International Astronautical Congress
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Every year, the International Astronautical Federation with the support of the International Academy of Astronautics and the International Institute of Space Law (IISL), holds the International Astronautical Congress (IAC) which is hosted by one of the national society members of the IAF.
They are an annual meeting of the actors in the discipline of space, and are generally held in late September or early October. They consist of plenary sessions, lectures and meetings. The IAC is attended by the agency heads and senior executives of the world's space agencies.
As the Second World War came to an end, the United States and the Soviet Union held different and competing political worldviews. As the Cold War began to take shape, communication between the two countries became less frequent. Both countries turned their focus to achieving military superiority over the other.
The International Astronautical Federation was formed six years after the Iron curtain fell by scientists from all over Europe in the field of space research in order to collaborate once more. During the years of the Space Race, the IAF was one of the few forums where members of both East and West Europe could meet during the annual International Astronautical Congresses.
- Argentina: Sociedad Argentina Interplanetaria (Argentianian Interplanetary Society)
- Austria: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung (Austrian Society for Space Research)
- France: Groupement Astronautique Français (French Astronautic Group)
- Germany: Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung Stuttgart (Society for Space Research Stuttgart), Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung Hamburg (Society for Space Research Hamburg)
- Italy: Associazione Italiana Razzi (Italian Rocket Association)
- Spain: Asociación Española de Astronáutica (Spanish Astronautical Association)
- Sweden: Svenska Interplanetariska Sällskapet (Swedish Interplanetary Society)
- Switzerland: Schweizerische Astronautische Arbeitsgemeinschaft (Swiss Astronautical Association)
- United Kingdom: British Interplanetary Society
- United States: American Rocket Society, Detroit Rocket Society, Pacific Rocket Society, Reaction Research Society
International Astronautical Federation GovernanceEdit
The International Astronautical Federation is a non-profit non-governmental organization created in 1951. Under French law, the IAF is defined as a federation of member organizations where a General Assembly is responsible for making decisions.
IAF General AssemblyEdit
The IAF general Assembly is in charge of governing the Federation. Composed of delegates from every member organization, the assembly is responsible for voting to approve all major decisions regarding the Federation's rules and regulations as well as the acceptance of new member organizations. The General Assembly meets during the International Astronautical Congress.
The IAF Bureau sets the agenda of the IAF General Assembly, including: review of new member candidates; supervision of IAF activities; and supervision of IAF accounts. It is made up of:
The IAF President The Incoming IAF President The IAF Honorary Ambassador 12 IAF Vice-Presidents The IAF Executive Director The IAF General Counsel The IAF Incoming General Counsel The IAF Honorary Secretary The President of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) The President of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) Special Advisor to the President
This branch is in charge of running the administration of the Federation.
Locations of recent and future International Astronautical Congresses (IAC)Edit
International Astronautical Congresses normally takes place during the first half of October. In 2002 and 2012 the World Space Congress combined the IAC and COSPAR Scientific Assembly.
