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Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal

Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal (Portuguese: Maria Ana; 13 July 1861 – 31 July 1942) was Grand Duchess of Luxembourg as the wife of Grand Duke Guillaume IV and the country's regent in the name of their daughter, Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde. She was a member of the House of Braganza.

Marie Anne of Portugal
Grande Duchesse Maria Anna de Luxembourg.jpg
Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg
Tenure17 November 1905 – 25 February 1912
Regent of Luxembourg
Tenure19 November 1908 –
18 June 1912
Born(1861-07-13)13 July 1861
Bronnbach Castle, Wertheim am Main, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Imperial Confederation
Died31 July 1942(1942-07-31) (aged 81)
New York City, U.S.
IssueMarie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Hilda, Princess of Schwarzenberg
Antonia, Crown Princess of Bavaria
Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
Princess Sophie of Saxony
FatherMiguel I of Portugal
MotherPrincess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
ReligionRoman Catholicism


Born at Schloss Bronnbach in Bronnbach, Wertheim am Main, Kingdom of Württemberg, Infanta Marie Anne (or Maria Ana) was the fifth child and second-youngest daughter of the deposed King Miguel of Portugal and his wife Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. As such, she was titled and styled from birth as an infanta of Portugal. At the time of her birth, her father had been exiled, and the family lived as guests in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

In spite of their straitened circumstances, the daughters of Miguel I made good marriages, some to reigning monarchs and deposed heads of Roman Catholic European dynasties.

Marriage and childrenEdit

Before her marriage with William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, she was considered by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria as a suitable bride to his only son and heir, Rudolf, but Rudolf did not like her and she would remain single for the next years. Infanta Maria Ana was married on 21 June 1893 at Schloss Fischhorn, Zell am See, to the Protestant Wilhelm, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, the son and heir apparent of Adolf, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, head of the House of Nassau. It was agreed that the children would be raised in their mother's Catholic faith, the religion of the overwhelming majority of Luxembourg's population.

Grand Duchess Marie Anne with her daughters August 1920.

The couple had six daughters.

Wilhelm IV became grand duke on the death of his father on 17 November 1905, and Marie Anne became grand duchess.

Because Wilhelm was the last agnate of the House of Nassau, he had Marie-Adelaide confirmed and proclaimed heir presumptive on 10 July 1907. Upon her father's death, she became the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg. Following her abdication on 14 January 1919, her sister Charlotte succeeded her on the throne.

Grand Duchess Marie Anne was regent for her husband during his terminal illness from 19 November 1908 to 15 February 1912, and then regent for her daughter, Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde, during her minority from 25 February 1912 to 18 June 1912.

Dowager Grand Duchess Marie Anne died in exile in New York on 31 July 1942, the family having fled Germany because of World War II.

Titles and stylesEdit

  • 13 July 1861 – 21 June 1893: Her Royal Highness Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal[4]
  • 21 June 1893 – 17 November 1905: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
  • 17 November 1905 – 15 February 1912: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
  • 15 February 1912 – 31 July 1942: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ Theroff, Paul. "Princely House of Schwarzenberg". (Paul Theroff’s Royal Genealogy Site).[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ "Princely House of Thurn and Taxis". Archived from the original on May 3, 2009. Retrieved December 30, 2009.[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 15, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)[self-published source][better source needed] Royal House of Saxony
  4. ^ Almanach de Gotha. 1922. p. 30.
Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 13 July 1861 Died: 31 July 1942
Luxembourgish royalty
Preceded by
Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg
Duchess consort of Nassau

Title next held by
Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma
as prince consort