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The internal iliac vein (hypogastric vein) begins near the upper part of the greater sciatic foramen, passes upward behind and slightly medial to the Internal iliac artery and, at the brim of the pelvis, joins with the external iliac vein to form the common iliac vein.

Internal iliac vein
The veins of the right half of the male pelvis.
The iliac veins. (Int. iliac visible at center.)
Drains to Common iliac vein
Artery Internal iliac artery
Latin Vena iliaca interna,
vena hypogastrica
TA A12.3.10.004
FMA 18884
Anatomical terminology



With the exception of the fetal umbilical vein which passes upward and backward from the umbilicus to the liver, and the iliolumbar vein which usually joins the common iliac vein, the tributaries of the Internal Iliac vein correspond with the branches of the Internal iliac artery.

Receives Description
superior gluteal veins
inferior gluteal veins
internal pudendal veins
obturator veins
have their origins outside the pelvis;
lateral sacral veins lie in front of the sacrum
middle hemorrhoidal vein
vesical vein
uterine vein
vaginal veins
originate in venous plexuses connected with the pelvic viscera.

Additional imagesEdit


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 673 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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