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The Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) is an organisation responsible for fostering coordination and enabling prioritisation across the different branches of the Indian Armed Forces. It is composed of representatives from the Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Air Force, Ministry of External Affairs, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Finance. The IDS is headed by Chief of Integrated Defence Staff along with Deputy Chiefs of Integrated Defence Staff. The body advises and assists the chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee. It was established on 23 November 2001 after the recommendations of the Kargil Review Committee and is located at New Delhi.[1][2][3][4][5]

Integrated Defence Staff
Agency overview
Formed23 November 2001; 17 years ago (2001-11-23)
MottoVictory Through Jointness
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Agency executives
Parent departmentMinistry of Defence, Government of India
Websiteids.nic.in

Contents

Role and ResponsibilitiesEdit

Roles of the IDS includes facilitating the efficient functioning of multi-service bodies[6] such as the Defence Satellite Control Centre (Integrated Space Cell), providing secretarial and domain expertise to the Minister of Defence in all proposals of capital defence procurements[7] and providing the building of cooperation through intra-service deliberations for procurements, joint doctrines, joint training and common procedures.[8] The Defence Cyber Agency, the Defence Space Agency,[9] and the Armed Forces Special Operations Division will function under the IDS.[10] These three agencies are expected to become operational by November 2019.[11]

The colour of jointmanship of the three services is purple, hence, the term 'Purple Fraternity' is applied to their ranks.[9]

HistoryEdit

Post-independence, a military wing was created inside the Cabinet Secretariat. The wing was later shifted to the Ministry of Defence. The wing was headed by Joint Secretary (Military), a major general (or equivalent)-level officer, who was responsible for keeping the Cabinet Secretary informed through the Defence Secretary about defence-related issues and had various other responsibilities including on coordination-related matters.[12]

The Defence Planning Staff was established under the Ministry of Defence in 1986 to provide assistance to the Chiefs of Staff Committee. Comprising representatives from the Ministry of External Affairs, the Ministry of Defence (including one scientist from the Defence Research and Development Organisation) and the Ministry of Finance, the organisation was headed by Director General Defence Planning Staff (DG DPS), a lieutenant general (or equivalent)-level position held in rotation by the three services, and had five divisions.[13] The DG DPS had the status of a vice chief of staff.[14]

After the Kargil War between India and Pakistan, the Kargil Review Committee (KRC) was set up by the Government of India on 29 July 1999[15] under the chairpersonship of retired Indian Administrative Service officer and former Defence Production Secretary, K. Subrahmanyam. The committee submitted its report to the prime minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, on 7 January 2000 and was tabled in the Parliament of India on 23 February 2000.[16][17]

Following KRC's report, a group of ministers (GoM) was set up on 17 April 2000 to consider the recommendations in the Kargil Review Committee Report, as well as to review national security more thoroughly. The GoM consisted of L. K. Advani, George Fernandes, Jaswant Singh, Yashwant Sinha, the ministers of home affairs, defence, external affairs and finance, respectively. Brajesh Mishra, National Security Advisor, was assigned as a special guest to the meetings of the GoM and the Cabinet Secretariat (National Security Council Secretariat) provided any help required.[18] The GoM came out with its own report, "Reforming the National Security System".[19] The GoM report was submitted by them to Prime Minister Vajpayee on 26 February 2001.[20]

Pursuant to the recommendations of the KRC and GoM, as well as prior recommendations by the Standing Committee on Defence of the Parliament of India,[19] the Government of India constituted the Integrated Defence Staff under the Ministry of Defence through a notification on 23 November 2001.[21][22] The Defence Planning Staff and the Military Wing inside the Ministry of Defence were merged into IDS.[23]

IDS celebrates its raising day on 1 October every year, 2018 being the 18th.[9][24][25]

Organisational structureEdit

The body is headed by the chief of Integrated Defence Staff who as a status equivalent to that of a vice chief of staff. It consists of various branches, divisions and directorates. The CIDS is assisted by various staff officers, designated deputy chiefs of integrated staff, who are lieutenant general (or equivalent)-level officers and head different branches. An assistant chief of integrated defence staff—major general (or equivalent)-level officer—heads a division whilst a deputy assistant chief of integrated staff heads a directorate. The organisation is staffed by officers and personnel from the three services, together with officials from the Ministry of External Affairs and the Defence Accounts Department and the Defence Research and Development Organisation of the Ministry of Defence.[3]

