Initao, officially the Municipality of Initao (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Initao; Tagalog: Bayan ng Initao), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 33,902 people. [3]

Municipality of Initao
Initao Municipal Hall
Initao Municipal Hall
Map of Misamis Oriental with Initao highlighted
Map of Misamis Oriental with Initao highlighted
Initao is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°30′00″N 124°19′00″E / 8.5°N 124.3167°E / 8.5; 124.3167Coordinates: 8°30′00″N 124°19′00″E / 8.5°N 124.3167°E / 8.5; 124.3167
RegionNorthern Mindanao
ProvinceMisamis Oriental
District 2nd district
Barangays16 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorEnerito J. Acain V
 • Vice MayorCora Z. Sayre
 • RepresentativeJuliette T. Uy
 • Municipal Council
 • Electorate21,820 voters (2019)
 • Total111.27 km2 (42.96 sq mi)
51 m (167 ft)
Highest elevation
409 m (1,342 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total33,902
 • Density300/km2 (790/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence31.86% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱176,384,047.00 (2020)
 • Assets₱567,932,892.00 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱134,869,980.00 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱132,620,850.00 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityMisamis Oriental 1 Rural Electric Cooperative (MORESCO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Native languagesCebuano

It is seated about 39 kilometres (24 mi) west of the provincial capital of Cagayan de Oro City, 29 kilometres (18 mi) east of Iligan City, and about 767 kilometres (477 mi) south-south-east of Philippine capital, Manila. The nearest primary road network is the Butuan City-Cagayan de Oro City-Iligan City Road. The nearest airport is Laguindingan International Airport located 39 minutes away towards Cagayan de Oro.

HazardHunterPh app assessment on seismic hazard marks the town safe from ground rupture, prone to ground shaking and generally susceptible to liquefaction. Volcanic Hazard assessment mainly identifies it as having no immediate volcanic hazard threat base on its location to the nearest active volcano. However, it has high susceptibility to flooding at 1 to 2 meters flood height and lasting for more than 3 days.

Economic activity in the area is mainly dependent on fishing, agriculture, retail, tourism and government services such as The Misamis Oriental Provincial Hospital-Initao, Regional Trial Court Branch 44, Initao-Libertad 8th Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Initao College, the BJMP, DENR, DepEd etc. According to the Bureau of Local Government Finance, the annual regular revenue of Initao for the fiscal year of 2016 was ₱98,017,030.37.

Tourism sites include the Initao-Libertad Protected Landscape and Seascape which locals simply call "lasang" or forest in the local dialect, various beaches dotting its shorelines and recent additions of agritourism sites developed by locals.

Significant town celebrations include the town fiesta celebrated by Roman Catholics in honor of the Patron Saint Francis Xavier which is held every December 2 and 3 although the celebration stretches for a week. Various festivals promoting tourism are also being spearheaded by the LGU and the Provincial Government of Misamis Oriental.


Rural area

Initao is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.

  • Aluna
  • Andales
  • Apas
  • Calacapan
  • Gimangpang
  • Jampason
  • Kamelon
  • Kanitoan
  • Oguis
  • Pagahan
  • Poblacion
  • Pontacon
  • San Pedro
  • Sinalac
  • Tawantawan
  • Tubigan


Climate data for Initao, Misamis Oriental
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
Average low °C (°F) 24
Average precipitation mm (inches) 271
Average rainy days 23.2 19.5 22.0 22.8 29.6 28.9 30.3 29.8 28.1 28.8 26.1 24.1 313.2
Source: Meteoblue [5]


White sand beach at Initao

Based on the research report submitted by L.M. Neri, A.M.M. Ragrario, E.C.R. Robles, and A.J. Carlos, the original settlers of Initao were the Bukidnons. They were described as warlike and aggressive and ready to sacrifice their lives in defending their territory. It is said that the early community in Initao was ruled by three (3) brothers named Datu Hukom, Datu Tamparong, and Datu Pulagoyan, who had to protect early settlers in Initao against Moro invasions in the sixteenth century.

