama, Japan||Akito Takahashi|||
|ICCF-13||2007||Sochi, Russia||Yuri Bazhutov|||
|ICCF-14||2008||Washington DC, U.S.||David Nagel, Michael Melich|||
|ICCF-15||2009||ENEA **||Rome, Italy||Vittorio Violante|||
|ICCF-16||2011||Indian Physics Association (IPA) and Indian Nuclear Society (INS)||Chennai, India||Mahadeva Srinivasan, P. K. Iyengar|||
|ICCF-17||2012||KAIST **||Daejeon, South Korea||Sunwon Park, Frank Gordon|||
|ICCF-18||2013||University of Missouri **||Columbia, Missouri, U.S.||Robert Duncan, Yeong Kim|||
|ICCF-19||2015||TSEM **||Padua, Italy||Antonio La Gatta, Michael McKubre, Vittorio Violante|||
|ICCF-20||2016||Tohoku University **||Sendai, Miyagi, Japan||Jiro Kasagi, Yasuhiro Iwamura|||
** These organisations are official hosts/sponsors of the conference.
Preservation of the conference proceedingsEdit
The conference proceedings have been said to be worth preserving because they "reflect evolution of a unique scientific controversy," as "[cold fusion] will be part of the history of physics, no matter what conclusions are reached about the validity of its claims."
As of 2004, the conference proceedings from 1990 to 2003 were said to be unavailable in most research libraries, "probably because [cold fusion research] is not recognized as scientific." No library could be located that had the proceedings for all ten conferences, although "many university libraries [had] proceedings for one or a few of the conferences."
- The first two conferences were called respectively "First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion" and "Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion" (1990-1991). The name "International Conference on Cold Fusion" was then used from the 3rd to the 12th conferences (1992-2005). Since 2007, the name "International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science" has been mostly used (except in 2012 when it was again called "International Conference on Cold Fusion"). See: "LENR Conference Proceedings LENR Conference Proceedings". newenergytimes.com. New Energy Times. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- "Chennai: The Nuclear conference begins today". The Times of India. February 6, 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Lab ends talks on verifying fusion claim". The Milwaukee Journal. 14 June 1989. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- "LENR Conference Proceedings LENR Conference Proceedings". newenergytimes.com. New Energy Times. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Simon, B. (1999). "Undead Science: Making Sense of Cold Fusion After the (Arti)fact". Social Studies of Science. 29: 61–85. JSTOR 285446. doi:10.1177/030631299029001003. See especially pages 68 and 73.
- Kowalski, Ludwik (October 1, 2004). "180) Preserving Cold Fusion Documents". Montclair State University. Retrieved June 20, 2013. (archived version also available here). This is a published exchange of snail-mails and e-mails between Ludwik Kowalski, professor emeritus of Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey, and Dr. R. J. Anderson, the Director of the Niels Bohr Library, Center of History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics, Maryland, as well as Spencer R. Weart, the Center's director, who notably wrote
- "the conference proceedings would be a fine addition to the collections of our Niels Bohr Library."
- "Our dream is a small fusion power generator in each house". Times of India. 4 February 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Regarding the "true believers" quote, see also an 1990 interview of Robert L. Park: Media Coverage of ICCF1 1/6 (Local Salt Lake City, Utah news stations covered the First International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF1) from March 26-31, 1990.) (YouTube). Salt Lake City, Utah. 1990. Event occurs at 6:45. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- Thomas H. Maugh II (April 9, 1990). "Cold-Fusion Faithful Still Fan the Flames of Research". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- Jacobsen-Wells, JoAnn (March 29, 1990). "Scientists Converge on S.L. in Fusion Quest". Deseret News. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- Media Coverage of ICCF1 2/6 (Local Salt Lake City, Utah news stations covered the First International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF1) from March 26-31, 1990.) (YouTube). Salt Lake City, Utah. 1990. Event occurs at 3:00. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
I think a hundred reporters registered for this conference. I don't know whether all hundred came, but there're a lot here from all over the country and the world.
- Andrew J. Pollack (17 November 1992). "Cold Fusion, Derided in U.S., Is Hot In Japan". New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Sutel, Seth (October 26, 1992). "At International Conference, Debate Continues Over Cold Fusion Claims". Associated Press. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Platt, Charles (November 1998). "What If Cold Fusion Is Real?". Wired (6.11). Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Goodstein, David (2010). "Chapter 5: The Cold Fusion Chronicles". On Fact and Fraud: Cautionary Tales from the Front Lines of Science. Princeton University Press. pp. 69–96. ISBN 1400834570.
- F.Will, ed. (1990). The first annual Conference on Cold Fusion : conference proceedings : March 28-31, 1990, University Park Hotel, Salt Lake City, Utah. National Cold Fusion Institute.
- Tullio Bressani, Emilio Del Giudice, Giuliano Preparata, eds. (1991). The science of cold fusion: proceedings of the II annual Conference on Cold Fusion : "A Volta" Centre for Scientific Culture, Villa Olmo, Como, 29 June - 4 July 1991, Volume 33 of Conference proceedings (Società italiana di fisica), Società Italiana di Fisica. Italian Physical Society. ISBN 887794045X.
- Hagelstein, Peter. "Summary Of The Third Annual Conference on Cold Fusion" (PDF). newenergytimes.com. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Transactions of Fusion Technology, Vol. 26, No. 4T (1994) by American Nuclear Society
- "4th International Conference on Cold Fusion (1993)". pdx.edu. Portland State University. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Rothwell, Jed (1995). "Highlights of the Fifth International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF5)". Infinite Energy (May/June 1995). Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "ICCF6, Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion". padrak.com. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "International Cold Fusion Forum (ICCF-7)". padrak.com. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Scaramuzzi, Franco (2001). ICCF8 : proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Cold Fusion : Lerici (La Spezia), Italy, 21-26 May 2000. Bologna: Italian Physical Society.
- Hecht, Jeff (2004-04-23). "Is Cold Fusion Heating Up?" (etext). Technology Review. MIT. Retrieved 2011-04-06.
- "11th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ICCF-11". iscmns.org. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "The 12th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science". iscmns.org. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "The 13th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Dagomys, Sochi, Russia, June 25 - July 1, 2007". iscmns.org. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- David J. Nagel, ed. (2008). Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science and the 14th International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF-14), 10-15 August 2008, Washington DC (PDF). Michael E. Melich, Rodney W. Johnson, Scott R. Chubb, Jed Rothwell. ISBN 978-0-578-06694-3.
- "15th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science". enea.it. ENEA-FPN Department. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "16th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (ICCF16), Chennai, India. February 6-11, 2011". iscmns.org. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "The 17th International Conference on Cold Fusion". iscmns.org. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "Welcome to the ICCF-18 Conference: "Applying the Scientific Method to Understanding Anomalous Heat Effects: Opportunities and Challenges."". missouri.edu. University of Missouri. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "The 19th International Conference on Cold Fusion". iccf19.com. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "ICCF-19 START OF "NEW CYCLE"". coldfusionnow.org. Retrieved April 23, 2015.