Different branches under Chiefs of Staff Committee are:
Branch Deputy chief of staff responsible Images Reference(s)
Policy Planning and Force Development Vice Admiral

Ajendra Bahadur Singh

[26]
Doctrine, Organisation and Training Lieutenant General

P. J. S. Pannu

  [27]
Operations Air Marshal

P. N. Pradhan

[28]
Intelligence Lieutenant General

A. S. Bedi

  [29]
Medical Branch Lieutenant General

C. S. Narayanan

  [30]

HeadquartersEdit

The Headquarters of the Integrated Defence Staff (HQ IDS) is located in New Delhi. The Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC), its secretariat and certain other components are situated in South Block, Secretariat Building, New Delhi. The major portion of the HQ IDS is located in Kashmir House, New Delhi. The HQ IDS functions as the secretariat to the chairman of COSC.[6]

The new HQ Integrated Defence Staff building complex is at Mehram Nagar, Delhi Cantonment.[8]

Integrated inter-services cyber security agencyEdit

In January 2019, the government announced that it was in the process of setting up an integrated inter-services cyber security agency under IDS which will pool resources from all branches of military and specifically look at threats from the cyber domain.[31]

List of chiefs of Integrated Defence StaffEdit

 
D. K. Joshi takes over as Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee from S. C. Mukul, in New Delhi on 31 December 2010
No. Name Portrait Branch Assumed Office Left Office Reference(s)
1 Lieutenant General

Pankaj Joshi

  Indian Army 1 October 2001 (2001-10-01) 30 September 2003 (2003-09-30) [32]
2 Vice Admiral

Raman Puri

  Indian Navy 20 October 2003 (2003-10-20) 28 February 2006 (2006-02-28) [33]
3 Lieutenant General

H. S. Lidder

  Indian Army 2 March 2006 (2006-03-02) 31 September 2008 (2008-09-31) [34][35][36]
4 Air Marshal

Suresh Chandra Mukul

  Indian Air Force 1 October 2008 (2008-10-01) 30 December 2010 (2010-12-30) [37][38]
5 Vice Admiral

Devendra Kumar Joshi

  Indian Navy 31 December 2010 (2010-12-31) 3 July 2011 (2011-07-03) [39]
6 Vice Admiral

Shekhar Sinha

  4 July 2011 (2011-07-04) 30 August 2011 (2011-08-30) [40]
7 Vice Admiral

S. P. S. Cheema

  31 August 2011 (2011-08-31) 1 November 2012 (2012-11-01) [41]
8 Lieutenant General

N. C. Marwah

  Indian Army 2 November 2012 (2012-11-02) 30 June 2013 (2013-06-30) [42]
9 Lieutenant General

Anil Chait

  1 July 2013 (2013-07-01) 30 June 2014 (2014-06-30) [43]
10 Air Marshal

P. P. Reddy

    Indian Air Force 1 July 2014 (2014-07-01) 30 October 2016 (2016-10-30) [44][45]
11 Lieutenant General

Satish Dua

    Indian Army 31 October 2016 (2016-10-31) 31 October 2018 (2018-10-31) [46]
12 Lieutenant General

