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An inflation hedge is an investment intended to protect the investor against (hedge) a decrease in the real value of money (inflation). Such investments have intrinsic value: e.g. oil, natural gas, gold, farmland, and to a lesser degree commercial real estate. Typically most hard assets are an excellent inflation hedge. In general, commodities/hard assets are negatively correlated to both stocks and bonds. In other words, when stocks and bonds decline, commodities tend to appreciate. In addition, during periods of high inflation/negative real interest rates equities and bonds do poorly (see 20% total return over 11 years from 1970 to 1981 for the S&P 500 v. 1,100% increase in oil prices and 550% increase in western Canada farmland prices during same period) while commodities and other hard assets appreciate in value.
Farmland values in southern South America, for instance, dropped slightly in USD terms and remained stable in terms of EUR and other major currencies during the mid-2008 to mid-2009 global financial crisis
- Commodity Prices and Inflation, What's the Connection? - http://mises.org/story/3018
- Marotta Asset Management - http://www.emarotta.com/article.php?ID=234
- Agcapita Farmland Investment Partnership - Farmland and Inflation http://www.farmlandinvestmentpartnership.com/pdfs/FIP%20Financial%20Characteristics.pdf
- Hard Asset Investor - "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- Fields of Gold - https://www.thestar.com/News/Ideas/article/475036
- Yahoo Finance - https://finance.yahoo.com/q/hp?s=%5EGSPC
- WTRG - http://www.wtrg.com/prices.htm
- Petrocapita Income Trust (Oil Production Assets as an Inflation Hedge- http://www.petrocapita.com
- Stats Canada
- Agcapita Farmland Investment Partnership - S&P versus Farmland and Oil in the 1970s http://www.farmlandinvestmentpartnership.com/pdfs/Agcapita_Newsletter_-_July_18_2008.pdf
- Alpha, Beta, and Commodities: Can a Commodities Investment be Both a High Risk-Adjusted Return Source and a Portfolio Hedge? "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- Farmland - hedge against inflation http://www.argentina-estancias.com/inflationhedge-farmland.htm