Industrial Democracy (1st edn 1897; 9th edn 1926) is a book written by British socialist reformers Sidney Webb and Beatrice Webb, concerning the organisation of trade unions and collective bargaining. The book introduced the term industrial democracy to the social sciences, which has since gained a different meaning in modern industrial relations.
Industrial Democracy is divided into three parts. The first part concerns the structure of trade unions and concludes that "Trade Unions are democracies; that is to say their internal constitutions are all based on the principle 'government of the people by the people for the people.'" Part II focuses on the function of trade unions and specifically the method of collective bargaining. The third part delves into the theory of trade unions.
The imbalance of behaviour between employers and employees was described by the Webbs as follows.
|“||The capitalist is very fond of declaring that labour is a commodity, and the wage contract a bargain of purchase and sale like any other. But he instinctively expects his wage-earners to render him, not only obedience, but also personal deference. If the wage contract is a bargain of purchase and sale like any other, why is the workman expected to tip his hat to his employer, and to say 'sir' to him without reciprocity?||”|
Industrial Democracy had a profound impact on the British labour movement, and socialism worldwide. It was translated into multiple languages, including a translation into Russian by Vladimir Lenin.
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- Webb, Sidney; Webb, Beatrice (1897), Industrial Democracy, I (1 ed.), London, New York, Bombay: Longmans, Green & Co, retrieved 5 October 2014; Webb, Sidney; Webb, Beatrice (1897), Industrial Democracy, II (1 ed.), London, New York, Bombay: Longmans, Green & Co, retrieved 5 October 2014
- Müller-Jentsch, Walther (December 16, 2007). "Industrial Democracy: Historical Development and Current Challenges" (PDF). Management Revue. 19 (4): 260–273. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Industrial democracy (1902)". Canadian Libraries Internet Archive. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- S Webb and B Webb, Industrial Democracy (1902) 842
- The Background of Fabian Theory
- Теория и практика английского тред-юнионизма = Teoriya i praktika angliyskogo tred-yunionizma (Industrial democracy)
- WH Dawson, 'Review' (Jul., 1898) 12 Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 136–143