P. S. Rajeshwar

  1 November 2018 (2018-11-01) Incumbent [47]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kaushik Roy (2 March 2017). Conventional Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to the Present. Taylor & Francis. pp. 211–. ISBN 978-1-351-94867-8.
  2. ^ Ayesha Ray (24 January 2013). The Soldier and the State in India: Nuclear Weapons, Counterinsurgency, and the Transformation of Indian Civil-Military Relations. SAGE Publications. pp. 49–. ISBN 978-81-321-1154-2.
  3. ^ a b "Organization of IDS".
  4. ^ "History of IDS" (PDF).
  5. ^ Headquarters Integrated Defence staff celebrates its 17th Raising Day. Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Defence, 1 October 2017 15:07 IST.http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=171296
  6. ^ a b Controller Of Defence Accounts (Integrated Defence Staff). Defence Accounts Department Office Manual 2014 Edition Chapter 1. The Controller General Of Defence Accounts. National Informatics Center.
  7. ^ "Role of integrated defence staff in defence procurement". Bharat Shakti. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  8. ^ a b "Defence Minister Arun Jaitley lays foundation stone for HQ Integrated Defence Staff building". dna. 2014-06-28. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  9. ^ a b c "18TH Raising Day of HQ IDS". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  10. ^ Datta, Rahul (18 January 2019). "India to raise its own SEALs". The Pioneer. Archived from the original on 29 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  11. ^ P, Rajat (16 May 2019). "Agencies take shape for special operations, space, cyber war | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  12. ^ Integrated Defence Staff, pp. 1, 2.
  13. ^ Integrated Defence Staff, p. 4.
  14. ^ Integrated Defence Staff, pp. 5.
  15. ^ "Executive Summary of the Kargil Committee Report:". nuclearweaponarchive.org. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  16. ^ Swami, Praveen (22 January 2000). "A committee and some questions: A first-person account with regard to the Kargil Review Committee Report and its implications". Frontline. The Hindu Group. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  17. ^ Menon, Air Marshal Narayan. "Downhill from Kargil". Indian Defence Review. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  18. ^ "GoM Report on National Security, Chapter 1. Appointment, Approach and Methodology" (PDF). Vivekananda International Foundation. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  19. ^ a b Rana, Vijai Singh (May 2016). "Status Of Jointness In Indian Security Apparatus | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses". Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  20. ^ "'Group of Ministers' Report on "Reforming the National Security System"". Press Information Bureau, India. 23 May 2001. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  21. ^ "Integrated Defence Staff - Vision and History". Integrated Defence Staff.
  22. ^ Chait, Anil (2017-02-08). "Time for upgrade". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  23. ^ Integrated Defence Staff, pp. 3, 5.
  24. ^ "IDS set up post-Kargil conflict marks 17th Raising Day". India Today. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  25. ^ "Integrated Defence Staff celebrates 17th Raising Day". Deccan Chronicle. 2017-10-01. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  26. ^ "DCIDS (PP&FD)".
  27. ^ "DEPUTY CHIEF OF INTEGRATED DEFENCE STAFF (DOT)".
  28. ^ "DEPUTY CHIEF OF INTEGRATED DEFENCE STAFF (OPS)".
  29. ^ "DGDIA & DCIDS (Int)".
  30. ^ "DCIDS (MEDICAL)".
  31. ^ India in final stages of setting up Defence Cyber Agency, Economic TImes, 16 Jan 2019.
  32. ^ "The Hindu : Pankaj Joshi is new CIDS". thehindu.com. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  33. ^ "Raman Puri takes over as CIDS". 2003-10-21. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  34. ^ "India will continue to strive towards achieving minimum deterrence - Antony". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  35. ^ "NDA Cadets Excel in World Arena". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  36. ^ "Lt Gen HS Lidder new CIDS". oneindia.com. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  37. ^ "Air Marshal S.C. Mukul bids farewell". The Hindu. 2008-09-29. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  38. ^ "Lt Gen Nagal is new Strategic Forces commander". 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  39. ^ "Press Information Bureau Photo Gallery". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  40. ^ "Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha took over as the Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CISC), in New Delhi on July 04, 2011". Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  41. ^ "New Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to the Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (CISC) Takes Over". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  42. ^ "Lt Gen Naresh Chandra Marwah takes Over as the Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to the Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee (CISC)". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  43. ^ "Lieutenant General Anil Chait Takes over as Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to CISC". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  44. ^ "Air Marshal PP Reddy Takes Over as CISC". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  45. ^ IANS (2014-07-01). "Air Marshal Reddy is new Chief of Integrated Defence Staff". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  46. ^ "Lt Gen Satish Dua takes over as CISC". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  47. ^ "Lt Gen P S Rajeshwar assumes charge as Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman, COSC". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-11-29.

BibliographyEdit