Indonesian passport is a travel document issued by the Government of Indonesia to Indonesian citizens residing in Indonesia or overseas. The main governing body with regards to the issuance of such passport(s), possession(s), withdrawal and related matters is the Directorate General of Immigration (Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi) under the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kementerian Hukum dan HAM Republik Indonesia) . Indonesia is one among many countries in the world that does not recognize multiple citizenship for its citizens and such citizens will automatically lose her/his Indonesian citizenship if another citizenship is acquired voluntarily. Special exceptions allow newly born citizens to hold dual nationalities (including Indonesian) until his/her eighteenth birthday after which a choice of either nationalities should be decided. The latest Indonesian passport has different national birds and sceneries on each page.
The front cover of the Indonesian biometric passport.
|First issued||30 October 2014 (latest version)|
|Expiration||5 years after issuance|
- Cover colour: Prior to 30 October 2014, ordinary Indonesian passports were issued with a dark green cover while the latest one is turquoise green (hijau toska).
- Coat of arms: The coat of arms is now centered and significantly larger than older editions
- Translation (cover only): Only 'passport' appears bilingually (Indonesian above and English below) while the phrase 'Republik Indonesia' is not translated to 'Republic of Indonesia'.
- Bearer's signature: The latest version contains the bearer's signature on page 48. Previous versions contained the bearer's signature on page 3.
According to Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 31 Tahun 2013 (Government Regulation No. 31 of 2013), ordinary passports consists of electronic and non-electronic versions.
Electronic Passport (E-passports) Edit
Effective from 26 January 2011, the Directorate General of Immigration introduced ordinary electronic passports (e-passport) for Indonesian citizens. The initial launch quota was set at 10,000 copies for the year 2011. Biometric passports were initially available only in three immigration offices: West Jakarta, Soekarno-Hatta, and Central Jakarta. but availability has widened since the first quarter of 2014, with ordinary electronic passports being issued in all immigration offices in Jakarta, Surabaya, and Batam. The electronic passports are available in 24 and 48 page versions (like non-biometric passports). The biometric chips are embedded within the back cover of the passports.
In 2011, approximately 12,000 Indonesian citizens obtained biometric passports and starting from the 25th of January 2012, the Indonesian Immigration Authority launched computerized immigration gates at Soekarno Hatta International Airport, reducing queue time for biometric passport holders as they no longer need to check in manually at the immigration counter. The service is available both for arriving and departing passengers. The government plans to install computerized gates in airports throughout the country.
As per second quarter of 2015, the electronic ordinary Indonesian passport is also issued in the latest version that is covered with turquoise green color.
Currently, Indonesian e-passport holders can enjoy visa-free travel to Japan for up to 15 days per stay (albeit still requiring a visa waiver endorsement certificate to be issued at Japanese embassy prior to travel). Non-electronic passport holders do not enjoy this privilege and must have a visa whenever they want to travel to Japan.
Visa-free privileges of other countries for Indonesian passport holders are currently valid for both passport types.
Diplomatic passports (Paspor Diplomatik)Edit
Issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Indonesian subject(s) who is serving as diplomat and/or government person in order to travel for diplomatic purpose(s). Such passport also covers the immediate family that would travel along with the main passport holder. Holding an Indonesian diplomatic passport does not guarantee a 'diplomatic immunity' to its bearer  although those who gain 'diplomatic immunity' might be holding such passport. Holding such passport does not also entitle the bearer to travel with the passport for non-diplomatic mission. Appropriate 'non-diplomatic' visa or entry clearance should be obtained prior to travel to the destined country. The latest version of the Indonesian diplomatic passport is issued in a black colored-cover.
Service passports (Paspor Dinas)Edit
Issued by Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Indonesian subject(s) who is serving as public servant on official travel. This type of passport is also issued to the immediate family member of the main passport bearer. The latest version of the service passport is issued in a blue colored-cover.
