Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale

The Institut français d'archéologie orientale (or IFAO), also known as the French Institute for Oriental Archaeology in Cairo, is a French research institute based in Cairo, Egypt, dedicated to the study of the archaeology, history and languages of the various periods of Egypt's civilisation.

Institut français d'archéologie orientale
The double lion logo of the Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale
Founder(s)Jules Ferry
DirectorLaurent Bavay

The IFAO is under the authority of the French Ministry for National Education, Advanced Instruction, and Research.

The Institute conducts archaeological excavations and also publishes a number of books and journals.


The IFAO was created on 28 December 1880 by a signed decree of the French Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts Jules Ferry, which created a permanent Mission in Cairo, intended as a counterpart in Egypt of the French School at Athens (Ecole française d'Athènes) and French School of Rome (Ecole française de Rome), under the name of French School of Cairo (École française du Caire).

The School adopted its current name of Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale in 1898.[1] In 1907, the IFAO moved into Mounira Palace.[2] In 1929, a restoration of the building is undertaken, which includes the replacement of the art nouveau decoration on the façade with neo-classical.[2]

Since February 2011, the IFAO has been a part of the network, Écoles françaises à l’étranger (EFE), made of five higher education and research establishments.[3] The other four establishments are École française d'Athènes (French School in Athens), École française de Rome (French School in Rome), École française d’Extrême-Orient (French School of the Far East), and Casa de Velázquez, Madrid.[3]




Head of Scientific and Technical RelationsEdit

Recent IFAO archaeological excavationsEdit

This section originally from French Wikipedia article: Fouille archéologique en Égypte
25 March - 28 April 2004 (10th expedition)
  • Adaima
1 November - 15 December 2003 (15th expedition)
4 October - 28 December 2003
7 October 2005 - 7 January 2006
4 January - 8 February 2004
27 March - 18 May 2004
20 December 2003 - 4 May 2004
  • Baouit
11–29 September 2003
12 April - 12 June 2003
7 October - 22 November 2003
26 April - 15 June 2004
27 September - 25 October 2003
12–15 December 2003
November 2003 - February 2004
2014 to present[6]
  • Qal' At Al-Guindi
17 February-6 March 2004
  • the temple of Qasr Al-Aguz
April 2001, carried out by Pr Claude Traunecker (1st expedition)
10 April 2004 - 29 April 2004 (4th expedition)
  • Saqqara-South, directed by Vassil Dobrev
8 October 2003 - 30 December 2003
1994 (1st expedition)
25 August - 30 October 2003
5–17 April 2004
  • El Tôd, carried out by Christophe Thiers (6th expedition)
15 November - 11 December 2003


Cover of Le Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (BIFAO), Vol.103 (2003).

The Institute has a library containing more than 80,000 volumes, and also publishes a variety of books and journals. The IFAO's scientific members belong to two sections: the first studies ancient Egyptian and papyrological matters, while the second studies the Coptic and Islamic periods.

Journals and book series of the IFAO include:

  • Annales islamologiques (AnIsl)
  • Bibliothèque d'études
  • Bulletin critique des Annales islamologiques (BCAI)
  • Bulletin de la céramique égyptienne (BCE)
  • Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (BIFAO)
  • Cahiers des Annales islamologiques (CAI)
  • Cahiers de la céramique égyptienne (CCE)
  • Documents de fouilles de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale (DFIFAO)
  • Études alexandrines
  • Études urbaines
  • Fouilles de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale (FIFAO)
  • Mémoires publiés par les membres de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale (MIFAO)
  • Mémoires publiés par les membres de la Mission archéologique française du Caire (MMAF)
  • Paléographie hiéroglyphique
  • Publications du Service des antiquités de l'Égypte et de l'Ifao (PIFAO)
  • Recherches d'archéologie, de philologie et d'histoire (RAPH)
  • Répertoire chronologique d'épigraphie arabe (RCEA)
  • Textes arabes et études islamiques
  • Temples ptolémaïques
  • Textes et traductions d'auteurs orientaux (TTA)
  • Voyageurs occidentaux en Égypte


  1. ^ "Institut français d'archéologie orientale - IFAO". Écoles françaises à l'étranger. Retrieved 2022-12-22.
  2. ^ a b "IFAO - Institut français d'archéologie orientale". Retrieved 2022-12-22.
  3. ^ a b "The Réseau des Écoles françaises à l'étranger". Écoles françaises à l'étranger. Retrieved 2022-12-22.
  4. ^ Directeurs de l’IFAO depuis sa fondation
  5. ^ Nomination du directeur de l'IFAO
  6. ^ "Ouadi Sannour". Institut français d’archéologie orientale (in French). Retrieved 2022-12-22.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 30°02′00″N 31°14′06″E / 30.033293°N 31.234993°E / 30.033293; 31.234993