|1st||September 30 – October 2, 1950||Paris, France|
|2nd||September 3–8, 1951||London, United Kingdom|
|3rd||September 1–5, 1952||Stuttgart, Germany|
|4th||August 3–8, 1953||Zurich, Switzerland|
|5th||August 2–7, 1954||Innsbruck, Austria|
|6th||August 2–6, 1955||Copenhagen, Denmark|
|7th||September 17–22, 1956||Rome, Italy|
|8th||October 6–12, 1957||Barcelona, Spain|
|9th||August 25–30, 1958||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|10th||August 31 – September 5, 1959||London, United Kingdom.|
|11th||October 7–12, 1960||Stockholm, Sweden|
|12th||October 1–7, 1961||Washington, D.C., USA|
|13th||September 19–23, 1962||Varna, Bulgaria|
|14th||September 25 – October 1, 1963||Paris, France|
|15th||September 7–12, 1964||Warsaw, Poland|
|16th||September 13–18, 1965||Athens, Greece|
|17th||October 9–15, 1966||Madrid, Spain|
|18th||September 24–30, 1967||Belgrade, Yugoslavia|
|19th||October 13–18, 1968||New York, USA|
|20th||October 5–10, 1969||Mar del Plata, Argentina|
|21st||October 4–9, 1970||Constance, Germany|
|22nd||September 20–25, 1971||Brussel, Belgium|
|23rd||October 8–15, 1972||Vienna, Austria|
|24th||October, 7–13, 1973||Baku, USSR|
|25th||September 30 – October 5, 1974||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|26th||September, 21–27 1975||Lisbon, Portugal|
|27th||October 10–16, 1976||Anaheim, California|
|28th||September 25 – October 1, 1977||Prague, Czechoslovakia|
|29th||October, 1–8, 1978||Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia|
|30th||September 17–22, 1979||Munich, Germany|
|31st||September 21–28, 1980||Tokyo, Japan|
|32nd||September 6–12, 1981||Rome, Italy|
|33rd||September 27 – October 2, 1982||Paris, France|
|34th||October 10–15, 1983||Budapest, Hungary|
|35th||October 8–13, 1984||Lausanne, Switzerland|
|36th||October 7–12, 1985||Stockholm, Sweden|
|37th||October 4–11, 1986||Innsbruck, Austria|
|38th||October 10–17, 1987||Brighton, United Kingdom|
|39th||October 8–15, 1988||Bangalore, India|
|40th||October 7–13, 1989||Malaga, Spain|
|41st||October 6–12, 1990||Dresden, Germany|
|42nd||October 5–11, 1991||Montreal, Canada|
|43rd||August 28 – September 5, 1992||Washington, D.C., USA|
|44th||October 16–22, 1993||Graz, Austria|
|45th||October 9–14, 1994||Jerusalem, Israel|
|46th||October 2–6, 1995||Oslo, Norway|
|47th||October 7–11, 1996||Beijing, China|
|48th||October 6–10, 1997||Torino, Italy|
|49th||September 28 – October 2, 1998||Melbourne, Australia|
|50th||October 4–8, 1999||Amsterdam, The Netherlands|
|51st||October 2–6, 2000||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|52nd||October 1–5, 2001||Toulouse, France|
|53rd||October 10–19, 2002||Houston, United States|
|54th||September 29 – October 3, 2003||Bremen, Germany|
|55th||October 4–8, 2004||Vancouver, Canada|
|56th||October 16–21, 2005||Fukuoka, Japan|
|57th||October 2–6, 2006||Valencia, Spain|
|58th||September 24–28, 2007||Hyderabad, India|
|59th||September 29 – October 3, 2008||Glasgow, United Kingdom|
|60th||October 12–16, 2009||Daejeon, South Korea|
|61st||September 27 – October 1, 2010||Prague, Czech Republic|
|62nd||October 3–7, 2011||Cape Town, South Africa|
|63rd||October 1–5, 2012||Naples, Italy|
|64th||September 23–27, 2013||Beijing, China|
|65th||September 29 – October 3, 2014||Toronto, Canada|
|66th||October 12–16, 2015||Jerusalem, Israel|
|67th||September 26–30, 2016||Guadalajara, Mexico|
|68th||September 25–29, 2017||Adelaide, Australia|
|69th||October 1–5, 2018||Bremen, Germany|
|70th||October 21–25, 2019||Washington DC, USA|
|71st||October 12-16, 2020||N/A (Virtually livestreamed due to COVID-19) |
|72nd||September 27 – October 1, 2021||Dubai, UAE |
|73rd||September 18-22, 2022||Paris, France |
|74th||September 25–29, 2023||Baku, Azerbaijan |
- "History | Iaf". www.iafastro.org. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- "Governance | Iaf". www.iafastro.org. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- L. G. Napolitano (October 22, 2013). Applications of Space Developments: Selected Papers from the XXXI International Astronautical Congress, Tokyo, 21 — 28 September 1980. Elsevier Science. ISBN 978-1-4831-5976-8.
- IAC – International Astronautical Congress | September 26th – 30th 2016 Guadalajara, Mexico, accessed January 28, 2016.
- "International Astronautical Congress in 2017". Archived from the original on October 1, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
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