Because of the frequent threat by the Moro pirates, the people of Initao became war-like. They were considered to be /hot-blooded/ and /hot-tempered/ fearless fighters. Hence, the word Initao comes from the word init which means “hot” and tao which means “people.” They were people perpetually prepared to fight their enemy to defend their territory and community. Legend also has it that the Moro raiders were defeated, the people planted bamboo along the Initao River as a symbol of peace and truce among them.

The word Initao, originally spelled by the Spaniards as Ynitao, was mentioned on August 6, 1838, in the inventory of livestock, fruits, exotic and cereal plants in the Provincia de Misamis (Ereccion de Pueblos, Misamis 1808–1839). In May 1858, Ynitao was headed by Gobernadorcillo Francisco Antonio and succeeded by Gobernadorcillo Abariano Caburratan in 1894.

In 1838, Initao was a Spanish pueblo composed of 3 cabecerias (Ereccion de Pueblos, Misamis 1808–1839). On October 27, 1877, Ynitao had 7 cabecerias which became 8 on June 30, 1882. It was decreased to 1 cabeceria, known as Apas, on June 30, 1883, until 1884 with a total population of 1,514. On June 30, 1887, Ynitao again increased its number of cabeceria to 19 and decreased to 12 on October 3, 1892.

In 1896–1902, Ynitao was in the province of Lanao. In 1903, Initao once again became a pueblo. The municipality is one of the oldest in the western part of Misamis Oriental.

In 1957, the barrio of Naawan, then part of Initao, was constituted into the town of Naawan.[6]


Population census of Initao
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,374—    
1918 7,371+3.54%
1939 19,576+4.76%
1948 39,462+8.10%
1960 17,272−6.65%
1970 16,904−0.21%
1975 18,906+2.27%
1980 21,842+2.93%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 23,113+0.57%
1995 23,340+0.18%
2000 27,035+3.20%
2007 29,624+1.27%
2010 29,331−0.36%
2015 32,370+1.90%
2020 33,902+0.91%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][8][9][10]

In the 2020 census, the population of Initao, Misamis Oriental, was 33,902 people, [3] with a density of 300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 780 inhabitants per square mile.



Initao Beach
  • Lasang Secret Adventure is a 57-hectare natural forest with diverse flora and fauna located within the Initao–Libertad Protected Landscape and Seascape, accessible via the National Highway (Cagayan de Oro to Iligan) that snakes through the forest. Attractions and activities include split-nose bats, caves, spelunking, fishing, swimming, snorkeling, scuba diving and diving from the high steep rock surface down to the sea water. Facilities for overnight stays are present.
A variety of different corals dominate the underwater environment and a wide variety of fish can be found making home amidst it. Tourists interested in a snorkeling safari can camp or rent cottages located in the park.


Initao can be reached by plane through Laguindingan Airport. From the airport one can choose to ride a coaster, taxi or a bus. Travel time is 30 minutes west. Like any other in the province of Misamis Oriental town, the National Highway snakes through it. Visitors and locals can go around the town by just hailing a "sikad-sikad", a habal-habal, a motorboat or a jeepney.


PLDT Home Fibr, Globe, TM, Smart and Sun are serviceable in this town. DITO Telecommunity lines have also been constructed to cater customers in the event of its activation.


  • Initao Central School is a public elementary school. There are elementary schools in almost every barangay in this town.
  • Initao National Comprehensive High School is a public secondary school. The school has a playing field where soccer matches are held occasionally and soccer practice by local enthusiasts is held almost every afternoon.
  • Xavier Academy High School is a Catholic school. It is very strict on disciplinary and religious activities.[citation needed] The school is known for its formality and extracurricular activities like the Xavier on the Runway and Pinoy Big Teacher with its champion III-St.Ignatius '09-'10. Its teacher to student ratio is an ideal alternative to the sometimes overcrowded public high school.[citation needed]
  • Initao College is twelve years in operation.[when?] This college was recently revived and it was CHED recognized college on the year 2015.[citation needed] The school campus is located in Purok 2A, Jampason. The courses offered are Bachelor in Elementary Education (BEEd), B.S. Business Administration (BSBA), and B.S. in Hotel and Restaurant Management (BSHRM).


  1. ^ Municipality of Initao | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Initao: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  6. ^ "An Act Creating the Municipality of Naawan, Province of Misamis Oriental". Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  7. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Misamis Oriental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  12. ^; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

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