Inter-State Council

The Constitution of India in Article 263, provided that an Inter-State Council (ISC) may be established "if at any time it appears to the President that the public interests would be served by the establishment of a Council". Therefore, the constitution itself did not establish the ISC, because it was not considered necessary at the time the constitution was being framed, but kept the option for its establishment open. This option was exercised in 1990. Therefore, the ISC was established as a permanent body on 28 May 1990 by a presidential order on recommendation of Sarkaria Commission.[1][2] Moreover, the Commission on Centre-State Relations under the Chairmanship of Justice R. S. Sarkaria had recommended that a permanent Inter-State Council called the Inter-Governmental Council (IGC) should be set up under Article 263. The ISC has been established pursuant to this recommendation of the commission.[3] It cannot be dissolved and re-established. Therefore, the current status of ISC is that of a permanent constitutional body.[3] The objective of the ISC is to discuss or investigate policies, subjects of common interest, and disputes among states.[2]

Inter-State Council
अन्तर्राज्य परिषद
FormationMay 28, 1990; 32 years ago (1990-05-28)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi


  1. Decentralisation of powers to the states as much as possible.
  2. More transfer of financial resources to the states.
  3. Arrangements for devolution in such a way that the states can fulfil their obligations.
  4. Advancement of loans to states should be related to as ‘the productive principle’.
  5. Deployment of Central Armed Police Forces in the states either on their request or otherwise.


The Inter-State Council composes of the following members:[4]

Standing Committee

  • Union Home Minister, Chairman
  • 5 Union Cabinet Ministers
  • 9 Chief Ministers


The Council has met 12 times since its inception (1990).[5]

Sr. No. Date Prime Minister
1 10 October 1990 V. P. Singh
2 15 October 1996 H. D. Deve Gowda
3 17 July 1997 Inder Kumar Gujral
4 28 November 1997
5 22 January 1999 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
6 20 May 2000
7 16 November 2001
8 27–28 March 2003
9 28 June 2005 Manmohan Singh
10 12 December 2006
11 16 July 2016 Narendra Modi
12 25 November 2017


  1. ^ "Article 263 in The Constitution Of India 1949". Indian Kanoon. 28 May 1990. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Genesis of the Inter State Council". Inter State Council Secretariat. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b Sharma, Chanchal Kumar (20 June 2015). "Reimagining Federalism in India: Exploring the Frontiers of Collaborative Federal Architecture". Asia Pacific Social Science Review. 15 (1).
  4. ^ "Composition of the Inter State Council". Inter State Council Secretariat. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Meetings of the Inter State Council". Inter State Council Secretariat. Retrieved 2 January 2017.