In mathematics, the n-dimensional integer lattice (or cubic lattice), denoted Zn, is the lattice in the Euclidean space Rn whose lattice points are n-tuples of integers. The two-dimensional integer lattice is also called the square lattice, or grid lattice. Zn is the simplest example of a root lattice. The integer lattice is an odd unimodular lattice.
The automorphism group (or group of congruences) of the integer lattice consists of all permutations and sign changes of the coordinates, and is of order 2n n!. As a matrix group it is given by the set of all n×n signed permutation matrices. This group is isomorphic to the semidirect product
In the study of Diophantine geometry, the square lattice of points with integer coordinates is often referred to as the Diophantine plane. In mathematical terms, the Diophantine plane is the Cartesian product of the ring of all integers . The study of Diophantine figures focuses on the selection of nodes in the Diophantine plane such that all pairwise distances are integer.