Hajj passports (obsolete)Edit
The Ministry of Religious Affairs formerly issued hajj passports for the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca under Article 29(1)(d) and Article 33 of the Immigration Act of 1992. However, new government regulations in 2009 deleted the relevant portions of the legislation. As of Hajj 2009, all hajj pilgrims from Indonesia use ordinary passports. The use of ordinary passports is a requirement of the Saudi Arabian government.
The passports contain a note from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. The note is found on the first page of the passport, which is on the other side of the identity page. The note inside the latest version of Indonesian passports states:
Pemerintah Republik Indonesia memohon kepada semua pihak yang berkepentingan untuk mengizinkan kepada pemegang paspor ini berlalu secara leluasa dan memberikan bantuan dan perlindungan kepadanya.
Paspor ini berlaku untuk seluruh negara dan wilayah kecuali ditentukan lain
The Government of the Republic of Indonesia requests to all whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance and afford him/her such assistance and protection.
This passport is valid for all countries and areas unless otherwise endorsed
The English translation only makes sense if the phrase "as may be necessary" follows 'protection' at the end of the sentence.
In case of diplomatic and service passports, those are not formally valid for visits to Israel  and Taiwan, since there are no formal diplomatic ties with those countries, requiring diplomats and servicemens to use regular passports and to obtain appropriate visa or entry clearance from the immigration authority of the destined countries.
There is slight difference as appears on page number three (3), which is immediately next to the identity page, between the ordinary non-electronic passport and the electronic version. The ordinary non-electronic passport depicts signatures of both the bearer of the passport and the issuing authority, both are manually done at the immigration office during the interview by the immigration officer. Official later stamp of the corresponding issuing authority logo on the same page with the signatures.
The ordinary electronic passport no longer bears the signature of the issuing authority as such information has been embedded in the digital information system, thus only bearing the signature of the passport holder. However, the signature of the bearer is still manually done during the interview by the immigration officer although digital signature of the holder is also included in the digital information embedded on the electronic chip along with the ten-fingerprints and digital face photograph. Above the signature, reminder of the inclusion of the chip on the passport can be found requesting appropriate treatment of the passport to avoid chip disturbance as such passport should not be bent and/or exposed to extreme radioactivity devices.
Third page of the latest (2014) version of Indonesian ordinary passport (both electronic and non-electronic versions) contains 'warning' (Peringatan) that would typically be printed on the interior side of the back cover of its predecessor version.
Identity information pageEdit
- Country code
- Passport number
- Nationality idonesia
- Date of birth
- Place of birth
- Date of issue
- Date of expiry
- Registration number
- Issuing office
- Machine readable zone
Passport Power RankingEdit
As of January 2020, Indonesian citizens have visa-free or visa on arrival access to 85 countries and territories, ranking the Indonesian passport 59th in terms of travel freedom according to The Passport Index. (URL)
As of July 2014, Indonesian passport fees (inclusive of service charges) are:
|Passport type||Price in Indonesian rupiah|
|Regular passport (24 pages)||Rp 155,000 (US$11)|
|Regular passport (48 pages)||Rp 355,000 (US$26)|
|Electronic passport (24 pages)||Rp 405,000 (US$30)|
|Electronic passport (48 pages)||Rp 655,000 (US$48)|
Note: The fees above has included biometric service fee of Rp 55,000 (US$4).
Recent changes and future arrangement (2013–14)Edit
Effective from 1 October 2013, The Directorate General of Immigration replaced the previous version of diplomatic and service passports with the current version in order to maintain a high security precaution and to fulfill the International Civil Aviation Organization standard.
In January 2014, the Ministry of Law and Human Rights announced a future design of the ordinary Indonesian passport, coinciding with the 64th anniversary of the Directorate General of Immigration. The main difference is the material of the page bearing the holder's identity. The new version uses polycarbonate instead of laminated paper. Ministry of Law and Human Rights' Amir Syamsudin stated that the change is expected to reduce passport forgery. Another difference is the design of the passport holder's photograph. In the upcoming version, 3 photographs of the passport holder will be displayed using 3D technology, each on the left, middle, and the right side of the page. The visa pages will be decorated using items that describe Indonesian flora, fauna, or culture.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2014-07-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- PP no 45 year 2014
- Yahoo! News
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