Indochina Campaign commemorative medal

The Indochina Campaign commemorative medal (French: Médaille commémorative de la campagne d'Indochine) was a French military decoration established on 1 August 1953 by decree 53-722 to recognize participation in the Indochina War by the members of the French Far East Expeditionary Corps, regular and reserve.[1]

Indochina Campaign commemorative medal
Indochine insigne des blessés France AVERS.jpg
Indochina Campaign commemorative medal (obverse) with single wound insignia
TypeCampaign medal
Awarded for90 days service between 16 August 1945 and 27 July 1954
Presented by France
EligibilityFrench citizens and foreign nationals fighting under the French flag
Campaign(s)Indochina War
First awardedAugust 1, 1953
Total recipientsColoniale Aloyse Rodolphe kennel
Medaille commemorative de la Campagne d'Indochine ribbon.svg
Ribbon of the Indochina Campaign commemorative medal
Precedence
Next (higher)1943–1944 Italian campaign medal
Next (lower)North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal
Reverse of the Indochina Campaign commemorative medal
Brigadier General Pierre Vincent, a recipient of the Indochina Campaign commemorative medal
General Arnaud de Foiard, a recipient of the Indochina Campaign commemorative medal

HistoryEdit

The conflict in French Indochina started right after the end of World War II with the French forces initially under the command of general Philippe Leclerc.[1] During the first eight years of the conflict, French and colonial troops received the Colonial Medal with the "EXTRÊME-ORIENT" (English: "FAR EAST") clasp, unfortunately, this award couldn't be earned by all in theater and outright excluded indigenous personnel. Politicians and generals alike petitioned the government for a dedicated commemorative award available to all participants under French command.[2]

Even after the award was established, French soldiers still received the Colonial Medal with "EXTRÊME-ORIENT" clasp in addition to the Indochina Campaign commemorative medal.[2]

StatuteEdit

The Indochina Campaign commemorative medal was awarded to soldiers of the army, navy and air force involved, for a minimum of ninety days, in a regular or supplementary unit in the Indochina campaign between 16 August 1945 and 11 August 1954.[2]

The medal could also be awarded to civilians, citizens of France or of the French Union, members of the Merchant navy or civil aviation, on board ships or as part of aircrews of air navigation aircraft, having ensured for a minimum period of ninety consecutive days, between the same aforementioned dates, troop or military equipment transport to or within Indochina.[2]

The ninety-day minimum period of service in theater was waived for personnel injured during operations in theater or mentioned in dispatches during the campaign.[1]

DescriptionEdit

The Indochina Campaign commemorative medal was a 36mm in diameter circular medal struck from bronze. On its obverse at lower center, a 24mm wide by 5mm high rectangular panel bearing the relief inscription "INDOCHINE" (English: "INDOCHINA") supported by a seven headed naja, five of its heads being below the panel, two being above the upper corners, one on each side. Atop the panel, a three headed elephant surrounded by the relief semi circular inscription "RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE" (English: "FRENCH REPUBLIC") along the medal circumference.[2]

On the reverse in relief, a 25mm in diameter wreath of laurels and oak leaves surrounded by the inscription "CORPS EXPÉDITIONNAIRE FRANÇAIS D'EXTRÊME-ORIENT" (English: "FRENCH FAR EAST EXPEDITIONARY CORPS") running along the entire medal circumference.[2]

The ribbon suspension ring was adorned with a 20mm high by 25mm wide bronze twisted dragon. The ring passed through a loop atop the medal which hung from a 39mm wide green ribbon bearing four 5mm wide yellow stripes set 5mm apart starting 2mm from the edges.[2]

Notable recipientsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "France Phaléristique web site" (in French). Marc Champenois. 2004-01-01. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Battini, Jean; Zaniewicki, Witold (2003). Guide pratique des décorations françaises actuelles. Paris: LAVAUZELLE. pp. 205–207. ISBN 2-7025-1030-2.

External linksEdit