Ingonde, Ingund, Ingunda, or (in Latin) Ingundis (born c. 499, Thuringia d. 546) was a queen of the Franks by marriage to Clotaire I, son of Clovis.[1][2][3]


She was the daughter of King Baderic of Thuringia (c. 480 - c. 529). She became concubine to Clotaire in c.517,[4][5] before his marriage in c. 524 to Guntheuc, widow of Clotaire's brother Chlodomer.[Tours 1] This brought Clotaire access to Chlodomer's treasury.[6] On Guntheuc's death in 532, Clotaire married Ingund. During their long relationship, she bore him six children, four of whom would become kings or queen:[Tours 2]

  • Gonthaire or Gonthier, in Latin Gunthacharius, born around 517, died after 532. He took part around 532 in a military campaign led in Septimania;
  • Charibert I (or Caribert; circa 521-567), king of Paris from 561 to 567;
  • Guntram (or Gontran; around 533-592), King of Burgundy from 561 to 592, King of Paris from 584 to 592;
  • Sigebert I (circa 535-575), king of Austrasia from 561 to 575.
  • Childeric (possibly Childebert or Childericus ), died before 561;
  • Clodoswinthe, died before 567. She became Queen of the Lombards by marrying King Alboin, son of Aldoin .

Shortly after their marriage (c. 533–538) Ingund requested of Clotaire that he find a husband worthy of her sister, Aregund.[7][Tours 3] Finding no one suitable, Chlothar took Aregund as one of his own wives in a polygamous marriage.[Tours 4] Ingund did not object to this arrangement;[Tours 5] Aregund remained his wife until Ingund's death in 546, after which she fell out of favor with Chlothar.[8]

Primary References from Gregory of ToursEdit

  1. ^ "...and Clothar immediately married his brother's wife, Guntheuca by name."
  2. ^ "The king had ... by Ingunda, Gunthar, Childeric, Charibert, Gunthram, Sigibert, and a daughter Chlotsinda;"
  3. ^ "I beg that you consent to find a husband for my sister"
  4. ^ "To this request he gave heed and being of a wanton nature he fell in love with Aregunda and went to the estate on which she was living and married her himself."
  5. ^ "Let my Lord do what seems good in his eyes"


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Settipani, Christian (1993). La préhistoire des Capétiens, 481-987. Patrick van Kerrebrouck. Villeneuve d'Ascq: P. Van Kerrebrouck. ISBN 2-9501509-3-4. OCLC 29856008.
  2. ^ Lejeune, Paule (1989). Les reines de France. [Paris]: Vernal/P. Lebaud. pp. 29–30. ISBN 2-86594-042-X. OCLC 21003022.
  3. ^ Christian Bouyer, Les reines de France, dictionnaire chronologique, Éditions Perrin, Paris, 1992.
  4. ^ Cawley, Charles. "Medieval Lands - Franks, Merovingian Kings". Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved 2022-09-19.
  5. ^ Gregory of Tours IV.3, pp. 197-8.
  6. ^ Grégoire de Tours, Histoire, livre III, 6.
  7. ^ Gregory of Tours, Decem Libri Historiarum, IV.3; translated by Lewis Thorpe, History of the Franks (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974), p. 197f.
  8. ^ Grégoire de Tours, Histoire, livre IV, 3.