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Bull-man protecting a palmtree, Decorative brick panel from the outer wall of a temple to Inshushinak at Susa (12th century BC)

Inshushinak was one of the major gods of the Elamites and the protector deity of Susa. The ziggurat at Choqa Zanbil is dedicated to him.


  • Potts, Daniel T. (1999). The Archaeology of Elam: formation and transformation of an ancient Iranian state (PDF). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 0-521-56358-5.
  • Hinz, Walther (October 1965). "The Elamite God d.Gal". Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 24 (4, Erich F. Schmidt Memorial Issue, Pt. two): 351–354. doi:10.1086/371831. JSTOR 543645.
  • Choksy, Jamsheed K. (2002). "In reverence for deities and submission to kings: A few gestures in ancient Near Eastern societies". Iranica Antiqua. 37: 7–29. doi:10.2143/IA.37.0.116.